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Applied Geomatics

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 279–293 | Cite as

Virtual anastylosis applied to the architectural decoration of mixtilinear buildings in Villa Adriana: the case study of the scattered friezes of the Teatro Marittimo

  • B. Adembri
  • L. Cipriani
  • G. Bertacchi
Original Paper

Abstract

The peculiar figurative friezes of the buildings with mixtilinear entablature have always fascinated collectors of antiquities since the Renaissance, determining their scattering in private collections and museums throughout Europe. Thanks to the application of digital surveying and reverse modelling techniques, increasingly adopted during the last years for the documentation and enhancement of Cultural Heritage, it has been possible to outline a specific methodology for the restoration works that concern the virtual anastylosis of the architectural order and the correct repositioning of the friezes, also not physically present on site. The master model, which shows the conditions of the Teatro Marittimo before the last restoration works (2017), is the result of several survey campaigns, carried out over the course of the last years, in collaboration with the Direction of the Villa. This model has become the basis for the hypothetical order reconstruction and the repositioning of the friezes, by considering their geometrical, morphological, stylistic, constructive, and figurative features. The ongoing research is in constant update, and it aims at providing methodological directions for virtual anastylosis and scientific tools, also preparatory to a real restoration work, starting from such a unique and delicate site as Villa Adriana.

Keywords

Digital survey Reverse modelling Best fitting circumferences Virtual anastylosis Villa Adriana 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The results presented in this paper are part of a wider ongoing research carried out in collaboration between the Direction of Villa Adriana and the University of Bologna. The authors would like to thank Sergio Di Tondo (MicroGeo s.r.l.) and Filippo Fantini (Dipartimento di Architettura, Alma Mater Studiorum, Università di Bologna) for the technical advice during the surveying campaigns since September 2009, on both friezes and archaeological remains. The authors thank professor Pier Federico Caliari and the Accademia Adrianea di Architettura e Archeologia Onlus for the promotion of the last survey campaign (2017) and professor Josefina García-León for carrying out the topographic survey (2017). Thanks to the kind cooperation of other collaborators/tutors who carried out several surveying campaigns during the last years: Silvia Bertacchi, Simone Vianello and Simone Rostellato. The authors thank Vincenza Carollo for the semantics/meshing of the Teatro Marittimo.

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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fotogrammetria e Topografia (SIFET) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istituto “Villa Adriana e Villa d’Este”Ministero dei beni e delle attività culturali e del turismo (MiBACT)Tivoli (Rome)Italy
  2. 2.DA - Dipartimento di ArchitetturaAlma Mater Studiorum - Università di BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di BolognaBolognaItaly

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