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World Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 143–149 | Cite as

Poison exposure and outcome of children admitted to a pediatric emergency department

  • Yan-Ren Lin
  • Tung-Kung Wu
  • Tzu-An Liu
  • Chu-Chung Chou
  • Han-Ping WuEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Background

This paper reports the characteristics, outcomes and clinical features of children with poisoning treated at an emergency department (ED).

Methods

This retrospective study at an emergency department consisted of 140 children with poison exposure who were aged under 18 years. Their characteristics were analyzed in order to understand the differences between accidental and non-accidental poisoning. The poisonous materials were divided into two major categories (pharmaceuticals and non-pharmaceuticals) and their associations with patient outcomes were analyzed. Furthermore, the association was analyzed between the incidence of poison exposure and the season in which the poison exposure occurred.

Results

The incidence of poison exposure was highest among adolescents and pre-school age children. Nonaccidental poisoning was more common in older girls and accidental poisoning was more common in younger boys (P<0.001). Neurological system agents were the most common cause of poisoning in the pharmaceutical group and cleansing products were the most common cause of poisoning in the non-pharmaceutical group. Neurological and gastrointestinal symptoms were the most common clinical presentations for the pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical groups, respectively. Furthermore, poisoning due to cleansing products and analgesics were associated with the longest duration of hospitalization. March was the highest risk month for pediatric poisoning (P=0.018).

Conclusions

Cleansing products and analgesics were associated with the longest duration of hospitalization and intentional poison was more common in girls.

Key words

children cleansing products duration of hospitalization non-pharmaceuticals pharmaceuticals poison 

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Copyright information

© Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan-Ren Lin
    • 1
    • 3
  • Tung-Kung Wu
    • 3
  • Tzu-An Liu
    • 4
  • Chu-Chung Chou
    • 1
    • 5
  • Han-Ping Wu
    • 2
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineChanghua Christian HospitalChanghuaTaiwan, China
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsBuddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taichung BranchTaichungTaiwan, China
  3. 3.Department of Biological Science and Technology and Institute of Biochemical EngineeringNational Chiao Tung UniversityHsinchuTaiwan, China
  4. 4.Institute of Cellular and System MedicineNational Health Research InstitutesZhunan, Miaoli CountyTaiwan, China
  5. 5.Institute of MedicineChungshan Medical UniversityTaichungTaiwan, China
  6. 6.Institute of Clinical MedicineNational Yang-Ming UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  7. 7.Department of MedicineTzu Chi UniversityHualienTaiwan, China
  8. 8.Department of PediatricsBuddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taichung BranchTaichung CountyTaiwan, China

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