Advertisement

Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 53–59 | Cite as

Distribution of gall crabs inhabiting mushroom corals on Semporna reefs, Malaysia

  • Sancia E. T. van der Meij
  • Bert W. Hoeksema
Biodiversity of Coral Reefs

Abstract

Coral reef cryptofauna forms an important component of tropical marine biodiversity, consisting primarily of invertebrates dwelling in and on corals. During a survey carried out around the Semporna peninsula (Sabah, NE Borneo), the occurrence of gall crabs inhabiting mushroom corals was examined on reefs ranging from sheltered to exposed conditions. Out of 44 fungiid species, 19 were found to be associated with gall crabs. The gall crabs were observed at 85 % of the 62 studied sites, and their occurrence rates per site ranged between 0 and 25 %. High occupancy rates were almost equally distributed over the northern (sheltered) and southern (exposed) sites. Sites without gall crabs were all wave-exposed and predominantly under the influence of disturbances, such as blast fishing or relatively high nutrient loads.

Keywords

Associated fauna Dacryomaia Fungicola Sabah Scleractinia Species richness 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The 2010 Semporna Marine Ecological Expedition was jointly organized by WWF-Malaysia, Universiti Malaysia Sabah’s Borneo Marine Research Institute, Universiti Malaya’s Institute of Biological Sciences and the Naturalis Biodiversity Center, and was funded through WWF-Malaysia. The research permits for Malaysia were granted by the Prime Minister’s Department, Economic Planning Unit Sabah, Sabah Parks and Department of Fisheries Sabah. We thank the reviewers and Zarinah Waheed (Naturalis) for their constructive remarks on the manuscript.

References

  1. Bos AR (2012) Fishes (Gobiidae and Labridae) associated with the mushroom coral Heliofungia actiniformis (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) in the Philippines. Coral Reefs 31:133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carricart-Ganivet JP, Carrera-Parra LF, Quan-Young LI, García-Madrigal MS (2004) Ecological note on Troglocarcinus corallicola (Brachyura: Cryptochiridae) living in symbiosis with Manicina areolata (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) in the Mexican Caribbean. Coral Reefs 23:215–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Clarke KR, Gorley RN (2006) PRIMER v6: user manual/tutorial. PRIMER-E, PlymouthGoogle Scholar
  4. Erftemeijer PLA, Riegl B, Hoeksema BW, Todd PA (2012) Environmental impacts of dredging and other sediment disturbances on corals: a review. Mar Pollut Bull 64:1737–1765PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fize A, Serène R (1957) Les hapalocarcinides du Viet-Nam. Mém Inst Océanogr Nhatrang 10:1–202Google Scholar
  6. Gittenberger A, Hoeksema BW (2013) Habitat preferences of coral-associated wentletrap snails (Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Contrib Zool (in press)Google Scholar
  7. Gittenberger A, Reijnen BT, Hoeksema BW (2011) A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. Contrib Zool 80:107–132Google Scholar
  8. Hoeksema BW (1989) Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zool Verh 254:1–295Google Scholar
  9. Hoeksema BW (1991a) Control of bleaching in mushroom coral populations (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) in the Java Sea: stress tolerance and interference by life history strategy. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 74:225–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hoeksema BW (1991b) Evolution of body size in mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) and its ecomorphological consequences. Neth J Zool 41:122–139Google Scholar
  11. Hoeksema BW (2007) Delineation of the Indo-Malayan centre of maximum marine biodiversity: the Coral Triangle. In: Renema W (ed) Biogeography, time and place: distributions, barriers and islands. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 117–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hoeksema BW (2012) Distribution patterns of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) across the Spermonde Shelf, South Sulawesi. Raffles Bull Zool 60:183–212Google Scholar
  13. Hoeksema BW, Koh EGL (2009) Depauperation of the mushroom coral fauna (Fungiidae) of Singapore (1860 s–2006) in changing reef conditions. Raffles Bull Zool Suppl 22:91–101Google Scholar
  14. Hoeksema BW, Moka W (1989) Species assemblages and ecomorph variation of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) related to reef habitats in the Flores Sea. Neth J Sea Res 23:149–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hoeksema BW, van der Meij SET (2013) Gall crab city: an aggregation of endosymbiotic crabs inhabiting a colossal colony of Pavona clavus. Coral Reefs. doi: 10.1007/s00338-012-0954-4
  16. Hoeksema BW, van der Meij SET, Fransen CHJM (2012) The mushroom coral as a habitat. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 92:647–663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Johnsson R, Neves E, Franco GMO, da Silveira FL (2006) The association of two gall crabs (Brachyura: Cryptochiridae) with the reef-building coral Siderastrea stellata Verrill, 1868. Hydrobiologia 559:379–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kramarsky-Winter E, Galil BS, Loya Y (1995) Biology and ecology of the cryptic cryptochirid crab Fungicola fagei and its free-living coral host Fungia granulosa. Israel J Zool 41:94–95Google Scholar
  19. Kropp RK (1990) Revision of the genera of gall crabs (Crustacea: Cryptochiridae) occurring in the Pacific Ocean. Pac Sci 44:417–448Google Scholar
  20. Kropp RK, Manning RB (1987) The Atlantic gall crabs, family cryptochiridae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Smithson Contrib Zool 462:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Oigman-Pszczol SS, Creed JC (2006) Distribution and abundance of fauna on living tissues of two Brazilian hermatypic corals (Mussismilia hispida (Verril, 1902) and Siderastrea stellata Verril, 1868). Hydrobiologia 563:143–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sebens KP (1994) Biodiversity of coral-reefs: what are we losing and why? Am Zool 34:115–133Google Scholar
  23. Simon-Blecher N, Achituv Y (1997) Relationship between the coral pit crab Cryptochirus coralliodytes Heller and its host coral. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 215:93–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Stella JS, Jones GP, Pratchett MS (2010) Variation in the structure of epifaunal invertebrate assemblages among coral hosts. Coral Reefs 29:957–973CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stella JS, Pratchett MS, Hutchings PA, Jones GP (2011) Coral-associated invertebrates: diversity, ecological importance and vulnerability to disturbance. Oceanogr Mar Biol Annu Rev 49:43–104Google Scholar
  26. van der Meij SET (2012) Host preferences, colour patterns and distribution records of Pseudocryptochirus viridis Hiro, 1938 (Decapoda, Cryptochiridae). Crustaceana 85:769–777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. van der Meij SET, Suharsono, Hoeksema BW (2010) Long-term changes in coral assemblages under natural and anthropogenic stress in Jakarta Bay (1920–2005). Mar Pollut Bull 60:1442–1454PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Waheed Z, Hoeksema BW (2013) A tale of two winds: species richness patterns of reef corals around the Semporna peninsula, Malaysia. Mar Biodivers. doi: 10.1007/s12526-012-0130-7

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sancia E. T. van der Meij
    • 1
  • Bert W. Hoeksema
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine ZoologyNaturalis Biodiversity CenterLeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations