Taxonomy of littoral Melanella (Gastropoda: Eulimidae) from Brazil, with comments on the Eulima described by Verrill and Bush (1900)

  • Leonardo Santos de Souza
  • Alexandre Dias Pimenta
Original Paper
  • 180 Downloads

Abstract

The present study reviews the taxonomy of four species of Melanella that occur in the littoral and infralittoral zones (up to 10 m depth) of Brazil: M. hypsela (Verrill & Bush, 1900), M. eburnea (von Mühlfeld, 1824), M. breviuscula (Dunker, 1875), and M. amblytera (Verrill & Bush, 1900). These species differ mainly in the dimensions and shape of the protoconch, body whorl shape, and outline of the outer lip. The geographic distribution of the species in the western Atlantic is updated, with new records for M. eburnea, M. breviuscula, and M. amblytera. All species are widely distributed in the Tropical Atlantic, but the published records of M. eburnea from West Africa and mid Atlantic remain dubious. Additionally, this study discusses the type status of Eulima species described by Verrill and Bush (Trans Conn Acad Arts Sci 10:513–544, pls 63–66, 1900), illustrating all of them. Here, we provide lectotype designations for M. hypsela, M. breviuscula, and M. amblytera.

Keywords

Vanikoroidea Eulimoidea Micromolluscs Polygireulima Melanella dufresnii Tropical Atlantic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the curators/collection managers who sent loans, took photographs of type material, or opened collections for visits: G. Rosenberg, N. Phillips and P. Callomon (ANSP), J. Leal (BMSM), C. Oliveira and R. Absalão (IBUFRJ), A. Baldinger (MCZ), P. Spotorno-Oliveira and L. Barcellos (MORG), L. Simone and D. Cavallari (MZSP), S. Pye (NMSZ), S. Santos and R. Salgado (UERJ), E. Neves and R. Johnsson (UFBA), J.C. Barros (UFRPE), E. Strong and Y. Villacampa (USNM), Eric Lazo-Wasem (YPM IZ), C. Zorn (ZMB), F. Passos (ZUEC), M. Krisberg. We are much indebted to E. Lazo-Wasem for the valuable discussions about the types status of material deposited in YPM IZ. A. Eschner and C. Zorn for comments about J.C.N. von Mühlfeld’s type material. D. Geiger (SBMNH) and G. Rosenberg (ANSP) for disscusion on zoological nomenclature. V. Queiroz (USP) for comments and photographs of Melanella species. Two anonymous reviwers for valuable comments on the manuscript. J. Carneiro, L. Cordioli, M. Fernandes, F.N. Santos, B. Oliveira, V. Queiroz, M. Tavares, R. Ventura, and the whole team of EqMN for their help in collecting specimens. B. Cordeiro and C. Messias (MNRJ) for SEM micrographs. J.W. Reid for the review of the English language. This work was supported financially by “Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro” (FAPERJ) under grant numbers E-26/110.325/2014 and E-26/110.068/2014, and by the “Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland” for a grant to LSdS for visits to the malacological collections of Brazil. LSdS is grateful to “Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico” (CNPq) and “Conselho de Aperfeiçoamento de Ensino Superior” (CAPES) for the scholarships.

References

  1. Abbott RT (1974) American seashells. The marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North America. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Absalão RS, Caetano CHS, Fortes RR (2006) Filo Mollusca. In: Lavrado HP, Ignacio BL (eds) Biodiversidade bentônica da região central da Zona Econômica Exclusiva brasileira. Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, pp 211–260Google Scholar
  3. Adams CB (1845) Specierum novarum conchyliorum, in Jamaica repertorum, synopsis. Proc Boston Soc Nat Hist 2:1–17Google Scholar
  4. Adams CB (1850) Descriptions of supposed new species of marine shells, which inhabit Jamaica. Contrib Conchol 7:109–123Google Scholar
  5. Albano PG, Sabelli B, Bouchet P (2011) The challenge of small and rare species in marine biodiversity surveys: microgastropod diversity in a complex tropical coastal environment. Biodiversity and Conservation 20(13):3223-3237Google Scholar
  6. Barros JCN, Santos FN, Santos MCF, Cabral E, Acioli FD (2001) Redescoberta de moluscos obtidos durante a “Challenger Expedition” (1873–1876): micromoluscos de águas profundas. Bol Téc Cient CEPENE 9(1):9–24Google Scholar
  7. Bouchet P, Lozouet P, Maestrati P, and Heros V (2002), Assessing the magnitude of species richness in tropical marine environments: exceptionally high numbers of molluscs at a New Caledonia site. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 75: 421–436.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1095-8312.2002.00052.x
  8. Bouchet P, Warén A (1986) Revision of the northeast Atlantic bathyal and abyssal Aclididae, Eulimidae, Epitoniidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda). Boll Malacol Suppl 2:299–576Google Scholar
  9. Brown J, Downes K, Mrowicki RJ, Nolan EL, Richardson AJ, Swinnen F, Wirtz P (2016) New records of marine invertebrates from Ascencion Island (Central Atlantic). Arquipél Life Mar Sci 33:71–79Google Scholar
  10. Cecalupo A, Giusti F (1986) Rinvenimenti malacologici a sud ovest dell’isola di Capraia (LI). Boll Malacol 22(9–12):293–298Google Scholar
  11. Clench WJ, Turner RD, (1950) The western Atlantic marine mollusks described by C.B. Adams. Occas Pap Mollusks 1(15):233–404Google Scholar
  12. Dall WH (1915) A monograph of the molluscan fauna of the Orthaulax pugnax zone of the Oligocene of Tampa, Florida. Bull U S Natl Mus 90:1–173, pls 1–12Google Scholar
  13. de Jong KM, Coomans HE (1988) Marine gastropods from Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire. E.J. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  14. Delongueville C, Scaillet R (2015) Melanella levantina (Oliverio, Buzzurro & Villa, 1994) (Gastropoda, Eulimidae) sur Holothuria (Rowethuria) poli Delle Chiaje, 1824 à Bozcaada (Mer Egée—Turquie). Novapex 15(1):29–31Google Scholar
  15. Dunker W (1875) Ueber Conchylien von Desterro, Provinz Sta. Catharina, Brasilien. Jahrbücher der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft 2:240–254Google Scholar
  16. Espinosa J, Ortea J, Caballer M, Moro L (2005) Moluscos marinos de la península de Guanahacabibes, Pinar del Río, Cuba, con la descripción de nuevos taxones. Avicennia 18:1–83Google Scholar
  17. Fernández Milera J (1998) Joyas de Cuba. Editorial Oriente, Santiago de CubaGoogle Scholar
  18. Gardner J (1948) Mollusca from the Miocene and lower Pliocene of Virginia and North Carolina, part 2, Scaphopoda and Gastropoda. Geol Surv Prof Pap 199-B:179–297Google Scholar
  19. Geiger DL, Marshall BA, Ponder WF, Sasaki T, Warén A (2007) Techniques for collecting, handling, preparing, storing and examining small molluscan specimens. Molluscan Res 27(1):1–50Google Scholar
  20. Gofas S, Marshall B, Bouchet P (2016) Eulimidae Philippi, 1853. In: MolluscaBase (2016). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135 on 2017-9-18.
  21. Heppell D (1995) The identity of Melanella dufresnii Bowdich, 1822, and other species of Eulimidae (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) described earlier. J Conchol 35:193–222Google Scholar
  22. International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) (1994) Opinion 1780. Bull Zool Nomencl 51(3):273–274Google Scholar
  23. International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, 4th edn. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Johansson J (1953) On the genital organs of some mesogastropods: Cerithium vulgatum Brug., Triphora perversa (L.) and Melanella (Eulima) intermedia (Cantr.). Contributions to the phylogeny of the pallial gonoducts of the Prosobranchia. Zool Bidr Upps 30:1–23Google Scholar
  25. Johnson RI (1989) Molluscan taxa of Addison Emery Verrill and Katharine Jeannette Bush: including those introduced by Sanderson Smith and Alpheus Hyatt Verrill. Occas Pap Mollusks 5(67):1–143Google Scholar
  26. Kohn AJ (1986) Type specimens and identity of the described species of Conus VII. The species described 1810–1820. Zool J Linn Soc 86(1):1–41.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1986.tb01806.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lange-de-Morretes F (1954) Adenda e corrigenda ao Ensaio de Catálogo dos Moluscos do Brasil. Arq Mus Parana 10:37–76Google Scholar
  28. Leal JH (1991) Marine prosobranch gastropods from oceanic islands off Brazil. Universal Book Services, OestgeestGoogle Scholar
  29. Lee HG (2009) Marine shells of Northeast Florida. Jacksonville Shell Club, Inc., JacksonvilleGoogle Scholar
  30. Lima SFB, Barros JCN, Silva SV, Santos MCF, Cabral E (2005) Ocorrência da espécie Melanella hians (Watson, 1883) em águas profundas no estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. Bol Téc Cient CEPENE 13(2):151–155Google Scholar
  31. Longo PAdS, Fernandes MC, Leite FPP, Passos FD (2014) Gastropoda (Mollusca) associated to Sargassum sp. beds in São Sebastião Channel—São Paulo, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 14(4):1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1676-06032014011514 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lyons WG (1977) Comments on three Jamaican melanellid species described by C.B. Adams (Gastropoda: Melanellidae). Occas Pap Mollusks 4(55):149–157Google Scholar
  33. Lyons WG (1989) Nearshore marine ecology at Hutchinson Island, Florida: 1971–1974. XI. Mollusks. Florida Marine Research Publications, St. PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  34. Johnson RI (1964) The Recent Mollusca of Augustus Addison Gould. Bulletin of the United States National Museum (239):1-182Google Scholar
  35. Odé H (1989) Distribution and records of the marine Mollusca in the northwest Gulf of Mexico (a continuing monograph), superfamily Melanellacea. Tex Conchol 25(2):59–80Google Scholar
  36. Olsson AA, Harbison A (1953) [Reprint 1990] Pliocene Mollusca of Southern Florida with special reference to those from North Saint Petersburg. The Shell Museum and Educational Foundation, Inc., SanibelGoogle Scholar
  37. Pilsbry HA, Aguayo CG (1933) Marine and freshwater mollusks new to the fauna of Cuba. The Nautilus 46:116–123, pl 6Google Scholar
  38. Pimenta AD, Absalão RS (2004) Review of the genera Eulimastoma Bartsch, 1916 and Egila Dall & Bartsch, 1904 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pyramidellidae) from Brazil. Zoosystema 26(2):157–173Google Scholar
  39. Pras S (2013) Correct type designation for two mollusc genera: Polygireulina Sacco 1892 (Gastropoda: Eulimidae) and Coripia de Gregorio 1885 (Bivalvia: Carditidae). Cossmanniana 15:99–103Google Scholar
  40. Queiroz V, Sales L (2013) On the spawning of Melanella eburnea (Gastropoda, Eulimidae). Strombus 20(1–2):27–29Google Scholar
  41. Queiroz V, de Souza LS, Pimenta AD, Cunha CM (2013) New host records to Melanella (Caenogastropoda: Eulimidae) from the Brazilian coast. Mar Biodivers Rec 6:e67, 5 pages.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755267213000407 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Queiroz V, Neves E, Sales L, Johnsson R (2017) The gall-former Sabinella troglodytes (Caenogastropoda: Eulimidae) and its association with Eucidaris tribuloides (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). J Conchol 42(5):371–377Google Scholar
  43. Redfern C (2001) Bahamian seashells: a thousand species from Abaco, Bahamas. Bahamianseashells.com, Inc., Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  44. Redfern C (2013) Bahamian seashells. 1161 species from Abaco, Bahamas. Bahamianseashells.com, Inc., Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  45. Rios EC (1975) Brazilian marine mollusks iconography. Museu Oceanográfico do Rio Grande, Rio GrandeGoogle Scholar
  46. Rios EC (1985) Seashells of Brazil. Editora da Fundação Universidade do Rio Grande, Rio GrandeGoogle Scholar
  47. Rios EC (1994) Seashells of Brazil, 2nd edn. Editora da Fundação Universidade do Rio Grande, Rio GrandeGoogle Scholar
  48. Rios EC (2009) Compendium of Brazilian sea shells. Evangraf, Rio GrandeGoogle Scholar
  49. Rosenberg G (2015a) Melanella engonia (Verrill & Bush, 1900). In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=533068 on 2017-2-23
  50. Rosenberg G (2015b) Polygireulima amblytera (Verrill & Bush, 1900). In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=419855 on 2017-2-23
  51. Rosenberg G, Gofas S (2013) Melanella Bowdich, 1822. In: MolluscaBase (2016). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137978 on 2017-2-23
  52. Rosenberg G, Moretzsohn F, García EF (2009) Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico. In: Felder DL, Camp DK (eds) Gulf of Mexico: origins, waters, and biota. Vol. 1. Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas, pp 579–699Google Scholar
  53. Santos FN, Caetano CHS, Absalão RS, de Paula TS (2007) Mollusca de substrato não consolidado. In: Creed JC, Pires DO, Figueiredo MAO (eds) Biodiversidade Marinha da Baía da Ilha Grande. MMA/SBF, Brasília, pp 207–236Google Scholar
  54. Souza LS, Pimenta AD (2014) Fusceulima and Halielloides (Gastropoda: Eulimidae) in the southwestern Atlantic, with descriptions of two new species of Fusceulima. Zoologia (Curitiba) 31(6):621–633.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-46702014000600008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Spalding MD, Fox HE, Allen GR, Davidson N, Ferdaña ZA, Finlayson MA, Halpern BS, Jorge MA, Lombana AL, Lourie SA, Martin KD, McManus E, Molnar J, Recchia CA, Robertson J (2007) Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas. Bioscience 57(7):573–583.  https://doi.org/10.1641/B570707 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Takano T, Kano Y, (2014) Molecular phylogenetic investigations of the relationships of the echinoderm-parasite family Eulimidae within Hypsogastropoda (Mollusca). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 79:258-269Google Scholar
  57. Tunnell JW Jr, Andrews J, Barrera NC, Moretzsohn F (2010) Encyclopedia of Texas seashells: identification, ecology, distribution, and history. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, TexasGoogle Scholar
  58. Verrill AE, Bush KJ (1900) Additions to the marine Mollusca of the Bermudas. Trans Conn Acad Arts Sci 10:513–544, pls 63–66Google Scholar
  59. Vokes HE, Vokes EH (1983) Distribution of shallow-water marine Mollusca, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Tulane University, New OrleansGoogle Scholar
  60. von Mühlfeld JCM (1824) Fortsetzung von Johann Carl Megerle von Mühlfeld’s Beschreibung einiger neuen Conchylien. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, 1, 205–221, pls. 1–3Google Scholar
  61. Warén A (1983) A generic revision of the family Eulimidae (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia). J Molluscan Stud 49(Suppl 13):1–96.  https://doi.org/10.1093/mollus/49.Supplement_13.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Warén A (1988) The identity of Turbo politus Linnaeus, 1758 (Prosobranchia, Eulimidae). Boll Malacol 24(1–4):17–24Google Scholar
  63. Warén A (2008) Eulimidae. In: Poppe GT (ed) Philippine marine mollusks, 1: Gastropoda I. Conchbooks, Hackenheim, pp 714–721, pls 302–305Google Scholar
  64. Warén A, Gittenberger E (1993) Turbo politus Linnaeus, 1758 (currently Melanella polita; Mollusca, Gastropoda): proposed conservation of usage of the specific name, so conserving the specific name of Buccinum acicula Müller, 1774 (currently Cecilioides acicula). The Bulletin of zoological nomenclature. 50:107-111Google Scholar
  65. Watson RB (1883) Mollusca of H.M.S. “Challenger” expedition—part XVII. Zool J Linn Soc Lond 17(99):112–130.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1883.tb02043.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Wiggers F, Veitenheimer-Mendes IL (2003) Gastrópodes atuais da plataforma continental externa e talude continental ao largo de Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Rev Bras Paleontol 6:55–60Google Scholar
  67. Wirtz P (2009) Thirteen new records of marine invertebrates and two of fishes from Cape Verde Islands. Arquipél: Life Mar Sci 26:51–56Google Scholar
  68. WoRMS (2011) Eulima breviuscula Dunker, 1875. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=565733 on 2017-5-31
  69. WoRMS (2015) Melanella jamaicensis (C.B. Adams, 1845). In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=419847 on 2017-2-23
  70. Yeung NW, Cowie RH, Hayes KA, Strong EE (2017) Type specimens of hawaiian land snails in the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, with lectotype designations. Smithson Contrib Zool 647:1–34Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonardo Santos de Souza
    • 1
  • Alexandre Dias Pimenta
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de InvertebradosMuseu Nacional/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)Rio de JaneiroBrazil

Personalised recommendations