Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 79–80 | Cite as

Multiple purple spots in the Caribbean sea fan Gorgonia ventalina caused by parasitic copepods at St. Eustatius, Dutch Caribbean

  • Viatcheslav N. Ivanenko
  • Michail A. Nikitin
  • Bert W. Hoeksema
Caribbean Coral Reefs


Purple spots Sea fan Gorgonia ventalina Copepoda Lamippidae Symbiosis Dutch Caribbean 



The fieldwork was supported by a Temminck-Fellowship to VNI by Naturalis Biodiversity Center. St. Eustatius Marine Parks (STENAPA), Caribbean Netherlands Science Institute (CNSI) and Scubaqua Dive Center provided logistic support. Light microscopy and data analysis were supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (#15-29-02601 and #15-54-78061, respectively). Scanning electronic microscopy was supported by the Russian Scientific Fund (#14-50-00029). Two anonymous reviewers provided helpful comments.


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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viatcheslav N. Ivanenko
    • 1
    • 3
  • Michail A. Nikitin
    • 2
  • Bert W. Hoeksema
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Biological FacultyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.A.N.Belozersky Institute of Physico-chemical BiologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Naturalis Biodiversity CenterLeidenThe Netherlands

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