A review of jet grouting practice and development

  • Pierre Guy Atangana Njock
  • Jun ChenEmail author
  • Giuseppe Modoni
  • Arul Arulrajah
  • Yong-Hyun Kim


The jet grouting technique was originally initiated in the UK and progressively developed following the needs for larger geometries, ease of implementation, economic rationality, and better mechanical properties. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the development and practice of jet grouting through some fundamental concepts and relevant case studies. Subsequently, a laboratory testing program is performed to investigate the factors affecting the efficacy of the twin grouting system. The principal objective of this study is to define the suitable conditions for the jet grouting efficacy regarding economic rationality as well as quality control. For the first phase, a particular emphasis is placed on the properties of jet columns, site geological conditions, implementation methods, and the justification of each selected treatment option, while the second phase mainly focuses on the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) tests. It follows that the mono-fluid jet grouting system presents a valuable flexibility in dealing with complex configurations; yet, the double- and triple-fluid systems are more indicated for cases of mass treatments for which large portions of space must be treated and overlapping is fundamentally important for the reliability of the treatment. Furthermore, it was established that the efficacy of the twin-jet method primarily relies on the proper adequacy of some critical parameters, namely, the cement content, the water-cement ratio, and cement slurry-water glass ratio. In spite of some uncertainties inherently related to the technique, the UCS test represents the quintessential laboratory index for evaluating the mechanical properties of grouted elements, deriving jet grouting efficacy and the economics of jet grouts.


Jet grouting Unconfined compressive strength Diameter prediction Twin-jet Remediation method 



This work was conducted under the guidance of Prof. Shui-Long Shen from the Department of Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. The authors would like to express their sincere thanks to Prof. Shen.

Funding information

The research work described herein was funded by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Grant No. 41372283). These financial supports are gratefully recognized.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre Guy Atangana Njock
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jun Chen
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Giuseppe Modoni
    • 3
  • Arul Arulrajah
    • 4
  • Yong-Hyun Kim
    • 5
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering and Department of Civil Engineering, School of Naval Architecture, Ocean, and Civil EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Ship and Deep-Sea Exploration (CISSE)Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Cassino and Southern LazioCassinoItaly
  4. 4.Department of Civil and Construction EngineeringSwinburne University of TechnologyMelbourneAustralia
  5. 5.Korea Foundation Technology (KFT) Co., Ltd.Anyang CitySouth Korea

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