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Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 521–534 | Cite as

The amphipod assemblages of Sabellaria alveolata reefs from the NW coast of Portugal: An account of the present knowledge, new records, and some biogeographic considerations

  • Adriana Plicanti
  • Davide Iaciofano
  • Iacopo Bertocci
  • Sabrina Lo Brutto
Original Paper

Abstract

Amphipod assemblages associated with the biogenic reefs built by the honeycomb worm Sabellaria alveolata were studied at two sites (Praia da Aguda and Belinho) along the northwestern coast of Portugal. A total of 3909 specimens were collected, comprising 14 different amphipod species. A first record from the northeastern Atlantic coast was registered here for the species Caprella santosrosai, which was, up to now, recorded only along the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula. A male specimen collected from the Sabellaria-reef located in Belinho allowed an update to the known distribution of C. santosrosai, thus altering its previous status as an endemic Mediterranean species. The most common species collected during the study were Microdeutopus chelifer (n = 1828), Jassa ocia (n = 1426), and Hyale stebbingi (n = 452). Forty-three percent of the total recorded species were encountered in both study sites, whereas the remaining 57 % were restricted to a single site (Belinho). The majority of the collected species (93 %) showed an Atlantic-Mediterranean distribution, confirming the close affinity between eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean amphipod assemblages and the role of the Portuguese coast as a transition zone through which numerous warm-water species, coming from North Africa and the Mediterranean Sea, could enter into the Atlantic and possibly get mixed with species coming from the North Sea and the Arctic, typically having affinity for colder waters.

Keywords

Amphipoda Taxonomy Biodiversity Biogenic reefs Sabellaria alveolata NW Portugal 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was partially funded by the Portuguese Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) through national funds (PEst-C/MAR/LA0015/2011). AP was supported by an Erasmus Placement scholarship funded by TUCEP (Tiber Umbria Comett Education Programme), IB by the FCT within Programa Ciência 2008—Fundo Social Europeu. Special thanks to Estação Litoral da Aguda (ELA) for logistic support and to Rula Domínguez and José Pedro Oliveira for helping in the field and in the laboratory.

Compliance with ethical standards

Declarations

None of the authors have any competing interests in the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriana Plicanti
    • 1
    • 2
  • Davide Iaciofano
    • 3
  • Iacopo Bertocci
    • 2
  • Sabrina Lo Brutto
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratorio di Zoologia e Biologia Marina, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed AmbientaliUniversità del SalentoLecceItaly
  2. 2.CIIMAR/CIMAR, Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e AmbientalPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Laboratorio di Biologia Animale, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche Chimiche e FarmaceuticheUniversità degli studi di PalermoPalermoItaly

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