Species delimitation and multi-locus species tree solve an old taxonomic problem for European squat lobsters of the genus Munida Leach, 1820

  • Paula C. Rodríguez-FloresEmail author
  • Annie Machordom
  • Pere Abelló
  • Jose A. Cuesta
  • Enrique Macpherson
Original Paper


The taxonomy of Munida Leach, 1820 from the north-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea was studied using a comparative analysis of morphological characters and molecular markers (mitochondrial and nuclear). Generalized Mixed Yule Coalescence and the Poisson tree process models were used to delimit two groups of closely related species associated with uncertain nomenclature and taxonomic status: (1) Munida intermedia A. Milne Edwards & Bouvier, 1899, M. rugosa (Fabricius, 1775), M. sarsi Huus, 1935 and M. tenuimana Sars, 1872 and (2) M. rutllanti Zariquiey-Álvarez, 1952 and M. speciosa von Martens, 1878. We found that M. tenuimana is restricted to northern Atlantic waters (north of approx. 48° N), while Mediterranean and Bay of Biscay specimens previously assigned to this taxon actually belong to a different species, indicating that the name Munida perarmata A. Milne Edwards & Bouvier, 1894 should be resurrected. Furthermore, M. rutllanti is shown to be a junior synonym of M. speciosa, a species that has thus far only been reported along western Africa. In addition, three species are re-described and a key to European Munida is provided. The validity of the morphological characters used to distinguish the different species is discussed. Phylogenetic analyses revealed three independent lineages with unsolved relationships among them, including high genetic distances for some species. These findings indicate highly divergent lineages of the European Munida and several events of colonization along the eastern Atlantic.


Anomura Munididae European Munida Phylogeny Mitochondrial markers Nuclear markers Morphology 



Third maxilliped


First pereiopod (cheliped)


Second to fourth pereiopods (first to third walking legs)









We are indebted to all the chief scientists of the various expedition cruises, and the captains and crews of the research vessels that provided the specimens used in this study. We remember our late colleague and friend, Michael Türkay, for his help during the stay of the last author (EM) at the Senckenberg Museum of Frankfurt-am-Main, for discussing ideas and taxonomic characters and for providing us with numerous specimens of the different species. We also thank Ricardo García who carried the lab work, Laure Corbari and Paula Martin-Lefèvre at the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle in France, Lydia Beuck at the Senckenberg am Meer in Germany, Eli Muñoz at the Spanish Institute of Oceanography, and Cedric d’Udekem d’Acoz at the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences in Belgium for their support in making specimens available for study. We thank Melinda Modrell for her conscientious language revision and thanks also to Shane Ahyong and other anonymous reviewer for their comments and suggestions that improved our manuscript.


The study was partially supported by the projects of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain (CTM2014-57949-R and PopCOmics, CTM2017-88080, AEI/FEDER, UE and CTM2015-66400-C3-3-R, MINECO-FEDER).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed by the authors.

Sampling and field studies

Collection and field procedures followed the European Union directive (2010/63/UE) and the Spanish Laws (Royal Executive Order, 53/2013) for Animal Experimentation.

Data availability

The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available in the GenBank repository, (GenBank’s Accession Codes: MK138911-MK138956) and included in this published article and its supplementary information files.

Supplementary material

12526_2019_941_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (18 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 18 kb)


  1. Ahyong ST, Baba K, Macpherson E, Poore GCB (2010) A new classification of the Galatheoidea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Zootaxa 2676:57–68Google Scholar
  2. Apakupakul K, Siddall ME, Burreson EM (1999) Higher level relationships of leeches (Annelida: Clitellata: Euhirudinea) based on morphology and gene sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol 12(3):350–359PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Araujo R, Buckley D, Nagel KO, García-Jiménez R, Machordom A (2018) Species boundaries, geographic distribution and evolutionary history of the Western Palaearctic freshwater mussels Unio (Bivalvia: Unionidae). Zool J Linnean Soc 182(2):275–299Google Scholar
  4. Baba K (1988) Chirostylid and galatheid crustaceans (Decapoda: Anomura) of the “Albatross” Philippine expedition, 1907-1910. Res Crustac, Spec Number 2:1–203Google Scholar
  5. Baba K (1994) Deep-sea galatheid crustaceans (Anomura: Galatheidae) collected by the ‘Cidaris I’ expedition off Central Queensland, Australia. Mem Queensl Mus 35:1–21Google Scholar
  6. Baba K, Macpherson E, Poore GCB, Ahyong ST, Bermudez A, Cabezas P, Lin CW, Nizinski M, Rodrigues C, Schnabel KE (2008) Catalogue of squat lobsters of the world (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura - families Chirostylidae, Galatheidae and Kiwaidae). Zootaxa 1905:1–220Google Scholar
  7. Baba K, Macpherson E, Lin CW, Chan TY (2009) Crustacean Fauna of Taiwan squat lobsters (Chirostylidae and Galatheidae). National Taiwan Ocean University, KeelungGoogle Scholar
  8. Baba K, Ahyong ST, Macpherson E (2011) Chapter 1 morphology of the marine squat lobsters. In: Poore GCB, Ahyong ST, Taylor J (eds) The biology of squat lobsters. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne and CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 1–37Google Scholar
  9. Bailie DA (2009) Phylogeny, population genetics and mating strategies of the squat lobster species Munida rugosa and Munida sarsi (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae). Dissertation, University of BelfastGoogle Scholar
  10. Bouvier EL (1922) Observations complémentaires sur les crustacés décapodes (Abstraction faite des Carides) provenant des Campagnes de SAS le Prince de Monaco. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco 62:1-106, pls 1–6Google Scholar
  11. Bracken-Grissom HD, Cannon ME, Cabezas P, Feldmann RM, Schweitzer CE, Ahyong ST, Felder LD, Lemaitre R, Crandall KA (2013) A comprehensive and integrative reconstruction of evolutionary history for Anomura (Crustacea: Decapoda). BMC Evol Biol 13(1):128PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Brower AV (1994) Rapid morphological radiation and convergence among races of the butterfly Heliconius erato inferred from patterns of mitochondrial DNA evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 91(14):6491–6495PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Cabezas P, Macpherson E, Machordom A (2008) A new genus of squat lobster (Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheidae) from the South West Pacific and Indian Ocean inferred from morphological and molecular evidence. J Crustac Biol 28(1):68–75Google Scholar
  14. Cabezas P, Macpherson E, Machordom A (2011) Allogalathea (Decapoda: Galatheidae): a monospecific genus of squat lobsters? Zool J Linnean Soc 156:465–493Google Scholar
  15. Carstens BC, Pelletier TA, Reid NM, Satler JD (2013) How to fail at species delimitation. Mol Ecol 22 (17):4369–4383Google Scholar
  16. Cartes JE, Papiol V, Frutos I, Macpherson E, González-Pola C, Punzón A, Valeiras X, Serrano A (2014) Distribution and biogeographic trends of decapod assemblages from Galicia Bank (NE Atlantic) at depths between 700 and 1800 m, with connexions to regional water masses. Deep Sea Res Part II Top Stud Oceanogr 106:165–178Google Scholar
  17. Colgan DJ, McLauchlan A, Wilson GDF, Livingston SP, Edgecombe GD, Macaranas J, Cassis G, Gray MR (1998) Histone H3 and U2 snRNA DNA sequences and arthropod molecular evolution. Aust J Zool 46(5):419–437Google Scholar
  18. Coykendall DK, Nizinski MS, Morrison CL (2017) A phylogenetic perspective on diversity of Galatheoidea (Munida, Munidopsis) from cold-water coral and cold seep communities in the western North Atlantic. Deep Sea Res Part II Top Stud Oceanogr 137:258–272Google Scholar
  19. Darriba D, Taboada GL, Doallo R, Posada D (2012) jModelTest 2: more models, new heuristics and parallel computing. Nat Methods 9(8):772PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. QGIS Development Team (2018). QGIS geographic information system. Open Source Geospatial Foundation Project.
  21. Drummond AJ, Rambaut A (2007) BEAST: Bayesian evolutionary analysis by sampling trees. BMC Evol Biol 7(1):214PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Drummond AJ, Ho SY, Phillips MJ, Rambaut A (2006) Relaxed phylogenetics and dating with confidence. PLoS Biol 4(5):e88PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Drummond AJ, Suchard MA, Xie D, Rambaut A (2012) Bayesian phylogenetics with BEAUti and the BEAST 17. Mol Biol Evol 29(8):1969–1973PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. d'Udekem d'Acoz C (1999) Inventaire et distribution des crustacés décapodes de l'Atlantique nord-oriental, de la Méditerranée et des eaux continentales adjacentes au nord de 25°N. Patrimoines Naturels (MNHN/SPN) 40:1–383Google Scholar
  25. Fabricius JC (1775) Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis Sysnonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Kortii, Flensburgi et Lipsiae, 832 ppGoogle Scholar
  26. Flanders Marine Institute (2018) Maritime boundaries geodatabase: maritime boundaries and exclusive economic zones (200NM), version 10. Available online at
  27. Flot JF, Blanchot J, Charpy L, Cruaud C, Licuanan WY, Nakano Y, Payri C, Tillier S (2011) Incongruence between morphotypes and genetically delimited species in the coral genus Stylophora: phenotypic plasticity, morphological convergence, morphological stasis or interspecific hybridization? BMC Ecol 11(1):22PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Folmer O, Black M, Hoeh W, Lutz R, Vrijenhoek R (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol 3:294–299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Forest J (1965) Campagnes du “Professeur Lacaze-Duthiers” aux Baléares: juin 1953 et août 1954. Crustacés décapodes. Vie Milieu 16:325–413Google Scholar
  30. García-Merchán VH, Robainas-Barcia A, Abelló P, Macpherson E, Palero F, García-Rodríguez M, García-Rodríguez M, Gil de Sola L, Pascual M (2012) Phylogeographic patterns of decapod crustaceans at the Atlantic–Mediterranean transition. Mol Phylogenet Evol 62(2):664–672PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. García-Raso JE (1996) Crustacea Decapoda (excl Sergestidae) from Ibero-Moroccan waters results of Balgim-84 expedition. Bull Mar Sci 58(3):730–752Google Scholar
  32. García-Raso JE, Cuesta JA, Abelló P, Macpherson E (2018) Updating changes in the Iberian decapod crustacean fauna (excluding crabs) after 50 years. Sci Mar 82(4):207–229Google Scholar
  33. González-Gordillo JI, Santos AD, Rodríguez A (2001) Checklist and annotated bibliography of decapod crustacean larvae from the Southwestern European coast (Gibraltar Strait area). Sci Mar 65(4):275–305Google Scholar
  34. Guindon S, Gascuel O (2003) A simple, fast, and accurate algorithm to estimate large phylogenies by maximum likelihood. Syst Biol 52(5):696–704PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Hebert PD, Ratnasingham S, de Waard JR (2003) Barcoding animal life: cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 divergences among closely related species. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 270(Suppl 1):S96–S99Google Scholar
  36. Heled J, Drummond AJ (2008) Bayesian inference of population size history from multiple loci. BMC Evol Biol 8(1):289PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Heled J, Drummond AJ (2010) Bayesian inference of species trees from multilocus data. Mol Biol Evol 27(3):570–580PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Henderson JR (1885) Diagnoses of new species of Galatheidae collected during the “Challenger” expedition. Ann Mag Nat Hist (ser 5) 16:407–421Google Scholar
  39. Huus J (1935) Zur morphologischsystematischen und biologischen Kenntniss der nordischen Munida Larven (Crustacea-Decapoda). Bergens Museum Ärbok 8:1-29 4 plsGoogle Scholar
  40. Ingle RW, Christiansen ME (2004) Lobsters, mud shrimps and anomuran crabs. Keys and notes for the identification of species. Field Studies Council for Linnaean Society of London Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Assocation, Shrewbury, 271 ppGoogle Scholar
  41. Katoh K, Misawa K, Kuma KI, Miyata T (2002) MAFFT: a novel method for rapid multiple sequence alignment based on fast Fourier transform. Nucleic Acids Res 30(14):3059–3066PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  42. Landeira JM, Brochier T, Mason E, Lozano-Soldevilla F, Hernández-León S, Barton ED (2017) Transport pathways of decapod larvae under intense mesoscale activity in the Canary-African coastal transition zone: implications for population connectivity. Sci Mar 81(3):299–315Google Scholar
  43. Lanfear R, Calcott B, Ho SY, Guindon S (2012) PartitionFinder: combined selection of partitioning schemes and substitution models for phylogenetic analyses. Mol Biol Evol 29(6):1695–1701PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Leach WE (1820) Galatéadées. In: Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles. F. G. Levreault, Paris 49–56 pp.Google Scholar
  45. Leavitt SD, Divakar PK, Crespo A, Lumbsch HT (2016) A matter of time—understanding the limits of the power of molecular data for delimiting species boundaries. Herzogia 29(2):479–492Google Scholar
  46. Lefébure T, Douady CJ, Gouy M, Gibert J (2006) Relationship between morphological taxonomy and molecular divergence within Crustacea: proposal of a molecular threshold to help species delimitation. Mol Phylogenet Evol 40(2):435–447PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Lydeard C, Mulvey M, Davis GM (1996) Molecular systematics and evolution of reproductive traits of north American freshwater unionacean mussels (Mollusca: Bivalvia) as inferred from 16S rRNA gene sequences. Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 351(1347):1593–1603Google Scholar
  48. Machordom A, Macpherson E (2004) Rapid radiation and cryptic speciation in squat lobsters of the genus Munida (Crustacea, Decapoda) and related genera in the South West Pacific: molecular and morphological evidence. Mol Phylogenet Evol 33(2):259–279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Machordom A, Araujo R, Erpenbeck D, Ramos MÁ (2003) Phylogeography and conservation genetics of endangered European Margaritifridae (Bivalvia: Unionoidea). Biol J Linn Soc 78:235–252Google Scholar
  50. Macpherson E (1983) Crustáceos decápodos capturados en las costas de Namibia. Resultados Exped cient 11:3–80Google Scholar
  51. Macpherson E (1991) Biogeography and community structure of the decapod crustacean fauna off Namibia (Southeast Atlantic). J Crustac Biol 11:401–415Google Scholar
  52. Macpherson E (1994) Crustacea Decapoda: studies on the genus Munida Leach, 1820 (Galatheidae) in New Caledonia and adjacent waters with descriptions of 56 new species. Résult camp Musorstom 12:421–569Google Scholar
  53. Macpherson E (1997) Crustacea Decapoda: species of the genera Agononida Baba & de Saint Laurent, 1996 and Munida Leach, 1820 (Galatheidae) from the KARUBAR Cruise. In: Crosnier, A. et al. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 16. Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR. Mém Mus natl d'Hist nat. Série A, Zoologie 172:597–612Google Scholar
  54. Macpherson E, Baba K (2011) Chapter 2 taxonomy of squat lobsters. In: Poore GCB, Ahyong ST, Taylor J (eds) The biology of squat lobsters. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne and CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 39–71Google Scholar
  55. Macpherson E, Machordom A (2001) Phylogenetic relationships of species of Raymunida (Decapoda: Galatheidae) based on morphology and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase sequences, with the recognition of four new species. J Crustac Biol 21(3):696–714Google Scholar
  56. Macpherson E, Machordom A (2005) Use of morphological and molecular data to identify three new sibling species of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from New Caledonia. J Nat Hist 39(11):819–834Google Scholar
  57. Mantelatto FL, Terossi M, Negri M, Buranelli RC, Robles R, Magalhães Tamburus AF, Rossi N, Miyazaki MJ (2018) DNA sequence database as a tool to identify decapod crustaceans on the São Paulo coastline. Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal 29(5):805–815PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Matos-Pita SS, de Ramil F (2014) Squat lobsters (Crustacea: Anomura) from Mauritanian waters (West Africa) with the description of a new species of Munidopsis. Zootaxa 3765:418–434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Matzen da Silva J, Creer S, Antonina DS, Costa AC, Cunha MR, Costa FO, Carvalho GR (2011) Systematic and evolutionary insights derived from mtDNA COI barcode diversity in the Decapoda (Crustacea: Malacostraca). PLoS One 6:1–15Google Scholar
  60. Medlin L, Elwood HJ, Stickel S, Sogin ML (1988) The characterization of enzymatically amplified eukaryotic 16S-like rRNA-coding regions. Gene 71(2):491–499PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. de Melo-Filho GAS (2006) Reports on the results of the NOc “Prof W Besnard” expeditions to the southern coast of Brazil under the Revizee Program: Chirostylidae and Galatheidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Zootaxa 1238:1–22Google Scholar
  62. Miller MA, Pfeiffer W, Schwartz T (2010) Creating the CIPRES science gateway for inference of large phylogenetic trees. In: Proceedings of the Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE) New Orleans pp 1-8Google Scholar
  63. Milne Edwards A (1880) Reports on the results of dredging under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf ofMexico and in the Caribbean Sea, etc. VIII. Études préliminaires sur les Crustacés. Bull Mus Comp Zool 8:1-168 pls 1, 2Google Scholar
  64. Milne Edwards A, Bouvier EL (1894) Considerations génerales sur la famille des Galatheides. Ann Sci Nat, Zool (ser 7) 16:191–327Google Scholar
  65. Milne Edwards A, Bouvier EL (1899) Crustacés décapodes provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle (supplément) et de la Princesse-Alice (1891–1897). Résult Camp scient Prince Souverain Monaco 13:1–106Google Scholar
  66. Milne Edwards A, Bouvier EL (1900) Crustacés décapodes Première partie Brachyures et Anomoures. In: Milne-Edwards, A (Ed) Expéditions scientifiques du Travailleur et du Talisman pendant les années 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883 Masson Paris pp 1-396, 32 plsGoogle Scholar
  67. Miyake S, Baba K (1970) The Crustacea Galatheidae from the tropical-subtropical region of West Africa, with a list of the known species. Atlantide Report 11:61–97Google Scholar
  68. Muñoz I, Garcia-Isarch E, Sobrino I, Burgos C, Funny R, Gonzalez-Porto M (2012) Distribution, abundance and assemblages of decapod crustaceans in waters off Guinea-Bisau (north-west Africa). J Mar Biol Assoc UK 92:475–494Google Scholar
  69. Muñoz J, Amat F, Green AJ, Figuerola J, Gómez A (2013) Bird migratory flyways influence the phylogeography of the invasive brine shrimp Artemia franciscana in its native American range. PeerJ 1:e200PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  70. Nei M (1987) Molecular evolutionary genetics. Press, Columbia UniversityGoogle Scholar
  71. Neves AM (1977) Crustáceos decápodes marinhos de Portugal continental existentes no Museu Bocage III Anomura. Arq Mus Bocage Nova Ser 2(27):1–6Google Scholar
  72. Pacioni C, Hunt H, Allentoft ME, Vaughan TG, Wayne AF, Baynes A, Haouchar D, Dortch J, Bunce M (2015) Genetic diversity loss in a biodiversity hotspot: ancient DNA quantifies genetic decline and former connectivity in a critically endangered marsupial. Mol Ecol 24(3):5813–5828PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Palero F, Crandall KA, Abelló P, Macpherson E, Pascual M (2009) Phylogenetic relationships between spiny, slipper and coral lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Achelata). Mol Phylogenet Evol 50(1):152–162PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Palumbi SR, Martin AP, Romano S, McMillan WO, Stice L, Grabowski G (1991) The simple fool’s guide to PCR. Special Publishing Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  75. Petit RJ, Excoffier L (2009) Gene flow and species delimitation. Trends Ecol Evol 24(7):386–393PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Pons J, Barraclough TG, Gomez-Zurita J, Cardoso A, Duran DP, Hazell S, Kamoun S, Sumlin WD, Vogler AP (2006) Sequence-based species delimitation for the DNA taxonomy of undescribed insects. Syst Biol 55(4):595–609PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Puillandre N, Macpherson E, Lambourdière J, Cruaud C, Boisselier-Dubayle MC, Samadi S (2011) Barcoding type specimens helps to identify synonyms and an unnamed new species in Eumunida Smith, 1883 (Decapoda: Eumunididae). Invertebr Syst 25(4):322–333Google Scholar
  78. R core team (2016) R: a language and environment for statistical computing Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical ComputingGoogle Scholar
  79. Rambaut A (2012) Figtree v 1.4.0.
  80. Rambaut A, Drummond AJ, Xie D, Baele G, Suchard MA (2018) Posterior summarisation in Bayesian phylogenetics using Tracer 1.7. Systematic Biology 67(5):901–904.
  81. Raupach MJ, Barco A, Steinke D, Beermann J et al (2015) The application of DNA barcodes for the identification of marine crustaceans from the North Sea and adjacent regions. PLoS One 10(9):e0139421PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  82. Reid NM, Carstens BC (2012) Phylogenetic estimation error can decrease the accuracy of species delimitation: a Bayesian implementation of the general mixed yule-coalescent model. BMC Evol Biol 12(1):196PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  83. Rice AL, de Saint Laurent M (1986) The nomenclature and diagnostic characters of four north-eastern Atlantic species of the genus Munida Leach: Munida rugosa (Fabricius), M tenuimana GO Sars, M intermedia A Milne Edwards and Bouvier, and M sarsi Huss (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae). J Nat Hist 20:143–163Google Scholar
  84. Rodríguez-Flores PC, Macpherson E, Machordom (2019a) Revision of the squat lobsters of the genus Leiogalathea Baba, 1969 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Munidopsidae) with the description of 15 new species. Zootaxa 4560(2):201–256Google Scholar
  85. Rodríguez-Flores PC, Macpherson E, Buckley D, Machordom A (2019b) High morphological similarity coupled with high genetic differentiation in new sympatric species of coral-reef squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae). Zool J Linnean Soc.
  86. Ronquist F, Huelsenbeck JP (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19(12):1572–1574PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Sars GO (1872) Underígelser over Hardengerfjordens Fauna I Crustacea. Forh i Vidensk-Selskapet in Krist 1871:245–286Google Scholar
  88. Squires HJ (1970) Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Can Bull Fish Aquat Sci 221:1–532Google Scholar
  89. Stevcic Z (1990) Check-list of the Adriatic decapod Crustacea. Acta Adriat 31:183–274Google Scholar
  90. Swofford DL (2002) PAUP*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (* and other methods). Sunderland, MAGoogle Scholar
  91. Tsang LM, Ma KY, Ahyong ST, Chan TY, Chu KH (2008) Phylogeny of Decapoda using two nuclear protein-coding genes: origin and evolution of the Reptantia. Mol Phylogenet Evol 48(1):359–368PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Von Martens E (1878) Einige Crustaceen und Mollusken, welche das zoologische Museum in letzter Zeit erhalten. Sberi Ges naturf Freunde zu Berl 1878:131–135Google Scholar
  93. Whiting MF (2002) Mecoptera is paraphyletic: multiple genes and phylogeny of Mecoptera and Siphonaptera. Zool Scr 31(1):93–104Google Scholar
  94. Will KW, Rubinoff D (2004) Myth of the molecule: DNA barcodes for species cannot replace morphology for identification and classification. Cladistics 20(1):47–55Google Scholar
  95. Zariquiey-Álvarez R (1952) Estudio de las especies europeas del gen Munida Leach 1818. Eos Rev Esp Entom 28:143–231Google Scholar
  96. Zariquiey-Álvarez R (1968) Crustáceos decápodos Ibéricos. Invest Pesq (Spain) 32: i–xv,1-510Google Scholar
  97. Zhang J, Kapli P, Pavlidis P, Stamatakis A (2013) A general species delimitation method with applications to phylogenetic placements. Bioinformatics 29(22):2869–2876PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paula C. Rodríguez-Flores
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Annie Machordom
    • 1
  • Pere Abelló
    • 3
  • Jose A. Cuesta
    • 4
  • Enrique Macpherson
    • 2
  1. 1.Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC)MadridSpain
  2. 2.Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes (CEAB-CSIC)BlanesSpain
  3. 3.Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM-CSIC)BarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía (ICMAN-CSIC)Puerto RealSpain

Personalised recommendations