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HAND (height above nearest drainage) tool and satellite-based geospatial analysis of Hyderabad (India) urban floods, September 2016

  • C. M. Bhatt
  • G. Srinivasa Rao
Original Paper
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

Urban flooding needs to be understood holistically and addressed geospatially by all stakeholders. In the present study, an attempt is made to understand the problem of urban flooding in part of Hyderabad city (Zone-12) geospatially considering the satellite-based changes in land use/land cover between 1989 and 2016, identifying low-lying areas vulnerable to flooding using HAND (height above nearest drainage) model in conjunction with the analysis of high-resolution satellite images and ground based validation of affected locations during rains of September 2016. The study shows that Zone-12 has undergone significant increase in impervious cover by 42% between 1989 and 2016. The impact of urbanization has obliterated the footprints of stream network, significantly changing the hydrological landscape due to burial of channels and concretization of lake beds. The interconnected channel network and lake system acting as sinks to absorb high runoff during monsoons have been encroached upon aggravating the urban flooding problem. The study shows that HAND model can be an effective tool under data scarce environments, limited cloud-free high-resolution satellite data availability during floods to have first cut baseline information on flood vulnerable areas.

Keywords

Urban HAND SRTM Satellite Floods Hyderabad 

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) Campus, Indian Space research Organization (ISRO), Department of Space, Government of IndiaDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Regional Remote Sensing Centre – East, NRSC, ISROKolkataIndia

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