Metals and Materials International

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 297–305 | Cite as

Modeling and characterization of as-welded microstructure of solid solution strengthened Ni-Cr-Fe alloys resistant to ductility-dip cracking part I: Numerical modeling



This work aims the numerical modeling and characterization of as-welded microstructure of Ni-Cr-Fe alloys with additions of Nb, Mo and Hf as a key to understand their proven resistance to ductility-dip cracking. Part I deals with as-welded structure modeling, using experimental alloying ranges and Calphad methodology. Model calculates kinetic phase transformations and partitioning of elements during weld solidification using a cooling rate of 100 K.s−1, considering their consequences on solidification mode for each alloy. Calculated structures were compared with experimental observations on as-welded structures, exhibiting good agreement. Numerical calculations estimate an increase by three times of mass fraction of primary carbides precipitation, a substantial reduction of mass fraction of M23C6 precipitates and topologically closed packed phases (TCP), a homogeneously intradendritic distribution, and a slight increase of interdendritic Molybdenum distribution in these alloys. Incidences of metallurgical characteristics of modeled as-welded structures on desirable characteristics of Ni-based alloys resistant to DDC are discussed here.

Key words

metals welding ductility fracture computer simulation 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Metals characterization and processing laboratoryBrazilian Nanotechnology National Laboratory, CNPEM/ABTLuS.CampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica — FEMUniversidade Estadual de Campinas — UNICAMPCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.Programa de ingeniería mecánica. Grupo IMTEFUniversidad Autónoma del CaribeBarranquillaColombia

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