Advertisement

Psychological impact of e-learning on social network sites: online students’ attitudes and their satisfaction with life

  • Poonsri Vate-U-LanEmail author
Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

This paper reports on the findings of a study pertaining to the psychological impact of e-learning on social network sites. The findings have resulted by means of a correlational analysis between attitude towards e-learning on social network sites and satisfaction with life of students experienced with e-learning experiences. It was based on an online survey of 607 valid responses with e-learning experiences gathered from 896 online respondents. The gender profile was balanced (males 50.7% and females 49.3% respectively). The analysis found that students who had experience of e-learning on social network sites also had a positive score on the Satisfaction with Life Scale (females 4.40 out of 6, SD = 0.91 and males 4.38 out of 6, SD = 0.9). The attitudes towards e-learning were also positive (female 4.34 out of 6, SD = 1.0 and male 4.12 out of 6, SD = 1.2). The relationship between e-learning attitudes and satisfaction with life was investigated using the Spearman Rank Order Correlation (rho) statistic. The research data shows a significant positive association between attitudes towards e-learning and satisfaction with life by females and males.

Keywords

Attitude Correlation E-learning Learning management systems (LMS) Satisfaction with life Social media Social network 

Notes

References

  1. Alfalah, T. F., Alfalah, S. F., Falah, J. F., Qutaishat, W., & Al-Zu’bi, M. (2017). Learning management system versus social networking sites. International Business Research, 10(6), 123.Google Scholar
  2. Aljawarneh, S., Alshargabi, B., Hayajneh, S., & Imam, A. (2015). Integration of e-learning and cloud computing platform through software engineering. Recent Patents on Computer Science, 8(2), 100–105.Google Scholar
  3. Al-Menayes, J. J. (2015). Social media use, engagement and addiction as predictors of academic performance. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 7(4), 86.Google Scholar
  4. Andale. (2014). Cronbach’s alpha: Simple definition, use and interpretation. Retrieved October 7, 2017, from http://www.statisticshowto.com/cronbachs-alpha-spss/. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  5. Barczyk, C. C., & Duncan, D. G. (2013). Facebook in higher education courses: An analysis of students’ attitudes, community of practice, and classroom community. International Business and Management, 6(1), 1–11.Google Scholar
  6. Bersin, J. (2017). The disruption of digital learning: Ten things we have learned. Retrieved October 20, 2017, from https://joshbersin.com/2017/03/the-disruption-of-digital-learning-ten-things-we-have-learned/. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  7. Davies, S. (2010). Effective assessment in a digital age a guide to technology-enhanced assessment and feedback (JISC e-Learning Programme) (p. 64). United Kingdom: Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE), Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) e-Learning Programme. Retrieved from https://facultyinnovate.utexas.edu/sites/default/files/digiassass_eada.pdf. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  8. De-Marcos, L., Domínguez, A., Saenz-de-Navarrete, J., & Pagés, C. (2014). An empirical study comparing gamification and social networking on e-learning. Computers & Education, 75, 82–91.Google Scholar
  9. Diener, E., Inglehart, R., & Tay, L. (2013). Theory and validity of life satisfaction scales. Social Indicators Research, 112(3), 497–527.Google Scholar
  10. Durak, G. (2017). Using social learning networks (SLNs) in higher education: Edmodo through the lenses of academics. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(1), 1–15.Google Scholar
  11. Garrison, D. R. (2011). E-learning in the 21st century: A framework for research and practice. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. George, B. H. (2017). A study of traditional discussion boards and social media within an online landscape architecture course. Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research, 13(1), 16–25.Google Scholar
  13. GfK Bluemoon, & Australian Communications and Media Authority. (2013). Like, post, share: Young Australians’ experience of social media Quantitative research report. Australia: The Australian Communications and Media Authority. Retrieved from http://www.acma.gov.au/theACMA/Library/researchacma/Research-reports/young-australians-and-social-media. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  14. Gordon, K. (2017a). Global social media ranking 2017 | statistic. Retrieved October 25, 2017, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/272014/global-social-networks-ranked-by-number-of-users/. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  15. Gordon, K. (2017b). Social media statistics. Retrieved October 25, 2017, from https://www.statista.com/topics/1164/social-networks/. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  16. Hampton, K., Rainie, L., Lu, W., Shin, I., & Purcell, K. (2015). Social media and the cost of caring. Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/01/15/social-media-and-stress/. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  17. Howarth, C. (2006). How social representations of attitudes have informed attitude theories: The consensual and the reified. Theory & Psychology, 16(5), 691–714.Google Scholar
  18. Hurt, N., Moss, G., Bradley, C., Larson, L., Lovelace, M., Prevost, L., et al. (2012). The “Facebook’’ effect: College students’ perceptions of online discussions in the age of social networking. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning.  https://doi.org/10.20429/ijsotl.2012.060210.Google Scholar
  19. Kiri, A. M., Arslan, A., Çetinkaya, A., & Mehmet, G. (2015). A quantitative research on the level of social media addiction among young people in Turkey. International Journal of Science Culture and Sport (IntJSCS), 3(3), 108–122.Google Scholar
  20. Laerd Statistics. (2018). Spearman’s rank order correlation using SPSS statistics: A how-to statistical guide. Retrieved December 2, 2018, from https://statistics.laerd.com/spss-tutorials/spearmans-rank-order-correlation-using-spss-statistics.php. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  21. Lam, L. (2012). An innovative research on the usage of Facebook in the higher education context of Hong Kong. Electronic Journal of E-Learning, 10(4), 378–386.Google Scholar
  22. Lee, R. B., Baring, R., Maria, M. S., & Reysen, S. (2015). Attitude towards technology, social media usage and grade-point average as predictors of global citizenship identification in Filipino University Students. International Journal of Psychology, 52(3), 213–219.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12200.Google Scholar
  23. Lepp, A., Barkley, J. E., & Karpinski, A. C. (2014). The relationship between cell phone use, academic performance, anxiety, and Satisfaction with life in college students. Computers in Human Behavior, 31, 343–350.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.10.049.Google Scholar
  24. Mehmood, S., & Taswir, T. (2013). The effects of social networking sites on the academic performance of students in college of applied sciences, Nizwa, Oman. International Journal of Arts and Commerce, 2(1), 111–125.Google Scholar
  25. Meishar-Tal, H., Kurtz, G., & Pieterse, E. (2012). Facebook groups as LMS: A case study. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(4), 33–48.Google Scholar
  26. Merriam-Webster. (2017a). Definition of social media. Retrieved October 31, 2017, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/social%20media. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  27. Merriam-Webster. (2017b). Definition of social network. Retrieved October 31, 2017, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/social+network. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  28. Mitra, S. (2013). The internet can harm, but can also be a child’s best tool for learning | Sugata Mitra. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/03/child-safety-internet-web-access.
  29. Noyes, D. (2017). Top 20 Facebook statistics: Updated October 2017 [Marketing research]. Retrieved October 20, 2017, from https://zephoria.com/top-15-valuable-facebook-statistics/. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  30. Obizmedia. (2013). The use of social media in school infographic. Retrieved October 20, 2017, from https://elearninginfographics.com/the-use-of-social-media-in-school-infographic/. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  31. Omar, A. (2017). Tailoring quality assurance towards education 4.0. Retrieved from http://www.utar.edu.my/sieqa2017/file/Website/Seminar/Plenary.pdf. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  32. Ozkan, S., Koseler, R., & Baykal, N. (2009). Evaluating learning management systems: Adoption of hexagonal e-learning assessment model in higher education. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 3(2), 111–130.  https://doi.org/10.1108/17506160910960522.Google Scholar
  33. Pavot, W., & Diener, E. (2009). Review of the satisfaction with life scale. In E. Diener (Ed.), Assessing well-being: The collected works of Ed Diener (pp. 101–117). New York: Springer.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2354-4_5.Google Scholar
  34. Pew Research Center. (2018). Social media use 2018: Demographics and statistics. Retrieved December 12, 2018, from http://www.pewinternet.org/2018/03/01/social-media-use-in-2018/. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  35. Pittman, M., & Reich, B. (2016). Social media and loneliness: Why an Instagram picture may be worth more than a thousand Twitter words. Computers in Human Behavior, 62, 155–167.Google Scholar
  36. Sawang, S., Newton, C., & Jamieson, K. (2013). Increasing learners’ satisfaction/intention to adopt more e-learning. Education+Training, 55(1), 83–105.Google Scholar
  37. Schaeffer, N. C., & Presser, S. (2003). The science of asking questions. Annual Review of Sociology, 29(1), 65–88.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.29.110702.110112.Google Scholar
  38. Schauer, P. (2015). 5 Biggest differences between social media and social networking. Retrieved October 25, 2017, from http://www.socialmediatoday.com/social-business/peteschauer/2015-06-28/5-biggest-differences-between-social-media-and-social. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  39. Schroeder, J., & Greenbowe, T. J. (2009). The chemistry of Facebook: Using social networking to create an online community for the organic chemistry. Innovate: Journal of Online Education, 5(4), 1–7.Google Scholar
  40. Singh, M., Goel, D., & Islamia, M. J. (2016). Impact of students attitudes towards social media use in education on their academic performance. AIMA Journal of Management & Research, 10(2/4). Retrieved from http://apps.aima.in/ejournal_new/articlesPDF/Divya-Mitushi.pdf. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  41. Uvalić-Trumbić, S., & Daniel, J. (2013). A guide to quality in online learning (p. 28). Academic Partnerships. Retrieved from https://www.chea.org/userfiles/uploads/A%20Guide%20to%20Quality%20in%20Online%20Learning.pdf. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  42. Vate-U-Lan, P. (2015). Transforming classrooms through game-based learning: A feasibility study in a developing country. International Journal of Game-Based Learning, 5(1), 46–57.  https://doi.org/10.4018/ijgbl.2015010104.Google Scholar
  43. Vate-U-Lan, P. (2017a). Foresight eLearning platforms: Insights from a Thai survey. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 7(1), 53–59.  https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2017.7.1.841.Google Scholar
  44. Vate-U-Lan, P. (2017b). The Oxymoron of serious games in eLearning: Gender differences from an internet-based survey in Thailand. In International academic conference on teaching, learning and e-learning in Budapest Hungary 2017 (IAC-TLEl 2017) (pp. 6–17). Budapest, Hungary: Czech Technical University in Prague. Retrieved from https://www.slideshare.net/drpoonsri/the-oxymoron-of-serious-games-in-elearning-gender-differences-from-an-internetbased-survey-in-thailand. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.
  45. Vate-U-Lan, P., & Masouras, P. (2018). Thriving social network for communication on elearning: Exploring gender differences in attitudes. In Proceedings of the first international conference on data science, e-learning and information systems (p. 14). Ayre Gran Hotel Colón, Madrid, Spain: ACM.  https://doi.org/10.1145/3279996.3280010.
  46. World Health Organization. (2013). Comprehensive mental health action plan 20132020 (Annex No. WHA66.8). Geneva: The Sixty-sixth World Health Assembly. Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/wha66/a66_r8-en.pdf. Accessed 11 Jan 2019.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Assumption University of ThailandBangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations