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Metacommunity analysis of meiobenthos of deep-sea sediments from the Gulf of Mexico

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Abstract

Metacommunity theory is a conceptual framework addressing the interdependence of local interactions and regional processes, especially when it is difficult to relate community structure and the environment at different spatial scales. To test the applicability of this theory to meiobenthos, 27 deep-sea sediment samples from the Gulf of Mexico were analyzed for meiobenthic and nematode community distribution and structure along with a set of environmental variables. Spatial and temporal heterogeneity in environmental conditions were found among sampling stations, and some variables, such as depth, inorganic carbon, carbon/nitrogen ratio, bottom-water oxygen, and percentage of sand, proved influential on total community abundance. Nematodes were the dominant meiofaunal group and its abundance highly variable among sites and sampling periods. Nematofauna was dominated by bacterivores, which also possessed the highest maturity index. Environmental characteristics showed a significant relation with community structure, not so the dispersal of nematode genera. In light of our findings, we posit that the deep-sea meiobenthos of the Gulf of Mexico may represent a metacommunity following the “species-sorting model.” This inference is based on the different taxonomic structures among sampling stations correlating with environmental differences, in the presence of local niche diversification and limited dispersal.

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Vicente Ferreira Bartrina and Ivonne Martínez Mendoza for their hard work collecting deep-sea sediments at sea and for the laboratory assistance (Ivonne), as well as to the crew of R/V Justo Sierra (UNAM) and scientific staff of cruises X1, X2, and X3. We dedicate this contribution to the memory of our friend and colleague Vicente Ferreira Bartrina.

Funding

This research was funded by grant 0OE111 from Instituto Nacional de Ecología (INE), Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (SEMARNAT), and Consejo Nacional para la Biodiversidad (CONABIO) to the Centro de Investigación Científica y Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE) and from the National Council of Science and Technology of Mexico—Mexican Ministry of Energy—Hydrocarbon Trust, project 201441. This research is derived from the first author Ph.D. and the second author M.Sc. research projects. They both benefited from graduate fellowships from Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT) to support their graduate programs in marine ecology at CICESE. This is a contribution of the Gulf of Mexico Research Consortium (CIGoM).

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Correspondence to Axayácatl Rocha-Olivares.

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The authors declare that they have not conflicts of interest.

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This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Sampling and field studies

This research is based on oceanographic cruises carried out in Mexican waters by Mexican research vessels, which obtained proper clearance from port authorities to operate. No specific permits were necessary to collect environmental or biological samples.

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Communicated by M. Schratzberger

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Cisterna-Céliz, J.A., Marcelino-Barros, M., Herguera, J.C. et al. Metacommunity analysis of meiobenthos of deep-sea sediments from the Gulf of Mexico. Mar Biodiv 49, 1217–1231 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-018-0899-0

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Keywords

  • Metacommunity
  • Meiobenthos
  • Nematodes
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Deep sea