Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 173–179 | Cite as

The occurrence of Sparisoma frondosum (Teleostei: Labridae) in the Cape Verde Archipelago, with a summary of expatriated Brazilian endemic reef fishes

  • Rui Freitas
  • Osmar J. Luiz
  • Pericles N. Silva
  • Sergio R. Floeter
  • Giacomo Bernardi
  • Carlos E. L. Ferreira
Original Paper


The occurrence of the Brazilian endemic parrotfish Sparisoma frondosum is confirmed for the Cape Verde Archipelago, in the Tropical Eastern Atlantic. In total, 12 species of reef fishes previously thought to be either endemic or originated in the Brazilian Province have been recently recorded as vagrants in the southern Caribbean and in West African offshore islands. We suggest that the seasonal and somewhat overlooked North Equatorial Countercurrent should receive more attention as a potential dispersal route for marine organisms crossing the Atlantic in a west–east direction.


Dispersal Biogeography New record Trans-Atlantic North Atlantic countercurrent 



Our special thanks to the two people who captured the additional specimens by SCUBA: R. dos Santos for specimens from Santo Antão and São Vicente and E. D´Oliveira of King Bay Diving Center, Tarrafal, for the specimens from Santiago Island. Our gratitude extends to D. Évora, A. Hurtebize, T. Melo and J. Melo for sharing information and their continuing interest in specimens. We would also like to especially thank Dr A. Brito (University of La Laguna, Canary Is.) and Dr P. Wirtz (CCMAR University of Algarve, Portugal) for valuable information and Dr J. González (Canary Institute of Marine Science, Canary Is.) for assistance on meristic diagnosis of specimens. R. Freitas is supported by Campus do Mar International Campus of Excellence PhD program (DO*MAR) and P. N. Silva by the Centre of Excellence in Observational Oceanography (CofEOO) at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS). O.J. Luiz is supported by an International Macquarie University Research Excellence Scholarship. C.E.L. Ferreira and S.R. Floeter are funded by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) from Brazil.


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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rui Freitas
    • 1
    • 7
  • Osmar J. Luiz
    • 2
  • Pericles N. Silva
    • 3
  • Sergio R. Floeter
    • 4
  • Giacomo Bernardi
    • 5
  • Carlos E. L. Ferreira
    • 6
  1. 1.Departamento de Engenharias e Ciências do MarUniversidade de Cabo VerdeMindeloCabo Verde
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Instituto Nacional de Desenvolvimento das PescasMindeloCabo Verde
  4. 4.Departamento de Ecologia e ZoologiaUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaSanta CruzUSA
  6. 6.Departamento de Biologia MarinhaUniversidade Federal FluminenseNiteróiBrazil
  7. 7.Departamento de Ecologia Y Biologia Animal, Facultad de Ciencias del MarUniversidad de VigoVigoSpain

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