Development of a wellbore heat transfer model considering circulation loss

  • Jiangshuai Wang
  • Jun LiEmail author
  • Gonghui Liu
  • Xuefeng Song
Original Paper


Well loss is a common and complex accident in drilling engineering. The wellbore temperature under lost circulation plays a very important role on safe drilling and affects rheology of fluid, wellbore pressure, well-wall stability, etc. At present, the study on wellbore temperature profile under lost condition is quite limited. And, factors that have obvious impact on the wellbore temperature distribution are neglected in the existing heat transfer model under lost circulation, which reduces the accuracy of simulated results. In this paper, a wellbore heat transfer model is developed to predict the wellbore temperature profile under the condition of lost circulation. The effects of drilling fluid lost into zone, complex casing programs, and heat sources on wellbore temperature under the condition of lost circulation are fully considered in the model. And, the model is solved by iterative method. Then, the model is validated by the measured temperature data and the existing model. Comparison results show that the simulated results by the model in this paper are more consistent with the true value after considering these factors. Last, case study is conducted under lost circulation condition. Some meaningful conclusions are listed below: (a) The annular fluid temperature near the wellhead is less than the fluid temperature inside the drill pipe under lost circulation; (b) Different from normal circulation, there is an inflection point on the temperature difference curve under lost circulation; (c) The number of inflection points on the annular fluid temperature distribution curve increases with the increase of loss zone number; (d) Under the same change of loss rate, flow rate, thermal conductivity of formation, and heat capacity of fluid, the variation range of fluid temperature at bottom-hole is greater than the variation range of fluid temperature at wellhead.


Drilling Wellbore heat transfer Heat sources Inflection point Loss zone number 


Funding information

The project was supported by the Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 51734010).


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiangshuai Wang
    • 1
  • Jun Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gonghui Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xuefeng Song
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Petroleum EngineeringChina University of PetroleumBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.CNOOC Safety Technology Service Co., Ltd.TianjinChina

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