Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 473–479 | Cite as

Two new genera and species of the monothalamous foraminifera from coastal waters of the Black Sea

  • O. V. Anikeeva
  • N. G. Sergeeva
  • A. J. GoodayEmail author
Original Paper


We describe two new genera and species of monothalamous foraminifera from the Crimean region and the north-western part of the Black Sea. The test of Bellarium rotundus gen. et sp. nov. is up to 650 μm long, more or less rounded to broadly oval, and with terminal necks ending in apertures that are often flared. The organic wall is very thin, without agglutination. The protoplasm is finely granular, homogeneous, with many vacuoles and foreign inclusions and a small (25–80 μm) nucleus. The presence of two terminal apertures and the organic wall are the features reminiscent of two other organic-walled genera, Shepheardella and Tinogullmia. However, the test of the new genus is much more rounded than that of either of these two genera, and the apertural structures are different. The test of the second new genus and species, Krymia fusiformis gen. et sp. nov., is elongated, up to 470 μm long and spindle-shaped, with two apertures situated at the ends of terminal, tubular extensions of the test. The wall is flexible and composed of organic material overlain by finely agglutinated particles. Long, needle-like spicular structures, possibly ingested particles, are often visible within the cytoplasm. Krymia differs from Phainogullmia in the more clearly spindle-like test shape and the nature of the test wall. These two new species increase the number of monothalamous foraminifera described from the Black Sea to ten, although many others remain undescribed.


Allogromiids Saccamminids Monothalamous foraminifera Meiobenthos The Black Sea 



This work was partly supported from EC 7th FP project HYPOX 226213. We are grateful to L.F. Luk’yanova and T.N. Kosheleva for assistance in analyzing the samples and three anonymous reviewers for comments that helped to improve the manuscript. We also thank N.K. Revkov and Brian Bett for their help in the scheme-map creation.


  1. Adl SM, Simpson AGB, Lane CE, Lukes L, Bass D et al (2012) The revised classification of eukaryotes. J Eukaryot Microbiol 59:429–493PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anikeeva OV (2003) Monothalamous soft-shelled foraminifera in Sevastopol Bay (Crimea, the Black Sea): Biodiversity of Coastal Marine Ecosystems. Functional Aspects (High-level Scientific Conference, Renesse, May 11-15, 2003). Renesse: Abstr, pp 69–70Google Scholar
  3. Anikeeva OV (2005) Psammophaga simplora – foraminiferal species from the family Saccamminidae new for the Black Sea. Vestn Zool 39:67–69 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Anikeeva OV (2007) Taxonomical composition and seasonal dynamic of the soft-shelled foraminifera in the Sevastopol Bay (the Black Sea). Ecol Morya 74:5–9Google Scholar
  5. Cedhagen T, Gooday AJ, Pawlowski J (2009) A new genus and two new species of saccamminid foraminiferans (Protista, Rhizaria) from the deep Southern Ocean. Zootaxa 2096:9–22Google Scholar
  6. Dupuy C, Rossignol L, Geslin E, Pascal P (2010) Predation of mudflat meio-macrofaunal metazoans by a calcareous foraminifer, Ammonia tepida (Cushman 1926). J Foraminifer Res 40:305–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Golemansky VG (1999) Lagynis pontica n. sp., a new monothalamous rhizopod (Granuloreticulosea: Lagynidae) from the Black Sea littoral. Acta Zool Bulgar 51:3–13Google Scholar
  8. Gooday AJ (1986) Meiofaunal foraminiferans from the bathyal Porcupine Seabight: size structure, taxonomic composition, species diversity and vertical distribution in the sediment. Deep-Sea Res 33:1345–1373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gooday AJ (1990) Tinogullmia riemanni sp. nov. (Allogromiina; Foraminiferida), a new species associated with organic detritus in the deep-sea. Bull Br Mus Nat Hist (Zool) 56:93–103Google Scholar
  10. Gooday AJ (2002) Organic-walled allogromiids: aspects of their occurrence, diversity and ecology in marine habitats. J Foraminifer Res 32:384–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gooday AJ, Pawlowski J (2004) Conqueria laevis gen. & sp. nov., a new soft-walled, monothalamous foraminiferan from the deep Weddell Sea. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 84:919–924CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gooday AJ, Holzmann M, Guiard J, Cornelius N, Pawlowski (2004) A new monothalamous foraminiferan from 1000-6300 m water depth in the Weddell Sea: morphological and molecular characterisation. Deep-Sea Res II 51:1603–1616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gooday AJ, Anikeeva OV, Sergeeva NG (2006) Tinogullmia lukyanovae sp. nov. – a monothalamous, organic-walled foraminiferan from the coastal Black Sea. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 86:43–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gooday AJ, Anikeeva OV, Pawlowski J (2011) New genera and species of monothalamous foraminifera from Balaclava and Kazach’ya Bays (Crimean peninsula, Black Sea). Mar Biodivers 41:481–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Habura A, Pawlowski J, Hanes SD, Bowser SS (2004) Unexpected foraminiferal diversity revealed by small-subunit rDNA analysis of Antarctic sediment. J Eucaryot Microbiol 51:173–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Habura A, Goldstein ST, Broderick S, Bowser SS (2008) A bush, not a tree: the extraordinary diversity of cold-water basal foraminiferans extends to warm-water environments. Limnol Oceanogr 53:1339–1351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kaminski MA (2004) The year 2000 classification of agglutinated foraminifera. In: Bubik M, and Kaminski MA (eds) Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on Agglutinated Foraminifera. Grzybowski Foundation Special Publication, 8, pp 237–255Google Scholar
  18. Loeblich AR, Tappan H (1987) Foraminiferal genera and their classification, vol 1–2. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Majewski W, Lecroq B, Sinniger F, Pawlowski J (2007) Monothalamous foraminifera from Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Pol Polar Res 28:187–210Google Scholar
  20. Nyholm K-G (1955) Studies on Recent Allogromiidae (4): Phainogullmia aurata n.g., n.sp. Zool Bidr från Upps 30:465–474Google Scholar
  21. Pawlowski J (2000) Introduction to the molecular systematics of foraminifera. Micropaleontology 46(Suppl. 1):1–12Google Scholar
  22. Pawlowski J, Fahrni J, Brykczynska U, Habura A, Bowser SS (2002) Molecular data reveal high taxonomic diversity of allogromiid foraminifera in Explorers Cove (McMurdo Sound, Antarctica). Polar Biol 25:96–105Google Scholar
  23. Pawlowski J, Holzmann M, Berney FC, Gooday AJ, Cedhagen T, Habura A, Bowser SS (2003) The evolution of early Foraminifera. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 100:11494–11498PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sabbatini A, Morigi C, Negri A, Gooday AJ (2007) Distribution and biodiversity of living benthic foraminifera, including monothalamous taxa, from Tempelfjord, Svalbard. J Foraminifer Res 37:93–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sergeeva NG, Anikeeva OV (2006) Soft-shelled foraminiferan (Protozoa: Rhizopoda, Allogromiinae) from the Black Sea: species composition and distribution. Ecol Morya 72:47–56 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  26. Sergeeva NG, Anikeeva OV (2008) Goodayia rostellatum gen. nov. sp. n. (Protozoa) – a monothalamous foraminiferan from the Black Sea. Vestn Zool 42:467–471 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  27. Sergeeva NG, Kolesnikova EA (1996) Results of the study of the Black Sea meiobenthos. Ecol Morya 45:54–62 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  28. Sergeeva NG, Anikeeva OV, Gooday AJ (2005) The monothalamous foraminiferan Tinogullmia in the Black Sea. Micropaleontology 24:191–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sergeeva NG, Anikeeva OV, Gooday AJ (2010) Soft-shelled monothalamous foraminifera from the oxic/anoxic interface (NW Black Sea). Micropaleontology 56:393–407Google Scholar
  30. Siddall JD (1880) On Shephaerdella, an undescribed type of marine Rhizopoda; with a few observations on Lieberkühnia. Q J Microsc Sci 20:131–145, pls 16–17Google Scholar
  31. Suhr SB, Alexander SP, Gooday AJ, Pond DW, Bowser SS (2008) Trophic modes of large Antarctic foraminifera: roles of carnivory, omnivory, and detritivory. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 371:155–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. V. Anikeeva
    • 1
  • N. G. Sergeeva
    • 1
  • A. J. Gooday
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, NAS UkraineSevastopolUkraine
  2. 2.National Oceanography Centre, SouthamptonUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

Personalised recommendations