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The Upper Permian volcanic-sedimentary succession in northern Qamdo Block, central Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its sedimentary, paleogeographic and tectonic significance

  • Shengqian LiuEmail author
  • Zaixing Jiang
  • Yi Gao
  • Youbin He
  • Chao Han
Original Paper
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

A combined sedimentological and geochemical study has been carried out on a volcanic-sedimentary succession from a borehole newly drilled in the northern Qamdo Block (QMB, in central Qinghai-Tibet Plateau) in order to improve the knowledge of the sedimentary and tectonic environment. The lithologic data allow to separate four main lithofacies, including massive volcanic lithofacies (LF1), tuffaceous lithofacies (LF2), sandstone lithofacies (LF3) and mudstone lithofacies (LF4). LF1 likely reflects the products of felsic lava flows that were formed during the process of magma ascent onto the seafloor at an earlier stage. LF2 contains two sublifhofacies that respectively represents the proximal and distal accumulation of tuffaceous turbidity flows. LF3 could be the arc-sourced submarine fan deposits, and the sublithofacies LF3a and LF3b represent mid-fan distributaries and interchannel deposits in fan lobes. LF4 is mainly composed of suspension deposits, which represents the sedimentation of post-volcanic activities. Furthermore, the lithofacy associations reveal the evolution of a volcano-sourced submarine fan in the back-arc basin. Geochemically, LF1 and LF2 are characterized by LREE-enriched patterns with negative Eu anomalies, enrichment in large ion lithophile elements (LILEs) and depletion in high-field-strength elements (HFSEs), which correspond with the previously published island arc environment. However, LF2 shows more distinctive patterns, which represents a later evolution stage than that of LF1. This volcanic-sedimentary succession reveals that the sedimentary-tectonic setting could be consistent with the subduction of Jinshajiang oceanic slab in the late Permian period.

Keywords

Volcanic-sedimentary succession Submarine fan Late Permian Central Qinghai-Tibet Plateau 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks to Antonio Herrero-Hernández, Abdullah M. Al-Amri, Domenico Doronzo, and another anonymous reviewer for reviewing and assisting the manuscript.

Funding information

This study was financially supported by China Geological Survey (grant number GZH201400301) and Open Fund of Key Laboratory of Exploration and Technologies for Oil and Gas Resources (Yangtze University), Ministry of Education (grant number K2018-07).

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Exploration Technologies for Oil and Gas Resources (Yangtze University)Ministry of EducationWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Shandong Key Laboratory of Depositional Mineralization & Sedimentary MineralShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of GeosciencesYangtze UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Energy ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Continental Dynamics, Department of GeologyNorthwest UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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