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Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 851–861 | Cite as

Worming its way into Patagonia: an integrative approach reveals the cryptic invasion by Eulalia clavigera (Annelida: Phyllodocidae)

  • Joachim LangeneckEmail author
  • María Emilia Diez
  • Arne Nygren
  • Sergio Salazar-Vallejo
  • Luis Fernando Carrera-Parra
  • Tomás Vega Fernández
  • Fabio Badalamenti
  • Alberto Castelli
  • Luigi Musco
Original Paper

Abstract

A phyllodocid polychaete belonging to the genus Eulalia is reported from Nuevo Gulf, Patagonia (South-western Atlantic Ocean) with abundant populations thriving in the intertidal zone. Morphological and molecular data allowed assigning this population to Eulalia clavigera (Audouin & Milne-Edwards, 1834), a species typically occurring along the north-eastern Atlantic coast. The absence of genetic structuring between north-eastern and south-western Atlantic E. clavigera strongly supports a non-native origin of the Patagonian population. Conversely, the majority of the Mediterranean Eulalia cf. clavigera analysed in this study turned out to belong to a different, probably undescribed species, suggesting that the diversity and taxonomy of green Eulalia is more complex than previously supposed. The high adaptation capabilities to stressed environments showed by E. clavigera, along with its possible high impact on native assemblages through predation, compel to carefully monitor its spread along the Patagonian coasts.

Keywords

Non-native species Phyllodocidae Predation Cryptogenic species Species complex Molecular characterisation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Fabio Bulleri, Marco Casu and Chiara Ravaglioli for their help in sampling the Mediterranean specimens of Eulalia cf. clavigera; Michele Barbieri and Federica Squarcia for their support in the molecular laboratory work. Ana Parma and the late Lobo Orensanz enthusiastically shared their home and experience, and the latter also participated in the collecting trips in Puerto Madryn. Lastly, we are grateful to two anonymous reviewers that greatly contributed to the improvement of the manuscript.

Funding

The EC-funded project no. 295,213, RECOMPRA, FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IRSES funded the sampling of E. clavigera in Puerto Madryn by TVF and FB.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed by the authors.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Field study

Permits and approval of field or observational studies have been obtained by the authors.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Langeneck
    • 1
    Email author
  • María Emilia Diez
    • 2
  • Arne Nygren
    • 3
  • Sergio Salazar-Vallejo
    • 4
  • Luis Fernando Carrera-Parra
    • 4
  • Tomás Vega Fernández
    • 5
    • 6
  • Fabio Badalamenti
    • 6
    • 7
  • Alberto Castelli
    • 1
  • Luigi Musco
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Parasitología (LAPA), Instituto de Biología de Organismos Marinos (IBIOMAR), (CCT-CONICET-CENPAT)Puerto MadrynArgentina
  3. 3.Sjöfartsmuseet AkvarietGöteborgSweden
  4. 4.Depto. Sistemática y Ecología AcuáticaEl Colegio de la Frontera SurChetumalMexico
  5. 5.National Research Council (CNR)—Institute of Coastal Marine Environment (IAMC)NaplesItaly
  6. 6.Stazione Zoologica Anton DohrnNaplesItaly
  7. 7.National Research Council (CNR)—Institute of Coastal Marine Environment (IAMC), Marine Ecology LaboratoryCastellammare del GolfoItaly

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