World Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 58–63 | Cite as

Assessment of nutrient intakes of picky-eating Chinese preschoolers using a modified food frequency questionnaire

  • Flora Yin-Ying Kwok
  • Yvonne Yi-Fong Ho
  • Chung-Mo Chow
  • Christabella Yat-Nam So
  • Ting-Fan Leung
Original article



Dietary assessment is crucial for monitoring nutritional status of young children. This study applied a modified Chinese food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess nutrient intakes of young picky-eating Hong Kong children.


Nutrient intakes were obtained by FFQ and 3-day food record (3DFR) in 29 picky-eating children aged 44.8±9.2 months who participated in a randomised controlled trial of a new milk formula.


When compared with 3DFR, FFQ over-reported energy intake by 283 kcal (26.5%) at baseline and 237 kcal (21.4%) at end-of-study, and also overestimated intakes of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. At baseline, FFQ and 3DFR classified 34.4%–65.5% of subjects into the same tertiles for most nutrients. These methods showed weak-to-moderate agreement in measuring most nutrients, with 3DFR showing a trend towards a systematic increase in the differences with increasing nutrient intake.


Our FFQ shows promising results for assessing nutrient intakes in picky-eating Chinese preschoolers.

Key words

Chinese food frequency questionnaire nutrition preschooler 


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Copyright information

© Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Flora Yin-Ying Kwok
    • 1
  • Yvonne Yi-Fong Ho
    • 1
  • Chung-Mo Chow
    • 1
  • Christabella Yat-Nam So
    • 2
  • Ting-Fan Leung
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsThe Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales HospitalShatin, Hong KongChina
  2. 2.University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsPrince of Wales HospitalShatin, N.T., Hong KongChina

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