Effect of Zr addition on phase transformation and precipitation in B-added hot stamping steel
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The effect of Zr addition on phase transformation and precipitation in B-added hot stamping steels was investigated. First, a thermodynamic calculation was conducted to compare the thermodynamic stability of nitride precipitates for various nitride-forming elements. The equilibrium temperatures for phase transformation and nitride precipitation in B-added hot stamping steels containing Zr were also calculated. The phase transformation kinetics of B-added hot stamping steels with various Zr contents were evaluated by both dilatometry and metallography. It was verified that Zr addition can provide protection of the B-hardenability effect, which produce a fully martensitic microstructure after hot stamping. To confirm the existence of Zr precipitation in the hot stamping steels, transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy were used. A large number of precipitates were observed in the form of (Ti, Zr)N. The effect of Zr addition in B-added hot stamping steel to provide effective B-protection resulting in an increase of hardenability was identified and discussed.
Key wordsalloys phase transformation precipitation dilatometry transmission electron microscopy
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