Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 173–179 | Cite as

The occurrence of Sparisoma frondosum (Teleostei: Labridae) in the Cape Verde Archipelago, with a summary of expatriated Brazilian endemic reef fishes

  • Rui Freitas
  • Osmar J. Luiz
  • Pericles N. Silva
  • Sergio R. Floeter
  • Giacomo Bernardi
  • Carlos E. L. Ferreira
Original Paper

Abstract

The occurrence of the Brazilian endemic parrotfish Sparisoma frondosum is confirmed for the Cape Verde Archipelago, in the Tropical Eastern Atlantic. In total, 12 species of reef fishes previously thought to be either endemic or originated in the Brazilian Province have been recently recorded as vagrants in the southern Caribbean and in West African offshore islands. We suggest that the seasonal and somewhat overlooked North Equatorial Countercurrent should receive more attention as a potential dispersal route for marine organisms crossing the Atlantic in a west–east direction.

Keywords

Dispersal Biogeography New record Trans-Atlantic North Atlantic countercurrent 

References

  1. Afonso P, Porteiro FP, Santos RS, Barreiros JP, Worms J, Wirtz P (1999) Peixes marinhos costeiros de Ilha de São Tomé (Golfo da Guiné). Arquipel Life Mar Sci 17A:65–92Google Scholar
  2. Afonso P, Morato T, Santos RS (2008) Spatial patterns in reproductive traits of the temperate parrotfish Sparisoma cretense. Fish Res 90:92–99. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2007.09.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blasiola GC Jr (1976) Centropyge Aurantonotus Burgess, 1974 (Pisces: Chaetodontidae): Range, Extension, and Redescription. Bull Mar Sci 26(4):564–568Google Scholar
  4. Bravo de Laguna J. 1985. Plates-formes insulaires et zone économique exclusive à la République du Cap-Vert. PNUD/FAO. Projet pour le renforcement du Secrétariat d'Etat aux Pêche du Cap-Vert. CVI/82/003/Rapport Technique/6. PraiaGoogle Scholar
  5. Briggs JC, Bowen BW (2012) A realignment of marine biogeographic provinces with particular reference to fish distributions. J Biogeogr 39(1):12–30. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02613.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brito A, Herrera R, Falcón JM, García-Charton JA, Barquín J, Pérez-Ruzafa A (1999) Contribución al conocimiento de la ictiofauna de las islas de Cabo Verde. Rev Acad Canaria Cienc 11(3–4):27–41Google Scholar
  7. Castellanos-Gell J, Robainas-Barcia A, Casane D, Chevalier-Monteagudo P, Pina-Amargos F, Garcia-Machado E (2012) The surgeonfish, Acanthurus bahianus, has crossed the Amazon-Orinoco outflow barrier. Mar Biol 159:1561–1565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. DGMP (1998) Gestão da Zona Costeira I – Atlas da Natureza da Costa e da Ocupação do Litoral, Reconhecimento Fotográfico. Direcção-Geral de Marinha e Portos. República de Cabo Verde. Hidroprojecto - Engenharia e Gestão S.A, Lisboa, PortugalGoogle Scholar
  9. Dythan C (2009) Evolved dispersal strategies at range margins. Proc R Soc Lond B 276(1661):1407–1413. doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.1535 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Floeter SR, Gasparini JL (2000) The Southwestern Atlantic reef fish fauna: composition and zoogeographic patterns. J Fish Biol 56(5):1099–1114. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2000.tb02126.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Floeter SR, Guimarães RZP, Rocha LA, Ferreira CEL, Rangel CA, Gasparini JL (2001) Geographic variation in reef-fish assemblages along the Brazilian coast. Global Ecol Biogeogr 10(4):423–433. doi:10.1046/j.1466-822X.2001.00245.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Floeter SR, Rocha LA, Robertson DR, Joyeux JC, Smith-Vaniz WF, Wirtz P, Edwards AJ, Barreiros JP, Ferreira CEL, Gasparini JL et al (2008) Atlantic reef fish biogeography and evolution. J Biogeogr 35(1):22–47. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2007.01790.x Google Scholar
  13. Gaines SD, Lester SE, Eckert G, Kinlan BP, Sagarin R, Gaylord G (2009) Dispersal and geographic ranges in the sea. In: Witman J, Roy K (eds) Marine Macroecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 227–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. González JA (1991) Biología y pesquería de la vieja, Sparisoma (Euscarus) cretense (Linnaeus 1758) (Osteichthyes, Scaridae), en las Islas Canarias. Doctoral thesis , Universidad de La LagunaGoogle Scholar
  15. González JA, Brito A, Lozano IJ (1994) Parámetros biométricos y coloración de Sparisoma (Euscarus) cretense (L.) en Canarias (Osteichthyes: Scaridae). Vieraea 23:165–181Google Scholar
  16. Hodge JR, Read CI, van Herwerden L, Bellwood DR (2012) The role of peripheral endemism in species diversification: evidence from the coral reef fish genus Anampses (Family: Labridae). Mol Phylogenet Evol 62(2):653–663. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.11.007 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Joyeux JC, Floeter SR, Ferreira CEL, Gasparini JL (2001) Biogeography of tropical reef fishes: the South Atlantic puzzle. J Biogeogr 28(7):831–841. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2001.00602.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Leite JR, Bertoncini AA, Bueno L, Daros F, Alves J, Hostim-Silva M (2009) The occurrence of Azores Chromis, Chromis limbata in the south-western Atlantic. Mar Biodivers Rec 2:1–3. doi:10.1017/S1755267209990637 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Luiz OJ Jr, Floeter SR, Gasparini JL, Ferreira CEL, Wirtz P (2004) The occurrence of Acanthurus monroviae (Perciformes: Acanthuridae) in the South-Western Atlantic, with comments on other eastern Atlantic reef fishes occurring in Brazil. J Fish Biol 65(4):1173–1179. doi:10.1111/j.0022-1112.2004.00519.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Luiz OJ, Madin JS, Robertson DR, Rocha LA, Wirtz P, Floeter SR (2012) Ecological traits influencing range expansion across large oceanic dispersal barriers: insights from tropical Atlantic reef fishes. Proc R Soc Lond B 279:1033–1040. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.1525 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mora C, Treml EA, Robert J, Crosby K, Roy D, Tittensor DP (2012) High connectivity among habitats precludes the relationship between dispersal and range size in tropical reef fishes. Ecography 35(1):89–96. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.06874.x Google Scholar
  22. Morri CR, Cattaeno-Vietti R, Sartori G, Bianchi CN (2000) Shallow epibenthic communities of Ilha do Sal (Cape Verde Archipelago, eastern Atlantic). Arquipel Life Mar Sci Suppl 2(A):157–165Google Scholar
  23. Moura RL, Sazima I (2003) Species richness and endemism levels of the Brazilian reef fish fauna. Proc 9th Int Coral Reef Symp 9:956–959Google Scholar
  24. Moura RL, de Figueiredo JL, Sazima I (2001) A new parrotfish (Scaridae) from Brazil, and revalidation of Sparisoma amplum (Ranzani 1842), Sparisoma frondosum (Agassiz 1831), Sparisoma axillare (Steindachner 1878) and Scarus trispinosus Valenciennes 1840. Bull Mar Sci 68(3):505–524Google Scholar
  25. Muss A, Robertson DR, Stepien CA, Wirtz P, Bowen BW (2001) Phylogeography of Ophioblennius: the role of ocean currents and geography in reef fish evolution. Evolution 55(3):561–572. doi:10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb00789.x PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nathan R, Getz WM, Revilla E, Holyoak M, Kadmon R, Saltz D, Smouse PE (2008) A movement ecology paradigm for unifying organismal movement research. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105:19052–19059. doi:10.1073/pnas.0800375105 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Philander SG (2001) Atlantic Ocean equatorial currents. In: Steele JH, Thorpe SA, Turekian KK (eds) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 1st edn. Academic, New York, pp 188–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Randall JE (1981) Scaridae. In: Fischer W, Bianchi G, Scott WB (eds) FAO Species Identification Sheets for Fishery Purposes - Eastern Central Atlantic; fishing areas 34, 47 (in part), vol 3. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  29. Robertson DR, Karg F, Leao de Moura R, Victor BC, Bernardi G (2006) Mechanisms of speciation and faunal enrichment in Atlantic parrotfishes. Mol Phylogenet Evol 40(3):795–807. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.04.011 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Robertson DR, Van Tassel J (2012) Fishes: Greater Caribbean. An identification guide to the shore-fish fauna of the Caribbean and adjacent areas. IOS App version 1.0 https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/fishes-greater-caribbean/id570048678?mt=8
  31. Rocha LA (2002) Brazilian Reef Fishes. In: Humann P, Deloach N (eds) Reef Fish Identification – Florida, Caribbean and Bahamas. New World, JacksonvilleGoogle Scholar
  32. Rocha LA (2003) Patterns of distribution and processes of speciation in Brazilian reef fishes. J Biogeogr 30(8):1161–1171. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2003.00900.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Rocha LA (2004) Mitochondrial DNA and color pattern variation in three Western Atlantic Halichoeres (Labridae), with the revalidation of two species. Copeia 2004(4):770–782. doi:10.1643/CG-04-106 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rocha LA, Rocha CR, Robertson DR, Bowen BW (2008) Comparative phylogeography of Atlantic reef fishes indicates both origin and accumulation of diversity in the Caribbean. BMC Evol Biol 8(157):1–16. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-157 Google Scholar
  35. Rocha LA, Brito A, Robertson DR (2012) Sparisoma choati, a new species of Parrotfish (Labridae: Scarinae) from the tropical eastern Atlantic. Zootaxa 3152:61–67Google Scholar
  36. Scheltema RS (1986) On dispersal and planktonic larvae of benthic invertebrates: An eclectic overview and summary of problems. Bull Mar Sci 39(2):290–322Google Scholar
  37. Stramma L (2001) Current systems in the Atlantic Ocean. In: Steele JH, Thorpe SA, Turekian KK (eds) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 1st edn. Academic, New York, pp 589–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Vellend M (2010) Conceptual synthesis in community ecology. Q Rev Biol 85(2):183–206. doi:10.1086/652373 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Vermeij GJ (1991) When biotas meet: understanding biotic interchange. Science 253(5024):1099–1104. doi:10.1126/science.253.5024.1099 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Vermeij GJ (2005) Invasion as Expectation: A historical fact of life. In: Sax DF, Stachowicz JJ, Gaines SD (eds) Species invasions: insights into ecology, evolution and biogeography. Sinauer, Sunderland, pp 315–339Google Scholar
  41. Vermeij GJ, Rosenberg G (1993) Giving and receiving: the tropical Atlantic as donor and recipient region for invading species. Am Malacol Bull 10:181–194Google Scholar
  42. Wilk K (2003) Fishes of the Caribbean and adjacent waters. ReefNet, Mississauga, Ontario. Available from: www.reefnet.ca
  43. Wirtz P (2003) New records of marine invertebrates from São Tomé Island (Gulf of Guinea). J Mar Biol Assoc UK 83(4):735–736. doi:10.1017/S0025315403007720h CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wirtz P, Ferreira CEL, Floeter SR, Fricke R, Gasparini JL, Iwamoto T, Rocha LA, Sampaio CL, Schliewen U (2007) Coastal fishes of São Tomé and Príncipe – an update. Zootaxa 1523:1–48Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rui Freitas
    • 1
    • 7
  • Osmar J. Luiz
    • 2
  • Pericles N. Silva
    • 3
  • Sergio R. Floeter
    • 4
  • Giacomo Bernardi
    • 5
  • Carlos E. L. Ferreira
    • 6
  1. 1.Departamento de Engenharias e Ciências do MarUniversidade de Cabo VerdeMindeloCabo Verde
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Instituto Nacional de Desenvolvimento das PescasMindeloCabo Verde
  4. 4.Departamento de Ecologia e ZoologiaUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaSanta CruzUSA
  6. 6.Departamento de Biologia MarinhaUniversidade Federal FluminenseNiteróiBrazil
  7. 7.Departamento de Ecologia Y Biologia Animal, Facultad de Ciencias del MarUniversidad de VigoVigoSpain

Personalised recommendations