Comprehensive evaluation of Pléiades-1A bundle images for geospatial applications

  • Hüseyin TopanEmail author
  • Karsten Jacobsen
  • Ali Cam
  • Mustafa Ozendi
  • Murat Oruç
  • Oya Burcu Bakioğlu
  • Çağlar Bayık
  • Talha Taşkanat
Original Paper


This paper presents the results of comprehensive evaluation of Pléiades 1A which is the first civilian satellite of Europe with sub-meter resolution. The analyses consist of radiometric evaluation, georeferencing accuracy assessment, pan-sharpening performance, digital surface/terrain model quality and vector map production. The effective resolution is estimated with a factor slightly below 1.0 for triplet panchromatic images, and signal to noise ratio is in the range of other comparable space borne images. The georeferencing accuracy was estimated with a standard deviation in X and Y directions in the range of 0.45 m by bias-corrected and sensor-dependent rational functional model. 3D standard deviation of ± 0.44 m in X direction, ± 0.51 m in Y direction and ± 1.82 m in the Z direction were reached in spite of the very narrow angle of convergence by the same mathematical model. The generated digital surface/terrain models were achieved with ± 1.6 m standard deviation in Z direction in relation to a reference digital terrain model. The pan-sharpened images were generated by various methods, and were validated by quantitative and qualitative analyses. Moreover, a vector map was generated in the level of detail 0 to analyse information content.


Accuracy Digital elevation models Geospatial analysis Image fusion Image quality Optical imaging Pléiades 1A 


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Faculty, Department of Geomatics EngineeringZonguldak Bülent Ecevit UniversityZonguldakTurkey
  2. 2.Institute of Photogrammetry and GeoInformationGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz University HannoverHannoverGermany
  3. 3.Engineering Faculty, Department of Geomatics EngineeringErciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey

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