World Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 356–360 | Cite as

Effect of thimerosal on the neurodevelopment of premature rats

  • Yan-Ni Chen
  • Jue Wang
  • Jie Zhang
  • Su-Jiao Li
  • Li He
  • Dong-Dong Shao
  • Hui-Ying Du
Brief report



This study was undertaken to determine the effect of thimerosal on the neurodevelopment of premature rats.


Thimerosal was injected into premature SD rats at a dose of 32.8, 65.6, 98.4 or 131.2 μg/kg on postnatal day 1. Expression of dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) and serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT2AR), apoptosis in the prefrontal cortex on post-injection day 49, and learning and memory function were studied and compared with those in a control group injected with saline.


Expression of DRD4 and 5-HT2AR and learning function decreased, and apoptosis increased significantly in the 131.2 μg/kg group (P<0.001). Memory function was significantly impaired by 65.6 (P<0.05), 98.4 and 131.2 μg/kg (P<0.001).


The negative adverse consequences on neurodevelopment observed in the present study are consistent with previous studies; this study raised serious concerns about adverse neurodevelopmental disorder such as autism in humans following the ongoing worldwide routine administration of thimerosalcontaining vaccines to infants.

Key words

dopamine D4 receptor neurodevelopment serotonin 2A receptor thimerosal 


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Copyright information

© Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan-Ni Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jue Wang
    • 1
    • 1
  • Jie Zhang
    • 2
  • Su-Jiao Li
    • 1
  • Li He
    • 2
  • Dong-Dong Shao
    • 2
  • Hui-Ying Du
    • 2
  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, and Institute of Biomedical Engineering, School of Life Science and TechnologyXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Affiliated Xi’an Children’s Hospital of Medical College of Xi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

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