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Sport- und Präventivmedizin

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 6–12 | Cite as

Metabolische Leistungsdiagnostik und Trainingssteuerung in der Sportmedizin

  • Kai Röecker
  • S. Prettin
  • T. Pottgiesser
  • Y. O. Schumacher
  • H. H. Dickhuth
Im Brennpunkt – Leistungsdiagnostik

Zusammenfassung

Die metabolisch-physiologische Leistungsdiagnostik beinhaltet Methoden zur objektiven Messung der Ausdauerleistungsfähigkeit von Sporttreibenden oder der kardiopulmonalen Funktion von Patienten. Die korrekte Anwendung metabolischer Leistungsdiagnostik setzt eine detaillierte Kenntnis der Belastungsphysiologie und Erfahrung im Umgang mit den Methoden der Leistungsdiagnostik voraus. Die Basismethode zur Leistungsdiagnostik ist die Ergometrie mit gleichzeitiger Erfassung physiologischer Messgrößen wie der Herzfrequenz, der Blutlaktatkonzentration oder der Atemgasanalyse (Spiroergometrie). Zur Interpretation der Leistungsdiagnostik und Trainingssteuerung stehen verschiedene Konzepte und Softwareverfahren zur Verfügung. Neuere Ansätze implementieren statistisch-prognostische Methoden in die automatisierten Auswertungsalgorithmen.

Schlüsselworte

VO2max Laktatleistungskurve Anaerobe Schwelle Mehrstufentestprinzip 

Summary

The metabolic and physiological assessment of physical performance includes methods for the objective measurement of the endurance capacity of sportsmen or the cardiopulmonary function of patients. The correct application of metabolic physical performance diagnostics requires a detailed knowledge of stress physiology and also experience in dealing with the methods of performance diagnostics. The basic method for assessment of the physical performance is ergometry with simultaneous recording of physiological parameters such as heart rate, blood lactate concentration or breath analysis (spiroergometry). Different concepts and software techniques are available to interpret the results and to perform training control. Newer approaches to implement statistical and prognostic methods in the automated analysis algorithms.

Keywords

maximum oxygen uptake blood lactate performance anaerobic treshold multistage test principle 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Wien 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Röecker
    • 1
  • S. Prettin
    • 1
  • T. Pottgiesser
    • 1
  • Y. O. Schumacher
    • 1
  • H. H. Dickhuth
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung Präventive und Rehabilitative SportmedizinMedizinische UniversitätsklinikFreiburgDeutschland

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