Advertisement

Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 2177–2182 | Cite as

New records of sea cucumbers inhabiting Mar Menor coastal lagoon (SE Spain)

  • Mercedes González-Wangüemert
  • Jorge A. Domínguez-Godino
  • Fernando Cánovas
Short Communication
  • 148 Downloads

Abstract

Two sea cucumber species, Holothuria impatiens and Oestergrenia digitata, were reported officially on Mar Menor coastal lagoon (SE Spain). Seven specimens of the first species were identified, using traditional taxonomy and genetic barcoding, in Los Narejos (Mar Menor). However, only one belonging to O. digitata species was found in Los Urrutias (Mar Menor). These findings could support the ‘mediterranisation’ process of the lagoon favoured by the enlargement of the El Estacio inlet in 1972. In the last several years, there has been a decrease in salinity, a smoothing of the most extreme temperatures and many anthropogenic actions which have produced modifications in Mar Menor, affecting the seagrass and seaweed coverage and causing an increase of organic matter in sediments. These modifications, together with the current patterns, are favouring the colonisation of Mar Menor by Mediterranean species.

Keywords

Holothurians Colonisation Adaptation ‘Mediterranisation’ Echinoderms 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by CUMARSUR project (PTDC/MAR-BIO/5948/2014) funded by Fundação para Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT, Portugal). Fernando Cánovas and J. Domínguez-Godino were supported by research fellows (CCMAR/SC/FC/2015 and CCMAR/SC/BI/2016). M. Gonzaléz-Wangüemert was supported by FCT Investigator Programme-Career Development (IF/00998/2014). The authors thank Dr. Borrero-Pérez for her comments and suggestions.

References

  1. Borrero-Pérez GH, Pérez-Ruzafa Á, Marcos C, González-Wangüemert M (2009) The taxonomic status of some Atlanto-Mediterranean species in the subgenus Holothuria (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea: Holothuriidae) based on molecular evidence. Zool J Linn Soc 157:51–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Borrero-Pérez GH, Gómez-Zurita J, González-Wangüemert M, Marcos C, Pérez-Ruzafa A (2010) Molecular systematics of the genus Holothuria in the Mediterranean and Northeastern Atlantic and a molecular clock for the diversification of the Holothuriidae (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Mol Phyl Evol 57:899–906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dayrat B (2005) Towards integrative taxonomy. Biol J Linn Soc 85(3):407–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Deichmann EL (1938) Eastern Pacific expeditions of the New York Zoological Society. XVI. Holothurians from the western coasts of Lower California and Central America, and from Galápagos Islands. Zoologica New York 23(18):361–387Google Scholar
  5. Domínguez-Godino JA, Slater MJ, Hannon C, González-Wangüermert M (2015) A new species for sea cucumber ranching and aquaculture: breeding and rearing of Holothuria arguinensis. Aquaculture 438:122–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. El-Geziry TM, Bryden IG (2010) The circulation pattern in the Mediterranean Sea: issues for modeller consideration. J Oper Ocean 3:39–46Google Scholar
  7. García-Sánchez M, Pérez-Ruzafa IM, Marcos C, Pérez-Ruzafa A (2012) Suitability of benthic macrophyte indices (EEI, E-MaQI and BENTHOS) for detecting anthropogenic pressures in a Mediterranean coastal lagoon (Mar Menor, Spain). Ecol Ind 19:48–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. González-Wangüemert M, Borrero-Pérez G (2012) A new record of Holothuria arguinensis colonizing the Mediterranean Sea. Mar Bio Rec 5:e105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. González-Wangüemert M, Pérez-Ruzafa Á (2012) In two waters: contemporary evolution of lagoonal and marine white seabream (Diplodus sargus) populations. Mar Ecol 33:337–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. González-Wangüemert M, Pérez-Ruzafa Á, Marcos C, García-Charton JA (2004) Genetic differentiation of Diplodus sargus (Pisces: Sparidae) populations in the south-west Mediterranean. Biol J Linn Soc 82:249–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. González-Wangüemert M, Domínguez-Godino J, Giménez-Casalduero F, Serrão E (2014) Genetic signature of a recent invasion: Bursatella leachii (Blainville, 1817) coming to Mar Menor coastal lagoon. Biochem Syst Ecol 54:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. González-Wangüemert M, Valente S, Henriques F, Domínguez-Godino JA, Serrão EA (2016) Setting preliminary biometric baselines for new target sea cucumbers species of the NE Atlantic and Mediterranean fisheries. Fish Res 179:57–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hebert PD, Cywinska A, Ball SL, deWaard JR (2003) Biological identifications through DNA barcodes. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 270:313–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Labrune C, Grémare A, Amouroux JM, Sardá R, Gil J, Taboada S (2008) Structure and diversity of shallow soft-bottom benthic macrofauna in the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean). Helgol Mar Res 62:201–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lacey KM, McCormack GP, Keegan BF, Powell R (2005) Phylogenetic relationships within the class Holothuroidea, inferred from 18S rRNA gene data. Mar Biol 147:1149–1154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lawrence JM (1990) The effect of stress and disturbance on echinoderms. Zool Sci 71:559–565Google Scholar
  17. Marambio M, Franco I, Purcell JE, Canepa A, Guerrero E, Fuentes V (2013) Aggregations of the invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in a hypersaline environment, the Mar Menor lagoon (NW Mediterranean). Aquat Inv 8:243–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Michonneau F (2015) Cryptic and not-so-cryptic species in the complex “Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens” (Forsskål, 1775) (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). bioRxiv. doi: 10.1101/014225 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Munar J (1984) Faunística de equinodermos en las Islas Baleares. Boll Soco Hist Nat Balears 28:5–22Google Scholar
  20. Paige JA (1988) Biology, metamorphosis and postlarval development of Bursatella leachii plei Rang (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia). Bull Mar Sci 42:65–75Google Scholar
  21. Rodrigues F, Valente S, González-Wangüemert M (2015) Genetic diversity across geographical scales in marine coastal ecosystems: Holothuria arguinensis a model species. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 463:158–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Samyn Y, Appeltans W, Kerr AM (2005) Phylogeny of Labidodemas and the Holothuriidae (Holothuroidea: Aspidochirotida) as inferred from morphology. Zool J Linn Soc 144(1):103–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Uthicke S (2001) Interactions between sediment-feeders and microalgae on coral reefs: grazing losses versus production enhancement. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 210:125–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Valente S, Serrão EA, González-Wangüemert M (2015) West versus East Mediterranean Sea: origin and genetic differentiation of the sea cucumber Holothuria polii. Mar Ecol 36:485–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Vergara-Chen C, González-Wangüemert M, Marcos C, Pérez-Ruzafa A (2010) Genetic diversity and connectivity remain high in Holothuria polii (Delle Chiaje 1823) across a coastal lagoon-open sea environmental gradient. Genetica 138:895–906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zavodnik D (2003) Marine fauna of Mljet National Park (Adriatic Sea, Croatia). 2. Echinodermata. Acta Adriatica 44(2):105–160Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Ciências do Mar (CCMAR), CIMAR-Laboratório Associado, Universidade do AlgarveGambelasPortugal
  2. 2.CEI·MAR, Campus Universitario de Puerto Real, Universidad de CádizPuerto RealSpain

Personalised recommendations