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Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 395–411 | Cite as

The marine fishes of Jan Mayen Island, NE Atlantic – past and present

  • Rupert M. Wienerroither
  • Kjell H. Nedreaas
  • Franz Uiblein
  • Jørgen S. Christiansen
  • Ingvar Byrkjedal
  • Oleg Karamushko
Marine Biodiversity under Change

Abstract

Jan Mayen Island was already the focus of science during the First International Polar Year in 1882–1883, even though fish biodiversity played only a minor role. Marine investigations were conducted at irregular intervals until the area was covered by the routine research activities of the Institute of Marine Research (IMR). The objective of this paper is to present an annotated list of species recorded in the Fisheries Zone around Jan Mayen, and to give an overview of the change in species composition and distribution. The data are based on scientific collections, literature citings and the IMR database. Between 1877 and 2009, 71 fish species have been recorded in the area, of which 43 are documented by voucher specimens. The zoarcid species Lycenchelys platyrhina is endemic to the area. Results show an increase in the number of species over the last 40 years, 40 of the 71 species were registered for the first time after 1970. This, on the one hand, is due to complete catch registration and better species identification, and on the other hand, to an enlargement of the species’ distribution area and immigration into the Jan Mayen area of other species. The data provides basic information for future monitoring of the area, especially as the polar regions may be strongly affected by climate change, which may have an impact on species abundance and distribution.

Keywords

Annotated review Greenlandic sea Norwegian sea Arctic sea 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank Otte Bjelland and Natalia Chernova for help in species identification and various comments, and Michaela Aschan for providing data on the shrimp surveys. We are especially grateful to all the curators, staff members and contact persons of the following institutions for providing loans or information on specimens: BMNH London, MNHN Paris, NMW Vienna, SIO La Jolla, TSZP Tromsø, VSM Trondheim, ZIN St. Petersburg, ZMH Hamburg, ZMMU Moscow, ZMUB Bergen, ZMUC Copenhagen, and ZMUO Oslo. We appreciate the valuable suggestions that were made by Catherine W. Mecklenburg and an anonymous reviewer. This study was funded by a Norwegian Research Council Personal Visiting Researcher Grant (project no. 184939). The study forms part of the TUNU-MAFIG Programme, University of Tromsø.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg, Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rupert M. Wienerroither
    • 1
  • Kjell H. Nedreaas
    • 1
  • Franz Uiblein
    • 1
  • Jørgen S. Christiansen
    • 2
  • Ingvar Byrkjedal
    • 3
  • Oleg Karamushko
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Marine ResearchBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of Arctic and Marine BiologyUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway
  3. 3.Natural History Collections, Bergen MuseumUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  4. 4.Murmansk Marine Biological InstituteMurmanskRussia

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