New evidence for jute (Corchorus capsularis L.) in the Indus civilization

  • Rita P. WrightEmail author
  • David L. Lentz
  • Harriet F. Beaubien
  • Christine K. Kimbrough
Original Paper


In this paper, we report the results of an analysis of a preserved structure of jute on a ceramic artifact from the site of Harappa that is dated to 2200–1900 (cal.) BC (Fig. 1). Jute cloth has not previously been identified at this early date in the Indus civilization. Since fiber remains are rare in prehistoric South Asia, we briefly review the evidence for seed and fiber remains used in textile production in this region.


Jute cloth Corchorus capsularis L. Indus civilization 



Our thanks to Richard Meadow and Mark Kenoyer of the Harappa Archaeological Research Project and the Government of Pakistan, Department of Archaeology and Museums, for permission to study this sample and their comments on an earlier draft of this paper. Marlene Belengi assisted in preparation of the manuscript and figures.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rita P. Wright
    • 1
    Email author
  • David L. Lentz
    • 2
  • Harriet F. Beaubien
    • 3
  • Christine K. Kimbrough
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  3. 3.Museum Conservation InstituteSmithsonian InstitutionSuitlandUSA
  4. 4.EBI ConsultingBurlingtonUSA

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