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Evaluation of a reservoir landslide: a case study from Artvin, Turkey

  • Ali KayabasiEmail author
Original Paper
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

This paper describes an instability in the Yokuşlubağ village of the Yusufeli district of Artvin in Northeastern Turkey. The Arkun Dam was one of the dams planned on the basin of the Çoruh River. The Yokuşlubağ landslide area starting at 600 m upstream is on the left side of the Arkun Dam. The sliding area is approximately 2 km2. The landslide consists of rockfalls, rotation slides, planar slides, slope wash deposit and alluvial fans. The causes of the slidings are the toe erosion by the Çoruh River, high slope angles varying between 20° and 35°, rockfalls in the Berta Formation and hydrothermal and physical weathering. Lithology boundaries and possible sliding surfaces were determined with drilling and resistivity studies. One hundred iron bars were fixed on the landslide, and the movements of these iron bars were recorded. The Yokuşlubağ landslide was determined as a huge creep. Two possible sliding surfaces were determined. When the water was accumulated in the reservoir, the toe of landslide would be under reservoir lake. This would increase landslide velocity and may cause dam failure. According to the first possible sliding surface, the sliding material amount was calculated as approximately 100 × 106 m3. This material would fill approximately 1/3 of the reservoir of the Dam. If the second possible sliding surface mobilized, approximately 130 × 106 m3 of material would move into the reservoir. According to these possibilities, the Arkun Dam project was canceled, and other alternatives were considered.

Keywords

Creep Reservoir Monitoring Resistivity Çoruh River 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author would like to express his sincere thanks to fellow geology engineers Tanju Ökten, Ali Oğuz and geophysics engineer Veli Demiroğlu for their permission to use data and valuable comments that helped form this article. The author is also grateful to his former, closed institution, the General Directorate of Electrical Power Researches Survey and Development Administration. The author is grateful for anonymous reviewers of this study for their helpful comments on the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological EngineeringEskisehir Osmangazi UniversityEskisehirTurkey

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