International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 403–488 | Cite as

Open image in new windowEuropean Guidelines on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (Version 2012)

The Fifth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (Constituted by Representatives of Nine Societies and by Invited Experts)
  • Joep Perk
  • Guy De Backer
  • Helmut Gohlke
  • Ian Graham
  • Željko Reiner
  • W. M. Monique Verschuren
  • Christian Albus
  • Pascale Benlian
  • Gudrun Boysen
  • Renata Cifkova
  • Christi Deaton
  • Shah Ebrahim
  • Miles Fisher
  • Giuseppe Germano
  • Richard Hobbs
  • Arno Hoes
  • Sehnaz Karadeniz
  • Alessandro Mezzani
  • Eva Prescott
  • Lars Ryden
  • Martin Scherer
  • Mikko Syvänne
  • Wilma J. M. Scholte Op Reimer
  • Christiaan Vrints
  • David Wood
  • Jose Luis Zamorano
  • Faiez Zannad
  • Developed with the special contribution of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (EACPR)
Joint Societies Guidelines


Cardiovascular disease Prevention Risk assessment Risk management Smoking Nutrition Physical activity Psychosocial factors 

Abbreviations and acronyms


ankle–brachial index


Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes


Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified Release Controlled Evaluation


Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation


American Heart Association


apolipoprotein A1


apolipoprotein B


coronary artery bypass graft surgery


Collaborative AtoRvastatin Diabetes Study


Council on Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions


Clopidogrel for High Athero-thrombotic Risk and Ischemic Stabilisation, Management, and Avoidance


coronary heart disease


chronic kidney disease


Clopidogrel and Metoprolol in Myocardial Infarction Trial


C-reactive protein


Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events


cardiovascular disease


disability-adjusted life years


diastolic blood pressure


Diabetes Control and Complications Trial


erectile dysfunction


estimated glomerular filtration rate


European Heart Network


European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition


European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention through Intervention to Reduce Events


glomerular filtration rate


Global Secondary Prevention Strategies to Limit Event Recurrence After MI


Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation


glycated haemoglobin


high-density lipoprotein


Heart Failure and A Controlled Trial Investigating Outcomes of Exercise TraiNing


Hypertension Optimal Treatment Study


Heart Protection Study


hazard ratio


high-sensitivity C-reactive protein


Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial


International Classification of Diseases


intima-media thickness


International Verapamil SR/Trandolapril


Joint Task Force


low-density lipoprotein




lipoprotein-associated phospholipase 2


left ventricular hypertrophy


Management of Atherothrombosis with Clopidogrel in High-risk Patients with Recent Transient Ischaemic Attack or Ischaemic Stroke


Modification of Diet in Renal Disease


metabolic equivalent


Multinational MONItoring of trends and determinants in CArdiovascular disease


National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence


nicotine replacement therapy


non-ST elevation myocardial infarction


Ongoing Telmisartan Alone and in combination with Ramipril Global Endpoint Trial


obstructive sleep apnoea


peripheral artery disease


percutaneous coronary intervention


Prospective Pioglitazone Clinical Trial in Macrovascular Events


pulse wave velocity


Quality and Outcomes Framework


randomized clinical trial


relative risk


systolic blood pressure


Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation Project


Study of the Effectiveness of Additional Reductions in Cholesterol and


Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program


ST-elevation myocardial infarction


SUpplementation with FOlate, vitamin B6 and B12 and/or OMega-3 fatty acids


Systolic Hypertension in Europe


Treating to New Targets


United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study


Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial


Valsartan Antihypertensive Long-term Use


VITAmins TO Prevent Stroke


very low-density lipoprotein


World Health Organization



The ESC Guidelines represent the views of the ESC and were arrived at after careful consideration of the available evidence at the time they were written. Health professionals are encouraged to take them fully into account when exercising their clinical judgement. The guidelines do not, however, override the individual responsibility of health professionals to make appropriate decisions in the circumstances of the individual patients, in consultation with that patient, and where appropriate and necessary the patient’s guardian or carer. It is also the health professional’s responsibility to verify the rules and regulations applicable to drugs and devices at the time of prescription.

The disclosure forms of the authors and reviewers are available on the ESC website & The European Society of Cardiology 2012. All rights reserved. For permissions please email:


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Copyright information

© International Society of Behavioral Medicine 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joep Perk
    • 1
  • Guy De Backer
    • 2
  • Helmut Gohlke
    • 2
  • Ian Graham
    • 2
  • Željko Reiner
    • 3
  • W. M. Monique Verschuren
    • 2
  • Christian Albus
    • 4
  • Pascale Benlian
    • 2
  • Gudrun Boysen
    • 5
  • Renata Cifkova
    • 6
  • Christi Deaton
    • 2
  • Shah Ebrahim
    • 2
  • Miles Fisher
    • 7
  • Giuseppe Germano
    • 2
  • Richard Hobbs
    • 2
    • 8
  • Arno Hoes
    • 8
  • Sehnaz Karadeniz
    • 9
  • Alessandro Mezzani
    • 2
  • Eva Prescott
    • 2
  • Lars Ryden
    • 2
  • Martin Scherer
    • 8
  • Mikko Syvänne
    • 10
  • Wilma J. M. Scholte Op Reimer
    • 2
  • Christiaan Vrints
    • 2
  • David Wood
    • 2
  • Jose Luis Zamorano
    • 2
  • Faiez Zannad
    • 2
  • Developed with the special contribution of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (EACPR)
  1. 1.School of Health and Caring SciencesLinnaeus UniversityKalmarSweden
  2. 2.European Society of Cardiology (ESC)Sophia AntipolisFrance
  3. 3.European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS)GöteborgSWEDEN
  4. 4.International Society of Behavioural Medicine (ISBM)UlmGermany
  5. 5.European Stroke Organisation (ESO)BaselSwitzerland
  6. 6.European Society of Hypertension (ESH)PragueCzech Republic
  7. 7.European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD)DüsseldorfGermany
  8. 8.European Society of General Practice/Family Medicine (ESGP/FM/WONCA)LubljanaSlovenia
  9. 9.International Diabetes Federation Europe (IDF-Europe)BrusselsBelgium
  10. 10.European Heart Network (EHN)BrusselsBelgium

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