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Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 113–118 | Cite as

Botruanthus mexicanus (Cnidaria: Ceriantharia), a new species of tube-dwelling anemone from the Gulf of Mexico

  • Sérgio N. StamparEmail author
  • Ricardo González-Muñoz
  • André C. Morandini
Caribbean Coral Reefs

Abstract

A second tube-dwelling anemone species of the genus Botruanthus (Cnidaria: Ceriantharia), B. mexicanus sp. nov., was observed in the Veracruz Reef System (1 m depth), Veracruz, Gulf of Mexico, and is described herein. To date, the recorded range of Botruanthus has been restricted to the Pacific Ocean. This new species is the first of this genus reported from the Atlantic Ocean. The number of tentacles, the number of mesenteries attached to the siphonoglyph, and the size of P2 mesentery permit a decisive distinction from Botruanthus benedeni. Some comments are provided, nonetheless, on the difference between Botrucnidifer and Botruanthus, the only two genera of the family Botrucnidiferidae.

Keywords

Veracruz reef system Mexico Botrucnidiferidae 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported in part by São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP 2015/24408-4 to SNS, and 2010/50174-7, 2011/50242-5 to ACM), CNPq 481549/2102-9 to SNS, 301039/2013-5 and 476339/2013-8 to ACM, and by a grant (209690/202677) from the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT) to RGM for studies in the postgraduate program in the PCMyL-UNAM. This is a contribution of the NP-BioMar, USP. We would like to thank Drs. Torkild Bakken (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Museum of Natural History and Archaeology), Stephen D. Cairns and Allen G. Collins (Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History), and Jonathan Lawley (Universidade de São Paulo) for providing access to specimens; Biól. José Luis Tello-Musi, M.S. Alfredo Gallardo-Torres, Dr. Nuno Simões (UNAM), and Dr. Horacio Pérez-España (Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Pesquerías de la Universidad Veracruzana), who provided support for field work; Dr. Leopoldina Aguirre-Macedo (Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional) and M.S. Maribel Badillo-Alemán (UNAM), who provided support and access to histological facilities; and M.S. Gemma Martínez-Moreno and Dr. Patricia Guadarrama-Chávez (UNAM), who helped with lab work and provided support in the microscopy lab.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sérgio N. Stampar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ricardo González-Muñoz
    • 2
    • 3
  • André C. Morandini
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculdade de Ciências e Letras, UNESP- Univ Estadual Paulista, Assis, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Laboratório de Evolução e Diversidade Aquática - LEDAAssisBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC), CONICET - Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad Nacional de Mar del PlataMar del PlataArgentina
  3. 3.Posgrado en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (PCMyL), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y LimnologíaCiudad de MéxicoMexico
  4. 4.Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de ZoologiaSão PauloBrazil

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