Tropical Eastern Pacific Amphoriscidae Dendy, 1892 (Porifera: Calcarea: Calcaronea: Leucosolenida) from the Peruvian coast

  • Báslavi Cóndor-Luján
  • Fernanda Azevedo
  • Eduardo Hajdu
  • Yuri Hooker
  • Philippe Willenz
  • Michelle KlautauEmail author
Original Paper


Two new species of Amphoriscidae Dendy, 1892 (Porifera Grant, 1836: Calcarea Bowerbank, 1862: Leucosolenida Hartman, 1958) from the northern coast of Peru, Tropical Eastern Pacific, are described integrating molecules and morphology. Leucilla mancoraensis sp. nov. is a tube-shaped sponge with apical osculum, sylleibid aquiferous system, and a skeleton composed of cortical triactines and giant tetractines, thick subatrial triactines, and atrial tetractines with short apical actines. Paraleucilla tarazonai sp. nov. is the first record of Paraleucilla Dendy, 1892 for the Eastern Pacific and presents a skeleton formed of cortical microdiactines, diactines, triactines, and tetractines, subatrial triactines, and atrial triactines and tetractines. These two species are provisionally endemic to the northern coast of Peru (Guayaquil ecoregion). Our phylogenetic analysis, which included the largest number of Amphoriscidae species, was congruent with previous studies. The family Amphoriscidae including an Amphoriscus Haeckel, 1870 species as well as the genera Leucilla Haeckel, 1872 and Paraleucilla were recovered as non-monophyletic groups. Despite being polyphyletic, information on species distribution of this family is relevant for diversity studies; consequently, we present the geographic distribution of each genus of Amphoriscidae.


Amphoriscus Leucilla Paraleucilla C-region of LSU Tropical East Pacific province Guayaquil ecoregion 



Gert Wörheide


Institut Ruđer Bošković, Zagreb, Croatia


Museu Nacional of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Prirodoslovni Muzej Rijeka, Croatia


Queensland Museum, Australia


Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Histoire Leiden, Netherlands


South Australian Museum, Australia


Porifera collection of the Biology Institute of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Zoological collection of the Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia


Zoölogisch Museum, Instituut voor Systematiek en Populatiebiologie, Amsterdam, The Netherlands



We thank the field staff (F. Menendez and M. Rios) for assistance in collecting samples. We also thank Gisele Lôbo-Hajdu (UERJ), students, and biologists from both Peru and Brazil (B. Ibañez, F. Menendez, M. Rios, C. Segami, and W. Vieira) for assistance in collecting samples on different expeditions.

Funding information

ESPER Project granted to RBINS was funded by the Global Taxonomy Initiative from the Belgian Development Cooperation (ESPER Project, 2419JVG2, 2431JVG2, and 2433FRK2); Proyecto EsponjAS was funded by the National Council of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq/PROSUL –490425/2007-0; CNPq/Universal 476558/2012-3; CNPq/Universal 476597/2013-7) and by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES/Protax – 561782/2010-5). The collection of samples was performed thanks to RBINS diving gear. BCL and FA received scholarships from CAPES. PhW was supported by travel grant #18834 from the FNRS (Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique) to conduct part of this study at MNRJ and UFRJ. YH obtained travel funds from the GTIBDC. MK received a fellowship from CNPq (302459/2014-6) and CAPES (440628/2015-6).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed by the authors.

Sampling and field studies

All necessary permits for sampling and observational field studies have been obtained by the authors from the competent authorities.

Data availability

The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available in the GenBank repository,


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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de ZoologiaRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Universidad Científica del Sur, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Biológicas, Carrera de Biología MarinaLimaPeru
  3. 3.Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacional, Departamento de InvertebradosRio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Facultad de Ciencias y Filosofia, Laboratorio de Biología MarinaLimaPeru
  5. 5.Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Taxonomy and PhylogenyBruxellesBelgium

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