Chronicles and geoheritage of the ancient Roman city of Pompeiopolis: a landscape plan
- 63 Downloads
Kastamonu-Pompeiopolis is a protected area with historical, natural, and cultural value and has recently increased in popularity. The aim of this study is to ensure the sustainability of natural and cultural resources via an evaluation to reveal the necessary practices and precautions regarding the area’s landscape plan decisions for the ancient city. Maps of Pompeiopolis were created and the Gülez formula (1990) was used to evaluate the city. Based on the data obtained from the area, we have determined that it has a high recreational potential, and hence this study. We find that the untapped recreational potential of Pompeiopolis has yet to be exploited and reached. According to the formula, Pompeiopolis’s recreational potential is 72%, which means it is considered to be an area of high recreational potential. In conclusion, Pompeiopolis has a wealth of ecotourism activities, including historical and cultural tourism, bird watching, wildlife tours, adventure and sports tourism, photography, camping, picnic activities, and cave exploring. However, management and planning is needed for trekking, hiking, and the rest of the activities in order to ensure long-term sustainability.
KeywordsEcosystem activities Evaluation Landscape planning Landscape management Modeling GIS Protected area
The Turkish Republic Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Meteorology, Turkish Republic Ministry of Forest and Aquaculture, Municipality of Taskopru (Pompeiopolis), The Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, and the General Directorate of National Parks and Nature Conservation provided information about the protected area in Kastamonu. We sincerely thank all of them.
Ugur Canturk’s Master Thesis in Kastamonu University, Institute of Science, Programs of Landscape Architecture, conducted one of part of this research. He sincerely thanks his Advisor’s Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Cetin and Kastamonu University. Furthermore, Huseyin Akpinar’s Master Thesis in Kastamonu University, Institute of Science, Programs of Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Plant Resources, conducted one part of this research. He sincerely thanks his Advisor’s Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Cetin and Kastamonu University.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Aricak B (2015) Using remote sensing data to predict road fill areas and areas affected by fill erosion with planned forest road construction: a case study in Kastamonu Regional Forest Directorate (Turkey). Environ Monit Assess 187(7):417. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-015-4663-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bathrellos GD, Gaki-Papanas tassiou K, Skilodimou HD, Papanastassiou D, Chousianitis KG (2012) Potential suitability for urban planning and industry development by using natural hazard maps and geological–geomorphological parameters. Environ Earth Sci 66(2):537–548. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-011-1263-x
- Cetin M (2015b) Evaluation of the sustainable tourism potential of a protected area for landscape planning: a case study of the ancient city of Pompeipolis in Kastamonu. Int J Sust Dev World Ecol 22(6):490–495. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504509.2015.1081651?src=recsys&journalCode=tsdw20 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cetin M (2016) Determination of bioclimatic comfort areas in landscape planning: a case study of Cide coastline. Turk J Agric-Food Sci Technol 4(9):800–804Google Scholar
- Dixit SK, Narula VK (2010) Ecotourism in Madhav National Park: visitors’ perspectives on environmental impacts. South Asian J Tour Herit 3:109–115Google Scholar
- Gülez S (1990) An evaluation method for determination of inside of forest recreation potential. Istanbul Uni J Fac For 40(2):132–147Google Scholar
- Kaya LG (2009) Assessing forests and lands with carbon storage and sequestration amount by trees in the State of Delaware, USA. Sci Res Essays 4(10):1100–1108Google Scholar
- Kaya LG, Aytekin A (2009) Determination of outdoor recreation potential: case of the city of Bartın and its environs, Turkey. Fresenius Environ Bull 18(8):1513–1524Google Scholar
- Kaya LG, Cetin M, Doygun H (2009) A holistic approach in analyzing the landscape potential: Porsuk Dam Lake and its environs, Turkey. Fresenius Environ Bull 18(8):1525–1153Google Scholar
- Kaya LG, Yucedag C, Bingol B (2017) Usage of ineffective mining quarries for recreational purposes: the case study of Burdur City, Turkey. J Grad Sch Nat Appl Scien MAKU 8(2):184–190Google Scholar
- Kumari S, Behera MD, Tewari HR (2010) Identification of potential ecotourism sites in West District, Sikkim using geospatial tools. Trop Ecol 51:75–85Google Scholar
- Municipality of Taskopru (Pompeiopolis) (2016) [online], [cited 21 March 2016]. Available from Internet:. http://www.Pompeiopolis-bld.gov.tr/Pompeiopolis/sayfalar/default.asp. Accessed 02 June 2017
- Ngoka PC (2013) Capacity and levels of utilization of tourism potentials of Yankari and Cross River National Parks—implications for optimistic ecotourism development in Nigeria. African J Hosp Tour Leis 2(4):1–12Google Scholar
- Nowak D, Walton JT, Dwyer JF, Kaya LG, Myeong S (2005) The increasing influence of urban environments on US Forest. J For 103(8):377–382Google Scholar
- Topay M (2013) Mapping of thermal comfort for outdoor recreation planning using GIS: the case of Isparta Province (Turkey). Turk J Agric For 37:110–120Google Scholar
- Topay M, Memluk Y (2011) Suitable for recreational area events choice for a new method approach: a case study of Bartin-Uluyayla. SDU J Fac For 12(2):141–147Google Scholar
- Turkish Republic Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Meteorology (2016) Pompeiopolis the meteorological data of between 2000 to 2015 yearsGoogle Scholar
- Turkish Republic Ministry of Forest and Aquaculture (2016) Pompeiopolis forest map. Department of Kastamonu Forest Region. Turkish Republic Ministry of Forest and Aquaculture. Department of Forest Management [online], [cited 10 March 2016]. Available from Internet: http://www.ogm.gov.tr/Sayfalar/OrmanHaritasi.aspx. Accessed 02 June 2017
- Yucedag C, Kaya LG (2017) Chapter 104. Recreational trend and demands of people in Isparta-Turkey. In: H Arapgirlioglu, A Atik, RL Elliott, E Turgeon (eds) Book: Researches on science and art in 21 st century Turkey. Gece Publishing, ISBN: 978-605-180-771-3Google Scholar
- Zeren I (2016) Determination of bioclimatic comfort in Kastamonu Nature Park, The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) during the 2209-A-2015/2 period (University Students Domestic Research Projects Support Program) working on projects numbered 1919B011502715, 2016Google Scholar