Advertisement

Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 863–885 | Cite as

Benthic hydroids off Scott Island and the shelf and slope of the Ross Sea (Antarctica) collected during the IPY-CAML TAN0802 voyage by R/V Tangaroa

  • Álvaro L. Peña CanteroEmail author
Original Paper
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

During the IPY-CAML TAN0802 survey with RV Tangaroa, marine communities on the shelf and slope of the Ross Sea, as well as around the remote Scott Island and seamounts east of the Balleny Islands, were sampled using various sampling gears (epibenthic sled, rough-bottom fish trawl, beam trawl and multicorer). Amongst the numerous benthic samples obtained, an important collection of hydroids was present. Thirty-five species, including Sertularella pseudovervoorti sp. nov., have been recorded. Anthoathecata are represented only by Bouillonia denhartogi. The collection is essentially dominated by Leptothecata, with 34 species, belonging to the families Lafoeidae, Haleciidae, Kirchenpaueriidae, Schizotrichidae, Sertularellidae, Staurothecidae, Symplectoscyphidae, Tiarannidae and Zygophylacidae. Symplectoscyphidae is by far the most diversified family with 12 species (34%), followed by Kirchenpaueriidae and Staurothecidae with 5 each (14%) and Haleciidae with 4 species (11%). At the generic level, Symplectoscyphus with seven species, Antarctoscyphus, Oswaldella and Staurotheca with five species and Halecium with four are the most speciose genera. Symplectoscyphus frondosus is clearly the species with the highest occurrence. The depth range of 15 species is increased, considerably in most cases. Several species so far considered to be inhabitants of the Antarctic shelf clearly extend their distribution to the slope. Twenty species were found on the shelf and slope of the Ross Sea, with Stegopoma plicatile representing the new single record for the area, raising the number of known species to 78. Ten species (including the new species) come from the virtually unknown area of Scott Island, 8 constituting new records, raising the number of species known in this isolated area to 11. Sixty-eight percent of the species are Antarctic endemic and 94% are restricted to Antarctic or Antarctic/sub-Antarctic waters.

Keywords

Hydrozoa Biodiversity New species Deep-sea Bathymetry Biogeography 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I thank Dr. Ashley Rowden, National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research (NIWA), for giving me the opportunity to study the material. I also thank Sadie Mills and Dr. Kareen Schnabel, from the same institution, for their help with different aspects related to the collection. This research was funded by the New Zealand Government under the New Zealand International Polar Year Census of Antarctic Marine Life Project (Phase 1: So001IPY; Phase 2; IPY2007-01). I gratefully acknowledge project governance provided by the Ministry of Fisheries Science Team and the Ocean Survey 20/20 CAML Advisory Group (Land Information New Zealand, Ministry of Fisheries, Antarctica New Zealand, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed by the author.

Sampling and field studies

All necessary permits for sampling and observational field studies have been obtained by the author from the competent authorities and are mentioned in the acknowledgements, if applicable.

References

  1. Billard A (1906) Hydroïdes. In: Joubin L (ed) Expédition Antarctique Française (1903–1905) commandée par le Dr Jean Charcot, Masson et Cie, Paris, pp 1–20Google Scholar
  2. Blanco OM (1984) Contribución al conocimiento de hidrozoos antárticos y subantárticos. Contrib Inst Antárt Argent 294:1–53 pls 1–47 Google Scholar
  3. El Beshbeeshy M (2011) Thekate Hydroiden von Patagonischen Schelf (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Thecata). Edited by Jarms G. Verh Naturwiss Ver Hamburg 46:19–233Google Scholar
  4. González Molinero A, Peña Cantero AL (2015) SEM study of species of Oswaldella Stechow, 1919 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Kirchenpaueriidae), with an annotated checklist of the species of the genus. Zootaxa 4052:401–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jäderholm E (1904) Mitteilungen ueber einige von der Schwedischen Antarctic-Expedition 1901–1903 eingesammelte Hydroiden. Arch Zool exp gén 4 Notes et revue 1:1–14Google Scholar
  6. Maronna MM, Miranda TP, Peña Cantero AL, Barbeitos MS, Marques AC (2016) Towards a phylogenetic classification of Leptothecata (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa). Sci Rep 6:18075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Marques AC, Peña Cantero AL, Migotto AE (2005) Redescription and systematic status of the Antarctic genus Abietinella Levinsen, 1913 (Lafoeidae, Hydrozoa, Cnidaria). J Nat Hist 39:1443–1455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Millard NAH (1964) The Hydrozoa of the south and west coasts of South Africa. Part II. The Lafoeidae, Syntheciidae and Sertulariidae. Ann S Afr Mus 48:1–56Google Scholar
  9. Millard NAH (1975) Monograph on the Hydroida of southern Africa. Ann S Afr Mus 68:1–513Google Scholar
  10. Naumov DV, Stepanjants SD (1962) Hydroida (Thecaphora) collected by the Soviet Antarctic Expedition on the M/V Ob in antarctic and subantarctic waters. In: Biol Res Soviet Antarct Exped 1955–1958 1 (in Russian). Issled Fauny Morei 1:68–106Google Scholar
  11. Naumov DV, Stepanjants SD (1972) Marine invertebrates from Adélie land collected by the XIIth and XVth French Antarctic expeditions. 3. Hydroida. Téthys Suppl 4:25–60Google Scholar
  12. Peña Cantero AL (2004) How rich is the deep-sea Antarctic benthic hydroid fauna? Polar Biol 27:767–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Peña Cantero AL (2006) Benthic hydroids from the south of Livingston Island (south Shetland Islands, Antarctica) collected by the Spanish Antarctic expedition Bentart 94. Deep Sea Res II 53:932–948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Peña Cantero AL (2007) Breaking molds: Oswaldella laertesi, sp. nov., a unique Antarctic species of Oswaldella Stechow, 1919 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Kirchenpaueriidae). Zootaxa 1612:63–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Peña Cantero AL (2008) Benthic hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from the Spanish Antarctic expedition Bentart 95. Polar Biol 31:451–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Peña Cantero AL (2009) Benthic hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from the Balleny Islands (Antarctica). Polar Biol 32:1743–1751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Peña Cantero AL (2010) On a new Antarctic species of Symplectoscyphus Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1890 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Sertulariidae), with an annotated checklist of the Antarctic species of the genus. Zootaxa 2494:29–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Peña Cantero AL (2012) Filling biodiversity gaps: benthic hydroids from the Bellingshausen Sea (Antarctica). Polar Biol 35:851–865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Peña Cantero AL (2013) Benthic hydroids from off Low Island (Southern Ocean, Antarctica). Mar Ecol 34(Suppl 1):123–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Peña Cantero AL (2014a) Benthic hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from the continental shelf and slope off Queen Mary coast (East Antarctica). Polar Biol 37:1711–1731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Peña Cantero AL (2014b) Revision of the Antarctic species of Halecium Oken, 1815 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Haleciidae). Zootaxa 3790:243–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Peña Cantero AL (2017) Benthic hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from the Ross Sea (Antarctica) collected by the New Zealand Antarctic expedition BioRoss 2004 with RV Tangaroa. Zootaxa 4293(1):1–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Peña Cantero AL, García Carrascosa AM (1993) The coppinia of Abietinella operculata (Lafoeidae: Hydrozoa Leptomedusae) and its systematic position. J Nat Hist 27:1003–1011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Peña Cantero AL, García Carrascosa AM (1995) Hidrozoos bentónicos de la campaña Antártida 8611. Publ Espec Inst Esp Oceanogr 19:1–148Google Scholar
  25. Peña Cantero AL, García Carrascosa AM (1999) Biogeographical distribution of the benthic thecate hydroids collected during the Spanish “Antártida 8611” expedition and comparison between Antarctic and Magellan benthic hydroid faunas. Sci Mar 63:209–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Peña Cantero AL, Ramil F (2006) Benthic hydroids associated with volcanic structures from Bransfield Strait (Antarctica) collected by the Spanish Antarctic expedition GEBRAP96. Deep Sea Res II 53:949–958CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Peña Cantero AL, Vervoort W (1998) On two new species of Oswaldella Stechow, 1919 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from Bransfield Strait (Antarctica). Polar Biol 20:33–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Peña Cantero AL, Vervoort W (2003) Species of Staurotheca Allman, 1888 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Sertulariidae) from US Antarctic expeditions, with the description of three new species. J Nat Hist 37:2653–2722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Peña Cantero AL, Vervoort W (2004) Species of Oswaldella Stechow, 1919 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Kirchenpaueriidae) from US Antarctic expeditions, with the description of three new species. J Nat Hist 38:805–861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Peña Cantero AL, Vervoort W (2005) Species of Schizotricha Allman, 1883 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Halopterididae) from US Antarctic expeditions with the description of two new species. J Nat Hist 39:795–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Peña Cantero AL, Svoboda A, Vervoort W (1996) Species of Schizotricha Allman, 1883 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from recent antarctic expeditions with R.V. “Polarstern”, with the description of a new species. Zool Meded 70:411–435Google Scholar
  32. Peña Cantero AL, García Carrascosa AM, Vervoort W (1997) On Antarctoscyphus (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa), a new genus of antarctic hydroids and the description of two new species. Polar Biol 18:23–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Peña Cantero AL, Svoboda A, Vervoort W (1997a) Species of Staurotheca Allman, 1888 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from recent Antarctic expeditions with R.V. ‘Polarstern’, with the description of six new species. J Nat Hist 31:329–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Peña Cantero AL, Svoboda A, Vervoort W (1997b) Species of Oswaldella Stechow, 1919 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from recent Antarctic expeditions with R.V. “Polarstern”, with the description of eight new species. Zool J Linnean Soc 119:339–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Peña Cantero AL, García Carrascosa AM, Vervoort W (1998) On the species of Filellum Hincks, 1868 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) with the description of a new species. J Nat Hist 32:297–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Peña Cantero AL, Svoboda A, Vervoort W (1999) Species of Antarctoscyphus Peña Cantero, García Carrascosa and Vervoort, 1997 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Sertulariidae) from recent Antarctic expeditions with R.V. Polarstern, with the description of two new species. J Nat Hist 33:1739–1765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Peña Cantero AL, Svoboda A, Vervoort W (2002) Species of Symplectoscyphus Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1890 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa, Sertulariidae) from recent Antarctic expeditions with R.V. Polarstern, with the description of four new species. J Nat Hist 36:1509–1568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Peña Cantero AL, Svoboda A, Vervoort W (2004) Antarctic hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) of the families Campanulinidae, Lafoeidae and Campanulariidae from recent Antarctic expeditions with R.V. Polarstern, with the description of a new species. J Nat Hist 38:2269–2303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Peña Cantero AL, Boero F, Piraino S (2013) Shallow-water benthic hydroids from Tethys bay (Terra Nova Bay, Ross Sea, Antarctica). Polar Biol 36:731–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Peña Cantero AL, Roig Ferrer E, Miranda TP (2017) Species of Antarctoscyphus Peña Cantero, García Carrascosa and Vervoort, 1997 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Symplectoscyphidae) collected by US Antarctic expeditions: biogeographic implications. J Nat Hist 51:1437–1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Schuchert P (2001) Hydroids of Greenland and Iceland (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa). Meddelelser om Grønland, bioscience 53. The Danish Polar Center, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  42. Soto Àngel JJ, Peña Cantero AL (2015) On the benthic hydroids from the Scotia Arc (Southern Ocean): new insights into their biodiversity, ecology and biogeography. Polar Biol 38:983–1007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stepanjants SD (1972) Hydroidea of the coastal waters of the Davis Sea (collected by the XIth Soviet Antarctic Expedition of 1965–1966 In: Biol res Soviet Antarct Exped 5 (in Russian). Issled Fauny Morei 11:56–79Google Scholar
  44. Stepanjants SD (1979) Hydroids of the antarctic and subantarctic waters. In: Biol res Soviet Antarct Exped 6 (in Russian). Issled Fauny Morei 20:1–200, pls 1–25Google Scholar
  45. Svoboda A, Stepanjants SD, Ljubenkov J (2006) The genus Bouillonia (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata). Three species from the northern and southern hemispheres, with a discussion of bipolar distribution of this genus. Zool Meded 80–4:185–206Google Scholar
  46. Totton AK (1930) Coelenterata. Part V Hydroida Nat Hist Rep Br Antarct Terra Nova Exped 1910 5:131–252 pls 1–3 Google Scholar
  47. Vanhöffen E (1910) Die Hydroiden der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901–1903. Dtsch Südpolar Exped 1901–1903(11):269–340Google Scholar
  48. Vervoort W (1972a) Hydroids from submarine cliffs near Arthur Harbour, Palmer Archipelago, Antarctica. Zool Meded 47:337–357Google Scholar
  49. Vervoort W (1972b) Hydroids from the Theta, Vema and Yelcho cruises of the Lamont-Doherty geological observatory. Zool Verh 120:1–247Google Scholar
  50. Watson JE (2008) Hydroids of the BANZARE expeditions, 1929–1931: the family Haleciidae (Hydrozoa, Leptothecata) from the Australian Antarctic territory. Mem Mus Vic 65:165–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva/Departamento de ZoologíaUniversidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain

Personalised recommendations