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Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 2347–2365 | Cite as

Compositional analysis of Late Medieval glass from the western Balkan and eastern Adriatic hinterland

  • Nikolina TopićEmail author
  • Iva Bogdanović Radović
  • Stjepko Fazinić
  • Žiga Šmit
  • Mirsad Sijarić
  • Ljubomir Gudelj
  • Tonči Burić
Original Paper
  • 93 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, we investigate on the origin of Late Medieval glass from 12 previously and recently excavated archaeological sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina and South Croatia (Dalmatia). The present work aims to contribute to filling the data gap on the glass distribution in the Balkan region, as well as to provide new insights on glass trade and its impact in the region. Up to now, the knowledge of Medieval glass from the western Balkan (Bosnia up to Bobovac) and eastern Adriatic hinterland (Dalmatian hinterland between Zadar and Dubrovnik, and Herzegovina) remained limited. The lack of archaeometrical data caused limited comparisons with similar materials from other regions in which Venetian glass was used. A representative sample set of 129 glass fragments from the second half of the fourteenth century to the beginning of the fifteenth century was analysed by combined particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) and particle-induced gamma-ray emission (PIGE) measurements. The studied glass vessels are mostly different from the characteristic Venetian shapes, but they are made with Venetian raw glass, demonstrating the Venetian vitrum blanchum was already widespread in the Adriatic in the second half of the fourteenth-beginning of the fifteenth c. An open question remains whether the origin of the glass vessel production was specifically Venetian or local by adopting the Venetian technology and importing the raw materials.

Keywords

Eastern Adriatic hinterland (Dalmatia Herzegovina) Western Balkan (Bosnia) Late medieval Glass PIXE PIGE 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We express our gratitude to Vedrana Delonga of the Museum of Croatian archaeological monuments in Split for granting permission to analyse glass fragments from the excavation of Bribir, as well as to the director of the museum, Ante Milošević. We also thank Mr. Toni Glučina, director of the Archaeological Museum Narona, for providing glass finds from Vid near Metković. All fragments were analysed at Ruđer Bošković Institute in Zagreb and Jožef Stefan Institute in Ljubljana. For editing the text, we thank Ms. Meredith Olivia Terry, M.D., as well as to anonymous referee.

Funding information

The work of Ž. Šmit was supported by the Slovenian Research Agency (research core funding No. P6-0283).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018
corrected publication 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Freelance ArchaeologistZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Laboratory for Ion Beam Interactions, Division of Experimental PhysicsRuđer Bošković InstituteZagrebCroatia
  3. 3.Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  4. 4.Jožef Stefan InstituteLjubljanaSlovenia
  5. 5.National Museum of Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina
  6. 6.Museum of Croatian Archaeological MonumentsSplitCroatia
  7. 7.Kaštel LukšićCroatia

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