Abnormal ECG Patterns in Chronic Post-War PTSD Patients: A Pilot Study

  • Habibolah Khazaie
  • Mohammad Reza Saidi
  • Amir Ali Sepehry
  • David C. Knight
  • Mahin Ahmadi
  • Farid Najafi
  • Ali Akbar Parvizi
  • Sara Samadzadeh
  • Masoud Tahmasian
Article

Abstract

Background

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric syndrome associated with high levels of sympathetic activation of the autonomic nervous system. Individuals diagnosed with PTSD have a high propensity for electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities, atrioventricular conductive defects, and cerebrovascular incidents.

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate ECG abnormalities in post-war PTSD patients.

Method

This pilot study compared patients diagnosed with chronic post-war PTSD (n = 30) to patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD; n = 24) and healthy controls (n = 20). Following the completion of the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM (SCID), participants were assessed with a standard 12-lead ECG.

Results

ECG abnormalities were observed in 66.7% of PTSD patients and 70.8% of MDD patients. In contrast, only 28.6% of the healthy control group showed ECG abnormalities. Multivariate logistic regression was used to adjust for participants' sex, smoking rate, education level, disease duration, and marital status. The results indicated that PTSD and MDD patients were more likely to have ECG abnormalities than the normal population (odds ratio for PTSD = 12.7, 95% confidence interval 1.9–83.9; and odds ratio for MDD = 14.9, 95% confidence interval 1.3–170.5).

Conclusion

PTSD and MDD patients showed elevated rates of ECG abnormalities compared to healthy controls. These findings have important implications for the medical treatment of PTSD and MDD given that both of these patient groups appear to be at increased risk of cardiovascular disorder.

Keywords

PTSD ECG War Depression Mood disorder 

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Copyright information

© International Society of Behavioral Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Habibolah Khazaie
    • 1
  • Mohammad Reza Saidi
    • 2
  • Amir Ali Sepehry
    • 4
  • David C. Knight
    • 5
  • Mahin Ahmadi
    • 1
  • Farid Najafi
    • 3
  • Ali Akbar Parvizi
    • 1
  • Sara Samadzadeh
    • 1
  • Masoud Tahmasian
    • 1
  1. 1.Sleep Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Farabi HospitalKermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS)KermanshahIran
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyKermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS)KermanshahIran
  3. 3.Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Population Health, Kermanshah Health Research Center (KHRC)Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS)KermanshahIran
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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