Exploring the dynamics of urban sprawl using geo-spatial indices: a study of English Bazar Urban Agglomeration, West Bengal

  • Ipsita DuttaEmail author
  • Arijit Das
Original Paper


The term “urban sprawl” can be defined in a number of ways. Traditionally, urban sprawls were described in qualitative terms. At present, geo-spatial indices are mostly used to measure and quantify “urban sprawl.” This study measures the extent and magnitude of “urban sprawl” by employing seven landscape metrics and Shannon entropy in remote sensing and GIS environments. The study also explores the prospective future urban growth centers based on the directionality and magnitude of sprawling. The analysis also shows a dynamic trend of urban expansion beyond its defined boundary which results in “urban sprawl.” This is also supported by the result of selected landscape metrics which revealed that high growth of sprawl is taking place in the Northwest and Southwest part of English Bazar UA. The diversified methodology employed in this study effectively demonstrates the dynamic growth pattern of sprawl and also helps in timely monitoring of spatial dynamics, its variation, and changing forms of “urban sprawl” patterns using spatio-temporal remote-sensing data in a growing city like English Bazar UA of West Bengal, India.


“Urban sprawl” Land use/land cover Shannon entropy Landscape metrics Remote sensing 


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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fotogrammetria e Topografia (SIFET) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.M.phil, Department of GeographyUniversity of Gour BangaMaldaIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of Gour BangaMaldaIndia

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