Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 499–510 | Cite as

Caprella scaura Templeton, 1836: an invasive caprellid new to the Azores archipelago

Original Paper

Abstract

The present study reports for the first time the occurrence of Caprella scaura in the remote oceanic islands of the Azores archipelago. Caprella scaura is a widespread caprellid with an invasive potential and a complicated taxonomy due to the existence of individuals that vary morphologically between and within regions. Caprella scaura specimens collected in this study were assigned to subspecies C. s. scaura and C. s. typica, supporting already published evidence that these two names should be synonymized into a single subspecies. Previous C. scaura records were also analyzed in order to provide a more updated insight on current C. s. scaura distribution. The year-round presence of a breeding population in the Ponta Delgada marina suggests that C. scaura is locally well-established. Recent C. scaura presence in a marina and its association with non-native fouling bryozoans suggest that the most probable introduction vector in the Azores is through hull fouling.

Keywords

First record Fouling communities Non-indigenous species Oceanic islands 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Marta Canto for the initial sample sorting and to Dr. Ian Dodkins for a first revision of the English text. We thank Nuno Barata from “Portos dos Açores” for allowing the development of the work within the Ponta Delgada Marina. This project was funded by the Direcção Regional de Ciência e Tecnologia (DRCT)—‘Açores: Stopover for Marine Alien Species?’ – ASMAS – M2.1.2/I/032/2011.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de BiologiaUniversidade dos AçoresPonta DelgadaPortugal
  2. 2.CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos AçoresUniversidade dos AçoresPonta DelgadaPortugal

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