Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 1571–1575 | Cite as

Heat transfer properties of post-medieval crucibles

  • Anno HeinEmail author
  • Vassilis Kilikoglou
  • Marcos Martinón-Torres
Brief Report


In the present case study, the thermal conductivity of two post-medieval crucibles was determined. The investigated crucible fragments represented two broadly contemporary production sites, Großalmerode and Obernzell, which were employing different types of raw materials (sand tempered kaolinitic clays and natural graphitic clays, respectively) and different firing conditions. The samples were part of a larger assemblage, which had been studied in view of production technology and function of pyrotechnical ceramics in post-medieval Europe and in view of dissemination of products from different production centers. The study results were expected to provide complementary information regarding the technology and use of the crucibles.


Crucibles Post-medieval Mullite Graphite Heat transfer Thermal conductivity 


  1. Allegretta I, Eramo G, Pinto D, Hein A (2017) The effect of mineralogy, microstructure and firing temperature on the thermal conductivity of traditional hot processing ceramics. Appl Clay Sci 135:260–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bayley J, Rehren T (2007) Towards a functional and typological classification of crucibles. In: LaNiece S, Hook D, Craddock PT (eds) Metals and mines. Studies in Archaeometallurgy, Archetype, British Museum, London, pp 46–55Google Scholar
  3. Freestone IC (1989) Refractory materials and their procurement. In: Hauptmann A, Pernicka E, Wagner GA (eds) Old world archaeometallurgy. Der Anschnitt Beiheft 7, Deutsches Bergbaumuseum, Bochum, pp 155–162Google Scholar
  4. Hein A, Karatasios I, Müller NS, Kilikoglou V (2013) Heat transfer properties of pyrotechnical ceramics used in ancient metallurgy. Thermochim Acta 573(10):87–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kilikoglou V, Vekinis G, Maniatis Y, Day PM (1998) Mechanical performance of quatz-tempered ceramics: part I, strength and toughness. Archaeometry 40(2):261–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Martinón-Torres M, Rehren T (2009) Post-medieval crucible production and distribution: a study of materials and materialities. Archaeometry 51(1):49–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Martinón-Torres M, Rehren T (2014) Technical ceramics. In: Roberts BJ, Thornton CP (eds) Archaeometallurgy in global perspective. Springer, New York, pp 107–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Martinón-Torres M, Rehren T, Freestone IC (2006) Mullite and the mystery of Hessian wares. Nature 444:437–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Martinón-Torres M, Freestone IC, Hunt A, Rehren T (2008) Mass-produced mullite crucibles in medieval Europe: manufacture and material properties. J Am Ceram Soc 91(6):2071–2074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Müller NS, Kilikoglou V, Day PM, Vekinis G (2014) Thermal shock resistance of tempered archaeological ceramics. In: Martinón-Torres M (ed) Craft and science: international perspectives on archaeological ceramics. Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation, DohaGoogle Scholar
  11. Uher C (1991) Thermal conductivity of pure semimetals and their dilute alloys. In: Madelung O, White GK (eds) Thermal conductivity of pure metals and alloys. Springer, Berlin, pp 402–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.N.C.S.R. “Demokritos”Institute of Nanoscience and NanotechnologyAtticaGreece
  2. 2.McDonald Institute for Archaeological ResearchUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations