Elasto-plastic characteristics of clayey soils contaminated by gasoil using cyclic triaxial apparatus

  • Fatemeh Mir Mohammad HosseiniEmail author
  • Seyed Majdeddin Mir Mohammad Hosseini
  • Taghi Ebadi
  • Aboulfazl Eslami
Original Paper


Oil-contaminated lands are one of the main concerns in geoenvironmental engineering. Contamination influences the pysical and mechanical properties of the ground particularly in fine soils. Purgation of such lands is sometimes too costly and impossible. Instead, in case of low contamination, they may be applicable to many land uses in engineering parctices. In such cases, the engineering properties of polluted areas are of great importance and necessity. Among oil products, gasoil due to its wide ranges of utilizations has the main contribution in contaminating areas. In this paper, the effect of gasoil contamination on the elasto-plastic properties of fine clayey soils has been discussed. Specimens of pure and mixed kaolinite with fine sand are contaminated by different gasoil contents (up to 16%) and tested using cyclic triaxial apparatus. Several load cycles are applied to remolded samples and stress–strain curves are obtained. The elastic and plastic strains of the samples in different cycles are evaluated. Based on the results, while gasoil contamination decreases elastic properties of the clayey soils, it increases the plastic strains. Thus, these areas fail more quickly particularly when are subjected to numerous load cycles as is the case in many repeated loadings.


Gasoil Contamination Clayey soil Cyclic Elastic Plastic Strain 


  1. Abousnina RM, Manalo A, Shiau J, Lokuge W (2015) Effect of light crude oil contamination on the physical and mechanical properties of fine sand. Soil Sediment Contam Int J 24(8):833–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Almutairi M (2018) Vermiremediation strategy for remediation of Kuwaiti oil contaminated soil. Proceeding of international conference on contaminated sites, Banska Bystrica Slovakia, 08–10 October 2018, 43–48Google Scholar
  3. Al-Sanad HA, Eid WK, Ismael NF (1995) Geotechnical properties of oil contaminated Kuwaiti sand. J Geotech Eng ASCE 121:407–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andersen KH, Høeg K (1992) Deformations of soils and displacements of structures subjected to combined static and cyclic loads. Publikasjon-NorgesGeotekniskeInstitutt, 12Google Scholar
  5. Cook EE, Puri VK, Shin EC (1992) Geotechnical characteristics of crude oil-contaminated sands. Proc. of the 2nd Int. offshore polar eng. conf. San Francisco, USA, 384–387Google Scholar
  6. Ghoreishi G, Alemzadeh A, Mojarrad M, Djavaheri M (2017) Bioremediation capability and characterization of bacteria isolated from petroleum contaminated soils in Iran. Sustainable Environmental Research 27(4):195–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gupta MK, Srivastava RK (2010) Evaluation of engineering properties of oil-contaminated soils. Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India) 90:37–42Google Scholar
  8. Istrate IA, Cocarta DM, Wu Z, Stoian MA (2018) Minimizing the health risks from hydrocarbon contaminated soils by using electric field-based treatment for soil remediation. Journal of Sustainability 10:253. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jia YG, Wu Q, Shang H, Yang ZN, Shan HX (2011) The influence of oil contamination on the geotechnical properties of coastal sediments in the Yellow River delta. Bull Eng Geol Environ 70(3):517–525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Karkush MO (2016) Impact of soil contamination on the response of piles foundation under a combination of loading. Engineering, Technology and applied Science Research 6(1):917–922Google Scholar
  11. Karkush MO, Abdul Kareem MS (2016) Behavior of pile group subjected to cyclic lateral loading in contaminated soils. International journal of GEOMATE 1(21):1943–1949Google Scholar
  12. Kermani M, Ebadi T (2012) The effect of oil contamination on the geotechnical properties of fine-grained soils. Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal, Taylor & Francis Group21, 655–671Google Scholar
  13. Khamehchiyan M, Charkhabi AH, Tajik M (2007) Effects of crude oil contamination on geotechnical properties of clayey and sandy soils. Eng Geol, Elsevier, 89, 220–229Google Scholar
  14. Khosravi E, Ghasemzadeh H, Sabour MR and Yazdani H (2013) Geotechnical properties of gas oil-contaminated kaolinite. Eng Geol, Elsevier, 166, 11–16Google Scholar
  15. Naeini SA, Shojaedin MM (2014) Effect of oil contamination on the liquefaction behavior of sandy soils. International journal of environmental, chemical, ecological, geological and geophysical engineering, 8(4), 296–299Google Scholar
  16. Nasehi SA, Uromeihy A, Nikudel MR, Morsali A (2016) Influence of gasoil contamination on geotechnical properties of fine and coarse-grained soils. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 34(1):333–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nikmanesh, M.R. (1998.( The variation of geotechnical properties of contaminated soils by oil products. Proceeding of the 2nd technical conference on environmental engineering, Tehran-Iran, 1998Google Scholar
  18. Puri VK (2000) Geotechnical aspects of oil-contaminated sands. Soil Sediment Contam 9(4):359–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rahman ZA, Hanzah U, Taha MR, Ithnain NS, Ahmad N (2010) Influence of oil contamination on geotechnical properties of basaltic residual soil. Am J Appl Sci 7:954–961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Singh SK, Srivastava RK, John S (2008) Settlement characteristics of clayey soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. Soil Sediment Contam 17:290–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Tennakoon N, Indraratna B, Rujikiatkamjorn C (2014) Effect of the ballast contamination on the behavior of track substructure. Australian Geomachanics Journal 49(4):113–123Google Scholar
  22. Ur-Rehman H, Abduljauwad SN, Akram T (2007) Geotechnical behavior of oil-contaminated fine-grained soils. Electron J Geotech Eng 12(A):15–23Google Scholar
  23. Yasuhara K, Andersen KH (1991) Recompression of normally consolidated clay after cyclic loading. Soils Found 31(1):83–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Zappi ME, Bajpai R, Hernandez R, Taconi K, Gang D (2017) Reclamation of smaller volumes of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soil using an innovative reactor system: a case study evaluation of the design. Agric Sci 8:600–615. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatemeh Mir Mohammad Hosseini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Seyed Majdeddin Mir Mohammad Hosseini
    • 1
  • Taghi Ebadi
    • 1
  • Aboulfazl Eslami
    • 1
  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran

Personalised recommendations