Research output availability on academic social networks: implications for stakeholders in academic publishing
- 957 Downloads
A recent disruption in academic publishing are Academic Social Networks (ASN), i.e. web platforms such as ResearchGate and Academia.edu that have provided new ways for researchers to disseminate, search for, and retrieve research articles. ASNs are still a grey area in terms of implications for involved stakeholders, and research on them has so far been scarce. In an effort to map out factors related to ASN use this article provides a multi-method case study of one business school (Hanken School of Economics, Finland) that incorporates 1) a bibliometric analysis on the full-text availability of research output on ASNs for research published 2012–2014 by Hanken affiliated authors, 2) semi-structured interviews with faculty active in publishing in order to gain insight into motivations for use and use patterns, and 3) a survey distributed to all research-active faculty and doctoral students in order to gain a wider perspective on ASN use. ASNs have for many become the primary way to provide access to one’s research output, outpacing all other types of online locations such as personal websites and repositories. Based on the case study findings, earlier research, and recent industry developments, the article concludes with a discussion about the implications that the current trajectory of ASN use has on major stakeholders in academic publishing.
KeywordsAcademic social networks Academia.edu ResearchGate Open access
JEL ClassificationI2 Education and Research Institutions Research and Development Technological Change Intellectual Property Rights L5 Regulation and Industrial Policy
This research was conducted as part of a project funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture in Finland (OKM/40/524/2015 DOCID:252381).
- Academia.edu (2016) About Academia.edu. https://www.academia.edu/about. Retrieved 4th February 2016.
- Archambault, E., Amyot, D., Deschamps, P., Nicol, A., Provencher, F., Rebout, L., & Roberge, G. (2014). Proportion of Open Access Papers Published in Peer-Reviewed Journals at the European and World Levels: 1996–2013 (41p.). Produced for the European Commission DG Research & Innovation. http://www.science-metrix.com/pdf/SM_EC_OA_Availability_2004-2011.pdf.
- blogs.scientificamerican.com (2012) Interview with Richard Price, Academia.edu CEO. Interview by Hadas Shema. Published October 31 2012. https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/information-culture/interview-with-richard-price-academia-edu-ceo/
- Bullinger, A., Renken, U., & Möslein, K. (2011). Understanding online collaboration technology adoption by researchers-a model and empirical study. ICIS 2011 Proceedings. Paper 2. http://aisel.aisnet.org/icis2011/proceedings/onlinecommunity/2.
- Elsevier (2016) Elsevier Acquires the Social Science Research Network (SSRN). Press Release 17th of May 2016. http://www.relx.com/mediacentre/pressreleases/2016/Pages/elsevier-acquires-ssrn.aspx.
- Elsever.com (2016) Share Links. https://www.elsevier.com/authors/journal-authors/share-link. Accessed 7th of June 2016.
- eventbrite.co.uk (2015) Why Are We Not Boycotting Academia.edu? Seminar organized on the 8th of December 2015 by The Centre for Disruptive Media, Coventry University, UK. https://web.archive.org/web/20160108221346/http://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/why-are-we-not-boycotting-academiaedu-tickets-19653143080.
- Hanken.fi (2014) Hanken in Figures. http://www.hanken.fi/en/about-hanken/hanken/hanken-figures. Accessed 26 Feb 2016.
- howcanishareit.com (2016) How Can I Share It? STM Association. http://www.howcanishareit.com. Accessed 7th June 2016.
- Martín-Martín, A., Orduña-Malea, E., Ayllón, J.M. & Delgado López-Cózar, E. (2014). Does Google Scholar contain all highly cited documents (1950–2013)?‖. EC3 Working Papers, 19. http://arxiv.org/pdf/1410.8464v4.pdf.
- Matthewsa, D. (2016) Elsevier denies it will force SSRN users on to other services. Times Higher Education. May 19th 2016. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/elsevier-denies-it-will-force-ssrn-users-other-services.
- Matthewsb, D. (2016) Do academic social networks share academics’interests? Times Higher Education. April 7th 2016. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/features/do-academic-social-networks-share-academics-interests
- ResearchGate (2016). ResearchGate Fact Sheet. http://www.researchgate.net/aboutus.AboutUsPress.downloadFile.html?name=rg_fact_sheet.pdf. Retrieved 4th February 2016.
- STM (2015). Voluntary principles for article sharing on scholarly collaboration networks. http://www.stm-assoc.org/2015_06_08_Voluntary_principles_for_article_sharing_on_scholarly_collaboration_networks.pdf. Accessed 7th June 2016.
- Swan, A. (2010) Modelling Scholarly Communication Options: Costs and benefits for universities. http://repository.jisc.ac.uk/id/eprint/442.
- van Westrienen, G., and Lynch, CA. (2005) Academic Institutional Repositories: Deployment Status in 13 Nations as of Mid-2005. D-Lib Magazine 11(9). Available from http://www.dlib. org/dlib/september05/westrienen/09westrienen.html.
- Ware, M., and Mabe, M. (2015) The STM report - An overview of scientific and scholarly journal publishing. Accessed 29th of February 2016. http://www.stm-assoc.org/2015_02_20_STM_Report_2015.pdf.