Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 139–151 | Cite as

Nematode communities in the Sai Gon River harbors in relation to tributyltin concentrations

  • Ngo Xuan QuangEmail author
  • Nguyen Thi My Yen
  • Nguyen Van Dong
  • Larisa Prozorova
  • Nic Smol
  • Lidia Lins
  • Ann Vanreusel


The impact of toxic tributyltin (TBT) compounds was investigated on free-living nematode communities in the Sai Gon River. Samples were collected from 11 harbor stations downstream of the Sai Gon river plus one upstream station during the dry and rainy seasons. The results showed that all butyltin compound (mono-, di-, and tri) concentrations were relatively low compared to historical data from the same or adjacent estuaries, supporting the effectiveness of the 2009 ban on these products as antifouling. Nematode communities were typical for oligohaline regions showing a high spatial and temporal variability in abundance and diversity. Nematode community composition clearly differed between the two seasons, with the nematode communities being less variable in the rainy season compared to the dry season, while nematode communities differed significantly between stations. TBT values were still significantly negative correlated with nematode densities and selective deposit feeders during the dry season, partly confirming earlier experimental results on the response of nematodes to TBT. The historical presence of TBT contamination can possibly have caused a long-term impact on nematode communities in the Sai Gon river sediment, reflected in depressed densities during the dry season.


Nematode communities Environment Pollution Butyltins Antifouling effects Seasonal effects Sai Gon river Vietnam 



This research is funded by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) under grant number 106-NN.06-2013.66.

Supplementary material

12526_2017_718_MOESM1_ESM.docx (75 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 75 kb)


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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Management and Technology, Institute of Tropical BiologyVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemistry, Hochiminh City University of ScienceVietnam National UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity (FSCEATB), Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (FEB RAS)VladivostokRussia
  4. 4.Biology DepartmentGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  5. 5.Marine Biology Research Group, Biology DepartmentGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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