Advertisement

Applications of in situ polymerization microsphere with surfactant EOR in low-permeability and heterogeneous reservoirs

  • Jirui Zou
  • Xiangan YueEmail author
  • Jie Dong
  • Jun Gu
  • Joseph Yuchun Fu
  • Liqi Wang
  • Yufan Mou
Original Paper
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

In order to enhance the low recovery efficiency in low-permeability and heterogeneous reservoirs resulted by water channeling during water flooding process, a series of flooding experiments using in situ polymerization microsphere (ISPM) with surfactant were conducted to achieve deep profile control in high conductivity water channels. Dynamic pressure measurement showed that ISPM demonstrated good injectability and profile control effect in low-permeability core of 20.22 mD, as the plugging rate was as high as 78.99%. At the same time, the electron microscopy results showed that the ISPM could migrate deeper into the core to form microsphere clusters to block the high conductivity channels. The core flooding experiments showed that the profile control effect of the composite slug consisted of surfactant and ISPM was much better than that of just ISPM alone. The front part of the slug consisting of BA with strong emulsifying capability and ultra-low interfacial tension can better exert the profile control effect of the ISPM and expand the sweep volume of the subsequent displacing agent better than surfactant TS with ultra-low interfacial tension. As a subsequent oil displacing agent after ISPM + BA profile control, surfactant BA with strong emulsifying capability and ultra-low interfacial tension, compared with AES and TS, achieved higher recovery efficiency. In low-permeability and heterogeneous reservoirs, ultra-low interfacial tension is screening crucial characteristic of surfactant, but emulsification capacity also plays a very important role. Combination of surfactant BA and ISPM could fully utilize the profile control effect of ISPM and the oil stripping effect of surfactant; the stage recovery efficiency was as high as 22.52%.

Keywords

Emulsifying capability Interfacial tension Low-permeability reservoir Polymer microspheres Profile control 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors express their gratitude to Prof. Yue and Mr. Dong for their help on the experiment and data processing.

Funding information

The National Science and Technology Major Project (2017ZX05009-004) and National Science and Technology Major Projects (2016ZX05050012) supported this work. This work is also supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51334007).

References

  1. Almohsin A, Bai B, Imqam A, Wei M, Kang W, Delshad M, Sepehrnoori K (2014) Transport of Nanogel through porous media and its resistance to water flow. SPE improved oil recovery symposium, 12-16 April, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.  https://doi.org/10.2118/169078-MS CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barati R, Johnson SJ, Mccool S et al (2011) Fracturing fluid cleanup by controlled release of enzymes from polyelectrolyte complex nanoparticles[J]. J Appl Polym Sci 121(3):1292–1298.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.33343 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bataweel MA, Nasreldin HA (2012) ASP vs. SP flooding in high salinity/hardness and temperature in sandstone cores.  https://doi.org/10.2118/155679-MS CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bayraktar O, Saglam Citoglu Y, Belgin G, Cetin M (2019) Investigation of the mechanical properties of marble dust and silica fume substituted Portland cement samples under high temperature effect. Fresenius Environ Bull 28:3865–3875Google Scholar
  5. Cao X, Guo L, Wang H (2017) The study and pilot on heterogeneous combination flooding system for high recovery percent of reservoirs after polymer flooding. 22nd World Petroleum Congress, 9-13 July, Istanbul, TurkeyGoogle Scholar
  6. Cetin M (2013a) Landscape engineering, protecting soil, and runoff storm water, InTech-Open Science-open mind. In: Advances in Landscape Architecture-Environmental Sciences, pp 697–722.  https://doi.org/10.5772/55812 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cetin M (2013b) Pavement design with porous asphalt. Temple University, DissertationGoogle Scholar
  8. Cetin M (2015a) Consideration of permeable pavement in landscape architecture. J Environ Prot Ecol 16:385–392Google Scholar
  9. Cetin M (2015b) Using recycling materials for sustainable landscape planning, environment and ecology at the beginning of 21st century, ST. Kliment Ohridski University Press, Sofia, pp 783–788Google Scholar
  10. Cetin M (2016) Determination of bioclimatic comfort areas in landscape planning: a case study of Cide coastline. Turkish J Agriculture-Food Sci Technol 4:800–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cetin M, Zeren I, Sevik H, Cakir C, Akpinar H (2018a) A study on the determination of the natural park’s sustainable tourism potential. Environ Monit Assess 190:167.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-018-6534-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cetin M, Adiguzel F, Kaya O, Sahap A (2018b) Mapping of bioclimatic comfort for potential planning using GIS in Aydin. Environ Dev Sustain 20:361–375.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-016-9885-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dai C, Zhao G, You Q et al (2014) A study on environment-friendly polymer gel for water shut-off treatments in low-temperature reservoirs. J Appl Polym Sci 131:40154.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.40154 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dong J, Yue X (2018) Effect of surfactant emulsification capacity difference on enhanced recovery of low permeability reservoir. Petroleum Nat Gas Chem Indust 47:80–84.  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1007-3426.2018.02.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Feng Q, Chen X, Sun M (2012) Study of the multiple-profile control system to enhance oil recovery after polymer flooding. J Pet Explor Prod Technol 2:133–139.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13202-012-0029-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hirasaki G, Miller CA, Puerto M (2008) Recent advances in surfactant EOR. SPE annual technical conference and exhibition, 21-24 September, Denver, Colorado, USA.  https://doi.org/10.2118/115386-MS CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hood SD, Nelson CS, Kamp PJJ (2003) Modification of fracture porosity by multiphase vein mineralization in an Oligocene nontropical carbonate reservoir. AAPG Bull 87:1575–1597.  https://doi.org/10.1306/06040301103 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hosseini H, Tsau JS, Shafer-peltier K, Marshall C, Ye Q, Ghahfarokhi RB (2019) Experimental and mechanistic study of stabilized dry CO2 foam using polyelectrolyte complex nanoparticles compatible with produced water to improve hydraulic fracturing performance. Ind Eng Chem Res 58:9431–9449.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01390 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hua Z, Lin M, Guo J, Xu F, Li Z, Li M (2013) Study on plugging performance of crosslinked polymer microspheres with reservoir pores. J Pet Sci Technol 105:70–75.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2013.03.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hua Z, Lin M, Dong Z, Li M, Zhang G, Yang J (2014a) Study of deep profile control and oil displacement technologies with nanoscale polymer microspheres. J Colloid Interface Sci 424:67–74.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2014.03.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hua Z, Lin M, Dong Z, Li M, Zhang G, Yang J (2014b) Study of deep profile control and oil displacement technologies with nanoscale polymer microspheres. Colloid Interface Sci 424:67–74.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2014.03.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kalyanaraman N, Arnold C, Gupta A et al (2017) Stability improvement of CO2 foam for enhanced oil-recovery applications using polyelectrolytes and polyelectrolyte complex nanoparticles. J Appl Polym Sci 134(6):19.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.44491 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kamal MS, Hussein IA, Sultan AS (2017) Review on surfactant flooding: phase behavior, retention, IFT, and field applications. Energy Fuel 31(8):7701–7720.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b00353 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lei G, Zheng J (2007) Composing of pore-scale polymer microsphere and its application in improving oil recovery by profile control (Chinese). J China Univ Petroleum 31:87–90.  https://doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:1000-5870.2007.01.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lin R, Guo Y, Wang X, Li Z (2013) Critical particle size of elastic microspheres through reservoir pore. Appl Chem Ind 42:1571–1574.  https://doi.org/10.16581/j.cnki.issn1671-3206.2013.09.040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liu C, Liao X, Chang M, Zhang Y, Mu C, Li T, Qin R, Fu R, Bie X, Zheng J (2012) Field application of polymer microspheres flooding: a pilot test in offshore heavy oil reservoir. SPE annual technical conference and exhibition, 8-10 October, San Antonio, Texas, USA.  https://doi.org/10.2118/158293-MS CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Luo X, Wang Z, Lei Y et al (2016) Reservoir heterogeneity and reservoir formation model of ultra-low permeability sandstone reservoirs -- a case study of the lower assemblage of Yanchang formation in the Western Ordos Basin. Acta Pet Sin 37:87–98.  https://doi.org/10.7623/syxb2016S1009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Muggeridge A, Cockin A, Webb K et al (2014) Recovery rates, enhanced oil recovery and technological limits. Philos Trans 372:201–203.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2012.0320 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Muhammed FA, Bai B, Tang T (2012) Experimental study of the interaction between surfactants and super absorbent polymer gel. J Pet Sci Eng:90–91.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2012.04.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nazari N, Tsau JS, Barati R (2017) CO2 foam stability improvement using polyelectrolyte complex nanoparticles prepared in produced water[J]. Energies 10(4):516.  https://doi.org/10.3390/en10040516 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nazari N, Hosseini H, Tsau JS et al (2020) Development of highly stable lamella using polyelectrolyte complex nanoparticles: an environmentally friendly scCO2 foam injection method for CO2 utilization using EOR. Fuel 261:116360.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2019.116360 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pan L, Fang Q (2012) Mechanism research of the impact of heterogeneity on the low permeability reservoir recovery. J Southwest Petroleum Univ 34:111–115.  https://doi.org/10.3863/j.issn.1674-5086.2012.03.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pan L, Fang Q, Duan Y (2012) Influence factors of heterogeneity of low permeability reservoir on recovery. J Southwest Petroleum Univ 34:111–115.  https://doi.org/10.3863/j.issn.1674-5086.2012.03.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. J Pritchett, H Frampton, J Brinkman, S Cheung, J Morgan, KT Chang, D Williams, J Goodgame (2003) SPE International Improved Oil Recovery Conference in Asia PacificGoogle Scholar
  35. Pu W, Zhao S, Yuan C et al (2016) Experimental study on temperature and salt-resistant polymer microspheres/surfactant alternating slug flooding. Oil Gas Reservoir Evaluat Dev 6:69–73.  https://doi.org/10.13809/j.cnki.cn32-1825/te.2016.04.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Qu W, Li H, Dan Q et al (2014) Polymer microspheres/surfactant complex flooding control system for low permeability reservoirs. Oilfield Chem 31:227–230.  https://doi.org/10.19346/j.cnki.1000-4092.2014.02.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Raffa P, Broekhuis AA, Picchioni F (2016) Polymeric surfactants for enhanced oil recovery: a review. J Pet Sci Eng 145:723–733.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2016.07.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sang Q, Li Y, Yu L, Li Z, Dong M (2014a) Enhanced oil recovery by branched-preformed particle gel injection in parallel-sandpack models. Fuel 136:295–306.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.07.065 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sang Q, Li Y, Yu L et al (2014b) Enhanced oil recovery by branched-preformed particle gel injection in parallel-sandpack models. Fuel 136:295–306.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.07.065 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sheng JJ (2013) Comparison of the effects of wettability alteration and IFT reduction on oil recovery in carbonate reservoirs. Asia Pac J Chem Eng 8:154–161.  https://doi.org/10.1002/apj.1640 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sheng JJ (2015) Status of surfactant EOR technology. Petroleum 1:97–105.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petlm.2015.07.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Song D, Jia Y, Yu L, Chen H, Wang T, Lin G (2008) Further enhanced oil recovery by using polymer Minispheres at Gudao oil field after polymer flood (Chinese). Oilfield Chem 25:165–169.  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1000-4092.2008.02.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Taylor KC, Hawkins BF, Islam MR (1990) Dynamic interfacial tension in surfactant enhanced alkaline flooding. J Can Pet Technol 29:50–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Varol T, Ertuğrul M, Özel HB, Emir T, Çetin M (2019) The effects of rill erosion on unpaved forest road. Appl Ecol Environ Res 17:825–839.  https://doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1701_825839 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wan T, Huang R, Zhao Q, Xiong L, Luo L, Tan X, Cai G (2013) Synthesis and swelling properties of corn stalk composite superabsorbent. J Appl Polym Sci 130:698–703.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.39219 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang T, Xiao J, Sun H, Cao Z, Song D (2006) Influencing factors of particle size and plugging characteristics of polymer microspheres. Petrol Geol Rec Eff 13:80–82.  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1009-9603.2006.04.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wang D, Han P, Shao Z, Hou W, Seright R (2008) Sweep-improvement options for the Daqing oil field. SPE Reserv Eval Eng 11:18–26.  https://doi.org/10.2118/99441-PA CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wang Y, Zhao F, Bai B (2010) Optimized surfactant IFT and polymer viscosity for surfactant-polymer flooding in heterogeneous formations. SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, 24-28 April, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.  https://doi.org/10.2118/127391-MS CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wang Y, Sun W, Feng Z et al (2011) Experimental study on polymer microspheres combined with surfactant to improve recovery efficiency -- a case study on block H of sha nian oilfield. Petroleum Geol Eng 25:105–108.  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1673-8217.2011.05.031
  50. Wang C, Pu W et al (2015) A new surfactant microsphere mixing system for high-temperature and high-salt oil reservoirs. Oil Gas Geol Recov 22:107–111.  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1009-9603.2015.06.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Wu Z (2017) Effect of emulsification performance and interfacial activity of surfactant on recovery of low permeability reservoir. Oilfield Chem 34:119–125.  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1007-3426.2011.05.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wu Z, Yang C, Wang G, Yue X (2016) Experimental study on oil production characteristics of water flooding and remaining oil distribution in the oilfield of plain heterogeneity. Sci Technol Eng 16:48–55Google Scholar
  53. Yang C (2017) Study on deep stimulation and water shutoff method of horizontal wells in high-temperature and high-salt reservoirs. Dissertation, China. University of Petroleum, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  54. Yang H, Kang W, Liu S, Bai B, Zhao J, Zhang B (2015) Mechanism and influencing factors on the initial particle size and swelling capability of viscoelastic microspheres. J Dispers Sci Technol 36:1673–1684.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01932691.2014.1000463 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Yang C, Yue X, Li C et al (2017a) Combining carbon dioxide and strong emulsifier in-depth huff and puff with DCA microsphere plugging in horizontal wells of high-temperature and high-salinity reservoirs. J Natural Gas Sci Eng 42:56–68.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2017.02.036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Yang H, Kang W, Yin X, Tang X, Song S, Lashari ZA, Bai B, Sarsenbekuly B (2017b) Research on matching mechanism between polymer microspheres with different storage modulus and pore throats in the reservoir. Powder Technol 313:191–200.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2017.03.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Yang H, Kang W, Yin X et al (2017c) Research on matching mechanism between polymer microspheres with different storage modulus and pore throats in the reservoir. Powder Technol 313:191–200.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2017.03.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Yang H, Kang W, Yin X (2017d) A low elastic-microsphere/surfactant/polymer combined displacing method after polymer flooding. SPE Kingdom of Saudi Arabia annual technical symposium and exhibition, 24-27 April, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.  https://doi.org/10.2118/188074-MS CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Yao C, Lei G, Lei L et al (2012) Selectivity of pore-scale elastic microspheres as a novel profile control and oil displacement agent. Energy Fuel 26:5092–5101.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ef300689c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Yao C, Lei G, Cathles LM, Steenhuis TS (2014) Pore-scale investigation of micron-size polyacrylamide elastic microspheres (MPEMs) transport and retention in saturated porous media. Environ Sci Technol 48:5329–5335.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es500077s CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Yao C, Lei G, Hou J, Xu X, Wang D, Steenhuis TS (2015) Enhanced oil recovery using micron-size polyacrylamide elastic microspheres: underlying mechanisms and displacement experiments. Ind Eng Chem Res 54:10925–10934.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.5b02717 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Yao C, Xu X, Wang D, Lei G, Xue S, Hou J, Cathles LM, Steenhuis TS (2016) Research and application of Micron-size polyacrylamide elastic microspheres as a smart sweep improvement and profile modification agent. SPE improved oil recovery conference, 11-13 April, Tulsa, Oklahoma.  https://doi.org/10.2118/179531-MS CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Yu Q, Jiang H, Zhao C (2010) Study of interfacial tension between oil and surfactant polymer flooding. Liquid Fuels Technol 28:1846–1854.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10916466.2010.506466 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Zhao H, Yang H, Wu X, Zhao P, Xiao L (2005) A combination Technology of Profile Control and Mini-type Surfactant Flooding: laboratory evaluation and field application. SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, 2-4 February, the Woodlands, Texas.  https://doi.org/10.2118/92976-MS CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Zhao G, You Q, Tao J et al (2018a) Preparation and application of a novel phenolic resin dispersed particle gel for in-depth profile control in low permeability reservoirs. J Pet Sci Eng 161:703–714.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2017.11.070 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Zhao G, You Q, Tao J et al (2018b) Preparation and application of a novel phenolic resin dispersed particle gel for in-depth profile control in low permeability reservoirs. J Pet Sci Eng 161:703–714.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2017.11.070 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Zhao S, Pu W, Wei B et al (2018c) A comprehensive investigation of polymer microspheres (PMs) migration in porous media: EOR implication. Fuel 235:249–258.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.07.125 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Zhu D, Hou J, Chen Y et al (2018) In situ surface decorated polymer microsphere technology for enhanced oil recovery in high-temperature petroleum reservoirs. Energy Fuel.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.8b00001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Zou J, Yue X, Zhang J, Fu JY, He J, Kong B, Ling Q (2018) Self-assembled microspheres feasibility study for conformance control in high temperature and high salinity reservoirs. Arab J Geosci 11:195.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-3544-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jirui Zou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xiangan Yue
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Jie Dong
    • 4
  • Jun Gu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Joseph Yuchun Fu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Liqi Wang
    • 5
  • Yufan Mou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources and ProspectingChina University of Petroleum (Beijing)BeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Petroleum Engineering Ministry of EducationBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of Petroleum EngineeringChina University of PetroleumBeijingChina
  4. 4.China University of PetroleumBeijingChina
  5. 5.University of AberdeenAberdeenEngland, UK

Personalised recommendations