The use of magnetometry and pole-dipole resistivity for locating Nabataean Hawar archeological site in the SW-Jordan
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This paper is focused on the joint use of magnetometry and pole-dipole electrical resistivity geophysical methods for assessing their capability in the detection of a prehistoric site in the southwestern Jordan. The survey area, Auara, was built in the first century BC during the Nabataean time and is located in a very arid environment framed on the east and north by white sandstone hills. In order to test this site, a number of magnetic stations and two pole-dipole resistivity traverses were carried out in the investigated area. Magnetic data were taken with one sensor at height of 0.8 m along survey lines spaced 1 m apart. Resistivity measurements were carried out utilizing the pole-dipole array along two profiles. A total of 32 geoelectrical stations spaced 2 m were made along the two profiles. Magnetic method found structure with contrasting physical properties to those of the surrounding material. The archeological interpretation of such structure is in terms of rectangular cistern (pool) with dimensions 26 × 16 m. A probable location of two buried walls spaced 16 m are indicated by low resistivity values.
KeywordsMagnetometry Pole-dipole resistivity Archeological investigation Jordan
The author wishes to thank Prof. M. Mukhopadhyay from the Department of Geology and Geophysics and two anonymous reviewers for comments that greatly improved this manuscript. Facilities provided by the Department of Geology and Geophysics, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia are acknowledged.
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