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Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 1589–1597 | Cite as

Nondestructive testing of two jade huangs unearthed at the Kuahuqiao Neolithic site

  • Jiangtao Qu
  • Bingjian ZhangEmail author
  • Jian Wu
  • Leping Jiang
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Abstract

To explore the unique status of jade articles unearthed at the Kuahuqiao Neolithic site (~ 8200 to 7000 years ago), this paper studies the material and production processes of two pieces of jade unearthed there. In this study, micro-spot observation using a video microscope and nondestructive methods such as energy-dispersive handheld-type X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry, infrared spectrometry, and Raman spectroscopy were performed. The result of the experiment showed that the two jade huangs had plain surfaces without grain. Moreover, the jade huangs were composed mainly of sericite. The huangs were found to have been produced using wire cutting and solid drilling (both single-faced and double-faced), and the entire surface of each huang was polished. We also examined early jade huangs unearthed elsewhere in China and found that the jade culture in southern China may have developed independently. These two jade huangs are also important evidence for the formation and development of an early jade culture in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.

Keywords

Kuahuqiao Neolithic sites Nondestructive testing Micro-trace analysis Jade manufacturing 

Notes

Funding

This work was financially supported by the Conservation Science and Technology Project of Zhejiang Provincial Administration of Cultural Heritage (2016).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cultural Relics and MuseologyZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Kuahuqiao Neolithic Sites MuseumHangzhouChina
  4. 4.Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and ArchaeologyHangzhouChina

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