The unrevealed facts on helium resources of India

  • Hirok ChaudhuriEmail author
  • Kankana Seal
  • Chiranjit Maji
  • Supriya Pal
  • Mrinal Kanti Mandal
Original Paper


Helium (He) is the only rare gas that has wide applications in the field of science and modern technologies. In India, consumption of He is large around 2.3% of the global He consumption. But, as of now, there is no commercial He plant in India. He is conventionally recovered from natural petroleum gas; however, Indian natural gas deposits are lean in He. But the fascinating fact is that Indian geothermal systems are rich in He. Therefore, present paper focusses on the recovery of He from geothermal systems through an unconventional approach. It is notable that no attempt has been made so far to make India self-reliant on He production. With a view to prepare a clear synopsis on He potential of India, a detailed survey on He scenario of Indian geothermal resources along with their temperature profiles was done in the present work by assembling the data recorded by several researchers in the past few decades. The heat-He coherence phenomenon was observed in Indian geothermal provinces by applying statistical techniques on the recorded temperature-He data set. It was observed that some of Indian hot springs could be well utilized for both He extraction in large scale as well as setting up geothermal power plant. The present work that invokes Bakreswar-Tantloi and Tattapani geothermal area (under the Sonata geothermal province) appears to be the most suitable area for the installation of a commercial He recovery plant along with geothermal power plant.


He exploration Heat-He coherence Geothermal energy Hot springs Statistical analysis 



The authors would like to acknowledge the staff members of the Helium Laboratory at Bakreswar, West Bengal, India, for their endless effort for smooth running of the laboratory.

Funding information

This study was financially supported by the National Institute of Technology, Durgapur (NIT Durgapur).


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsNIT DurgapurDurgapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringNIT DurgapurDurgapurIndia
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringNIT DurgapurDurgapurIndia

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