Sedentary Behavior and Depression Among Adults: A Review
- 3.4k Downloads
Physically inactive lifestyles and sedentary behaviors (SB) are key contributors to ill health. Although the association between SB (e.g., watching TV/using the computer) and physical health has been well documented, increasing research has focused on the possible link between SB and mental health (e.g., depression).
This review aims to investigate the effect of SB on the risk of depression in adults.
A systematic search for original research articles investigating associations between SB and depression in adults was performed using the several electronic data bases.
A total of seven observational and four intervention studies were included in this review. All observational studies found positive associations between SB and risk of depression, while intervention studies showed contradictory results.
Evidence for the relationship between SB and risk of depression in adults is limited by methodological weaknesses. However, on balance, this review suggests that SB is associated with an increased risk of depression. Further studies are needed assessing different types of SB and depression; the interrelationship between physical activity, SB, and depression; causal links between SB and depression; and intervention strategies aimed at reducing SB and their effects on risk of depression.
KeywordsDepression Mental health Television Adult Internet Computers
Megan Teychenne is supported by a National Heart Foundation of Australia Postgraduate Public Health Scholarship (PP 07M 3388). A/Prof Kylie Ball is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council Senior Research Fellowship. A/Prof Jo Salmon is supported by a National Heart Foundation of Australia Career Development Award and Sanofi-Aventis.
- 15.Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care. National health priority areas report: mental health 1998. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care; 1999.Google Scholar
- 20.AC Nielsen Company. Nielsen report on television. New York: A.C. Nielsen Company; 2000.Google Scholar
- 21.Australian Bureau of Statistics. How Australians use their time. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia; 1998.Google Scholar
- 22.Office for National Statistics. 2000 and 2005 Time use survey. 2006. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=7. Accessed 13 Jan 13 2008.
- 23.U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. American time use survey—2007 results. 2008. http://www.bls.gov/tus. Accessed 13 January 2008.
- 24.National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Adults/teens attitudes toward physical activity and physical education. Sports J. 2003;6.Google Scholar
- 30.Jakes RW, Day NE, Khaw KT, Luben R, Oakes S, Welch A, et al. Television viewing and low participation in vigorous recreation are independently associated with obesity and markers of cardiovascular disease risk: EPIC-Norfolk population-based study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57:1089–96.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 34.O'Neal H, Dunn AL, Martinsen EW. Depression and exercise. Int J Sport Psychol. 2000;31:110–35.Google Scholar
- 39.Thomee S, Eklof M, Gustafsson E, Nilsson R, Hagberg M. Prevalence of perceived stress, symptoms of depression and sleep disturbances in relation to information and communication technology (ICT) use among young adults—an explorative prospective study. Comput Hum Behav. 2007;23:1300–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 40.Dittmar ML. Relations among depression, gender, and television viewing of college students. J Soc Behav Pers. 1994;9:317–28.Google Scholar
- 49.Beck AT, Steer RA. Beck depression inventory. Philadelphia: Center for Cognitive Therapy; 1978.Google Scholar
- 56.Lewinsohn PM. A behavioral approach to depression. Washington: Hemisphere Publishing; 1974.Google Scholar