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Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 471–479 | Cite as

Diversity, abundance and seasonal variation of the ichthyofauna associated with shrimp farming in a tropical estuary in northeastern Brazil

  • Marcos F. Costa
  • Marcos R. Camara
Original Paper
  • 414 Downloads

Abstract

The precarious nature of the existing data on marine fish diversity on a global scale is accentuated in tropical areas, where taxonomic inventories of fish species are particularly incomplete. In the present study, we investigated the diversity, abundance and seasonal variation of the ichthyofauna associated with shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei Boone, 1931) farming in a tropical estuary in northeastern Brazil. The experimental data were obtained at an aquaculture farm located on margins of the Guaraíras lagoon (06°12′S, 35°09′W) in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. We sampled four shrimp culture cycles carried out from April to November 2005 during the rainy and dry seasons. Fishes were harvested at the termination of each culture cycle. We collected 36,681 fishes, comprising 26 families and 54 species. Shrimp culture cycles conducted in the dry season presented a more diverse fish community, albeit less abundant, than culture cycles carried out in the wet period. The most abundant families were Engraulidae in the wet season and Scianidae in the dry period. Juveniles of the engraulid Lycengraulis grossidens (Agassiz, 1989), a marine migrant, represented 87.67 % of total abundance in the wet season and 35.26 % of all individuals in the dry period. In conclusion, this study provides evidence of an abundant and diverse ichthyofauna associated with shrimp farming in northeastern Brazil. It also points to the necessity of finding alternatives to mitigate the entrainment of larval and juvenile fishes in shrimp ponds.

Keywords

Fishes Diversity Ecology Shrimp farming Brazil 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank José Garcia Júnior for providing valuable laboratorial assistance in the identification of several fish species, Flavo Elano Soares de Souza for collaborating with the artwork, and Alexandre Alter Wainberg, owner and manager of the aquaculture farm on which this study was carried out for his cooperation. We also express our gratitude to the two expert reviewers who provided valuable comments on this article. This work was derived from a portion of a MSc dissertation by Marcos F. Costa.

Ethical standards

We hereby declare that the experiments of this manuscript comply with the current laws of Brazil, the country in which they were performed.

Conflict of interest

We hereby declare that we have no conflict of interest related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript or any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de Pós-graduação em Ecologia, Departmento de Oceanografia e LimnologiaUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil

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