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Geochemical characteristics of the karst-type bauxites: an example from the Kanirash deposit, NW Iran

  • Ali AbediniEmail author
  • Masoud Habibi Mehr
  • Maryam Khosravi
  • Ali Asghar Calagari
Original Paper
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

The Kanirash bauxite deposit belongs to the Iran-Himalayan karst-type bauxite belt, which is situated about 30 km southeast of Mahabad city, northwestern Iran. The bauxite ores are embedded by the Late Permian carbonate rocks intercalated with shale of the Ruteh Formation and occurred as layer and lens-shaped patches. The bauxite ores contain diaspore, clinochlore, hematite, pyrophyllite, illite, rutile, and lesser amounts of zircon, pyrite, and barite. This mineral assemblage indicates that this deposit was formed in a transitional zone between the vadose and the phreatic environments. The presence of pyrite in the bauxite ores demonstrates that organic matters were present in the uppermost parts of the profile and the depositional diagenetic/epigenetic environment was reducing. Ti and Fe together with a suite of trace elements, including Ni, Cr, Co, Ga, Ta, and V, were leached from the upper parts of the weathered profile and concentrated in the bottom parts with respect to Hf, chosen as the least mobile element. Some factors, such as pH variations in weathering solutions, buffering nature of the carbonate bedrock, mineral control, the existence of organic materials, and fluctuations of groundwater table played important roles in distribution of trace and rare earth elements.

Keywords

Kanirash bauxite deposit Mass change Fluctuations of groundwater level Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Our gratitude is further expressed to Prof. Abdullah M. Al-Amri and associate editor for their advice, valuable suggestions, and editorial assistance, and also two anonymous reviewers for reviewing and making critical comments on this manuscript.

Funding information

This work was financially fully supported by the Bureau of Deputy of Research and Complementary Education of Urmia University.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Abedini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Masoud Habibi Mehr
    • 1
  • Maryam Khosravi
    • 2
  • Ali Asghar Calagari
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of SciencesUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran
  2. 2.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of SciencesShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  3. 3.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran

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