Direct synthesis of zirconium powder by magnesium reduction
- 146 Downloads
The direct synthesis of zirconium powder has been conducted through an analysis of the chemical reaction between evaporated ZrCl4 and molten magnesium over a range of reduction temperatures, concentration of hydrochloric acid, and stirring time. The observed results indicated that the purity of zirconium powder increased with increased stirring time, and Mg and MgCl2 were removed by 10 wt% of hydrochloric acid solution. The pure zirconium powder was obtained by stirring again for 5 h using 5 wt% of hydrochloric acid solution. It was noted that the mean particle size increased when the reaction temperature was increased, and the size of the powder at 1,123 K and 1,173 K was found to be 10 μm and 15 μm, respectively. In addition, the purity of the powder was also improved with temperature, and its purity finally reached up to 99.5% at 1,250 K. Overall, pure zirconium powder was obtained after a stirring stage for 5 hours using 5 wt% of hydrochloric acid solution.
Key wordschemical synthesis powder processing zirconium purification metals
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 3.R. L. Ibavez, J. R. Romas Barrado, F. Martin, F. Brucker, and D. Leinen, Surf. & Coat. Tech. 188–189, 675 (2004).Google Scholar
- 4.S. S. Shin, K. M. Lim, E. S. Kim, and J. C. Lee, Korean J. Met. Mater. 50, 293 (2012).Google Scholar
- 6.J. H. Moll, C. F. Yolton, and B. J. McTiernan, Int. J. Powder Metall. 26, 149 (1990).Google Scholar
- 9.K. Kapoor, C. Padmaprabu, and D. Nandi, Mater. Charater. 59, 222 (2008).Google Scholar