Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 215–225 | Cite as

A new, disjunct species of Speleonectes (Remipedia, Crustacea) from the Canary Islands

  • Stefan KoenemannEmail author
  • Armin Bloechl
  • Alejandro Martínez
  • Thomas M. Iliffe
  • Mario Hoenemann
  • Pedro Oromí
Original Paper


We describe Speleonectes atlantida n. sp. as the third species of Remipedia that was found outside the main distribution area of this group in the Caribbean region. S. atlantida was collected by cave divers equipped with closed circuit rebreathers from the far interior of the Túnel de la Atlántida, an anchialine volcanic lava tube, on the Canarian island of Lanzarote. The new species occurs in sympatry with S. ondinae, to which it is morphologically closely related. S. atlantida can be distinguished from S. ondinae by a more slender habitus and smaller pleurotergites in the posterior trunk. The valid status of S. atlantida as a new species of Remipedia could be corroborated by intra- and interspecific comparisons of 16S rDNA and CO1 sequence data.


Marine biogeography Anchialine cave Sub-seafloor cave Lava tube 



The local Environmental Service of the Cabildo de Lanzarote assisted in gaining access to the Túnel de la Atlántida for diving and collecting samples, and the Consejería de Medio Ambiente of the Canary Government provided the permit to collect endangered species. This study was supported by grants from the German Research Foundation to S. Koenemann (DFG KO 3483/1-1), the US National Science Foundation to T. Iliffe (DEB-0315903), and the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencias (CGL 2006-01365).


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Copyright information

© Senckenberg, Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Koenemann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Armin Bloechl
    • 1
  • Alejandro Martínez
    • 3
  • Thomas M. Iliffe
    • 2
  • Mario Hoenemann
    • 1
  • Pedro Oromí
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Animal Ecology and Cell BiologyUniversity of Veterinary Medicine HannoverHannoverGermany
  2. 2.Department of Marine BiologyTexas A&M University at GalvestonGalvestonUSA
  3. 3.Departamento de Biología AnimalUniversidad de La LagunaLa LagunaSpain

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