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International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 535–542 | Cite as

A Randomized Study of the Effects of Mindfulness Training on Psychological Well-being and Symptoms of Stress in Patients Treated for Cancer at 6-month Follow-up

  • Richard Bränström
  • Pia Kvillemo
  • Judith Tedlie Moskowitz
Article

Abstract

Background

There is increasing evidence showing beneficial effects of mindfulness and mindfulness training on various indicators of mental and physical health.

Purpose

This paper reports the 6-month follow-up effects of a mindfulness stress reduction training program among patients treated for cancer on perceived stress, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress symptoms, positive states of mind, coping self-efficacy, and mindfulness.

Methods

Patients with a previous cancer diagnosis were recruited and randomized into an intervention group or a waiting list control group. The intervention consisted of an 8-week mindfulness training course.

Results

Compared to participants in the control group, the intervention group showed a larger increase in mindfulness at 6-month follow-up. However, there were no differences on any of the other outcomes between the intervention and control groups. Continued meditation practice was associated with a significant reduction in post-traumatic stress symptoms of avoidance.

Conclusions

The study draws attention to the need to better understand the mechanisms behind the effect of mindfulness training and to potential modification of mindfulness interventions to promote sustained benefits over time.

Keywords

Mindfulness Meditation Stress reduction Cancer Depression Perceived stress 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was funded by a research grant from the Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at the Karolinska Institute, Sweden. Richard Bränström is funded by research grants from the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research (Nr: 2006–1264 and 2006–0069), Center for Health Care Science at the Karolinska Institute, Sweden (Nr: 2008–4737), the Swedish Cancer Society, and Cancer-och Trafikskadades Riksförbund, Sweden.

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Copyright information

© International Society of Behavioral Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Bränström
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Pia Kvillemo
    • 1
  • Judith Tedlie Moskowitz
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institute, RadiumhemmetKarolinska University HospitalStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Osher Center for Integrative MedicineKarolinska InstituteStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Department of Clinical NeuroscienceKarolinska InstituteStockholmSweden
  4. 4.Osher Center for Integrative MedicineUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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