Soft corals provide microhabitat for camouflaged juveniles of the Blackspotted wrasse Macropharyngodon meleagris (Labridae)
Juveniles of the Blackspotted wrasse Macropharyngodon meleagris (Valenciennes, 1839) were observed to solely inhabit xeniid soft corals in shallow exposed reefs in Negros Island (central Philippines). Juvenile coloration (including patterns and eyespots) and adapted swimming behavior may support blending in with the soft coral environment and avoiding predation. This report constitutes the first description of juvenile wrasses occupying niches within a soft coral microhabitat by using their unique coloration patterns and swimming behavior.
KeywordsAnthozoa Coral reef Eyespot Indo-Pacific Philippines Xeniidae
Identification of soft corals was confirmed by L.P. van Ofwegen (Naturalis Biodiversity Center). S. Nitza and three anonymous reviewers are acknowledged for providing valuable feedback on an earlier version of the manuscript.
- Bos AR (2011) Fish density, biomass, and species overview of the dive hub marine protected area, Antulang, Si-it, Siaton, Negros Oriental, Philippines. Netherlands Center for Biodiversity Naturalis, Leiden, p 18Google Scholar
- Bos AR, Hoeksema BW (2015) Cryptobenthic fishes and co-inhabiting shrimps associated with the mushroom coral Heliofungia actiniformis (Fungiidae) in the Davao Gulf, Philippines. Environ Biol Fish 98. doi. 10.1007/s10641-014-0374-0
- Bos AR, Gumanao GS, Mueller B (2011b) Feeding biology and symbiotic relationships of the corallimorpharian Paracorynactis hoplites (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia). Raff Bull Zool 59(2):245–250Google Scholar
- Fabricius KE, Alderslade P (2001) Soft corals and sea fans: a comprehensive guide to the tropical shallow water genera of the central-west Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, p 264Google Scholar
- Froese R, Pauly D (2014) Fish-Base. http://www.fishbase.org/ (Accessed 22 July 2014)
- Gosliner TM, Behrens DW, Williams GC (1996) Coral reef animals of the Indo-Pacific; animal life from Africa to Hawaii exclusive of the vertebrates. Sea Challengers, MontereyGoogle Scholar
- Hoeksema BW, Crowther AL (2011) Masquerade, mimicry and crypsis of the polymorphic sea anemone Phyllodiscus semoni and its aggregations in South Sulawesi. Contrib Zool 80:251–268Google Scholar
- Marin I (2011) Two new species of alcyonacean-associated shrimp genus Alcyonohippolyte Marin, Okuno & Chan, 2010 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Hippolytidae) from the great barrier reef of Australia. Zootaxa 3123:49–59Google Scholar
- Marin I, Okuno J, Chan TY (2011) On the “Hippolyte commensalis Kemp, 1925” species complex (Decapoda, Caridea, Hippolytidae), with the description of two new species from the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa 2768:32–54Google Scholar
- Ocaña O, den Hartog JC, Brito A, Bos AR (2010) On Pseudocorynactis species and another related genus from the Indo-Pacific (Anthozoa: Corallimorphidae). Rev Acad Canar Cienc XXI(3–4):9–34Google Scholar
- Schmitt EF, Sluka RD, Sullivan-Sealey KM (2002) Evaluating the use of roving diver and transect surveys to assess the coral reef fish assemblage of southeastern Hispaniola. Coral Reefs 21:216–223Google Scholar
- Westneat MW (2001) Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. In: Carpenter KE, Niem V (eds) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome, pp 3381–3467Google Scholar